The module 4 Corresponds to impacts on beneficiary households where LAPs seek security and legal certainty about land ownership.

Module 4: Household Livelihoods

The construction of impact evaluation indicators

Once the hypotheses and intervention variables have been identified, the indicators for testing these hypotheses can be constructed. Generally speaking, an indicator represents the concrete expression of the target quality at a specific time, based on a concrete measurement scale.

Three aspects must be established in order to construct an indicator:

  • The quality to be measured.
  • The way in which this quality will be measured (scale with an upper and lower limit).
  • Its correct interpretation; the possible values that can be reached, the maximum and minimum and their qualitative significance should be stated.

See a working example

If the aim is to establish an indicator to determine how access to titling has been carried out with gender equity, the indicator can be constructed as follows:

1. A working definition of gender equity must be formulated: gender equity in household ownership is understood to be when “women have received a title through the project in the same proportion as men”. This definition is a concrete expression of the concept as it can be measured as shown below:

2. The scale for quantification is defined. A formula for measuring gender equity could be:

                                      Number of new titles given to women
Gender Equity   =   ----------------------------------------------------------------                                                                Number of new titles given to men

3. Interpretation is carried out using the possible values to be obtained in step 2. This would give the expected value(s) of an indicator:



Inequality in favour of women

+ of 1

Gender equity


Inequality in favour of men

- of 1