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Blue Growth

Pollution, over-exploitation, Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing and climate change have become major threats to aquatic eco-systems.

Sustainably unlocking the potential of seas and oceans.

The world’s marine and freshwater ecosystems – the Blue World – provide essential ecosystem services, biodiversity, food and livelihoods for hundreds of millions of people.

To achieve sustainable use of living aquatic resources, FAO actively promotes sustainable fishery and aquaculture policies and practices. The FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries (CCRF), and its related instruments, has been for 2 decades – and continues to be   the global reference framework to achieve this.

In 2013, FAO launched the Blue Growth Initiative (BGI), which builds on the CCRF. The BGI focuses on capture fisheries; aquaculture; ecosystem services; trade and social protection. It advocates ways to balance economic growth, social development, food security, and sustainable use of aquatic living resources.

Key policy messages

·        Ocean and inland fisheries and aquaculture, are among humanity’s best opportunities to serve the world’s growing population highly nutritious and safe food with a low ecological impact.

·        Major changes in how the planet's marine and freshwater resources are managed and shared are needed to safeguard global food security and ensure the wellbeing of coastal and island communities.

·        Pollution, overfishing, Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing continue to be some of the greatest threats to marine ecosystems, undermining national and regional policies to manage fisheries sustainably and conserve marine biodiversity.

·        FAO is working with governments, regional fishery bodies (RFBs), fisheries stakeholders, civil society organizations, non-governmental organizations, and through global platforms to develop, implement and monitor Blue Growth strategies.

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