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Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing

On 5 December 2017 the United Nations General Assembly agreed to a resolution proposed by FAO on sustainable fisheries, thereby declaring 5 June as the International Day for the Fight Against Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing.

The first International Day for the Fight Against Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing will be celebrated for the first time on 5 June 2018, with FAO as the lead agency for the new international day. The date was selected because 5 June is the date, in 2016, when the first international treaty designed to end illegal fishing – the FAO Port State Measures Agreement – entered into force.

This international day is an important opportunity to highlight efforts taking place globally, regionally and nationally to combat illegal fishing. We welcome all efforts by member countries, fisherfolk organizations, civil society organizations, the fisheries industry and consumer groups to spotlight the importance of the fight against illegal fishing on this international day.

 
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New momentum to fight illegal fishing

Although putting an end to IUU fishing is a daunting challenge, for the first time ever, we are witnessing the international momentum to move this issue forward. Furthermore, we now have the international instruments in place that bring us closer to reaching this goal. These include:

FAO Port State Measures Agreement (2016)

-prevents illegally caught fish from entering international markets through ports

FAO Catch Documentation Schemes (2017)

-provides better and more harmonized traceability of fish along the value chain

FAO Voluntary Guidelines on Marking Fishing Gear (negotiated by technical working group 2018, pending FAO endorsement)

- international guidelines for the marking of fishing gear, aimed at eliminating abandoned, lost or discarded gear

Global Record of Fishing Vessels, Refrigerated Transport Vessels and Supply Vessels (2014)

-state-certified repository of vessels involved in fishing operations