Animal health


The meeting combined presentations, plenary and group discussions. International and regional organizations (i.e., FAO, ECO and WOAH) presented the global and regional perspective of FMD and PPR, opportunities that exist for FMD control and eradication of PPR, and possible support each organization may offer. A group discussion on the way...


The report includes summaries of disease situations and a review of progress in their control in the region, and lists recommendations to mitigate the impact of these diseases and improve their control in South Asia. Key challenges identified during the meeting included knowledge gaps, limited vaccine quality control, and the lack of cross-border coordination. To address these challenges, participants advocated for more harmonized and holistic approaches to TADs control and management.


FAO urges countries to increase awareness, strengthen biosecurity and improve preparedness at national, subnational and community levels to safeguard livestock and livelihoods. Specific recommendations are described within the alert. Until livestock populations are immunized with a suitable SAT2 vaccine, only rapid and effective biosecurity measures can limit the spread of the SAT2 virus.


During the past months, AI outbreaks have continued to be reported in domestic poultry and wild birds in Asia. In the past year, several AI virus subtypes, including H5N1, H5N2, H5N5, H5N6, H5N8, and H9N2 have been detected in domestic poultry and/or wild bird populations in the region.


This publication on rinderpest aims to improve knowledge and capacities to suspect and rapidly identify and control an outbreak if re-emergence occurs. It provides an overview of rinderpest eradication and illustrates the consequences of a possible re-emergence. It also describes the disease etiology and epidemiology, clinical signs, post-mortem findings, and differential diagnosis.


The 3rd meeting of the GCC-FMD was organized virtually under the umbrella of the GF-TADs, by its FMD Working Group (WG), on 25 January 2023. The purpose of the 3rd meeting was to review recommendations developed around the four thematic areas, namely (i) regional governance, (ii) public private partnership, (iii) advocacy, and (iv) technical issues (diagnostic, epidemiology, vaccines and vaccination resources) and endorse an action plan.


Improving animal health is imperative for sustainable livestock production, with wider implications for environmental preservation and human nutrition. It is not only about food security but also a step towards safeguarding human health via a One Health approach that unifies strategy that aims to sustainably balance and optimise the health of people, animals, and the environment.


This manual provides details of the Frontline In-Service Applied Veterinary Epidemiology Training (ISAVET) programme’s structure, core competencies, learning outcomes, training activities (training modules, field assignments), supervision, monitoring, and evaluation for trainees. The intended audience of the manual are individuals enrolled in the Frontline (ISAVET) at the national level.


This technical report replaces or supersedes issue-related contents in previous WHO foundational documents on oral rabies vaccination (ORV) of dogs. In contrast to the 2007 WHO recommendations, this report will shift focus from the development of suitable vaccines and baits for dogs towards providing guidance for practical implementation of ORV as a tool integrated into national strategies to control rabies in dog populations.


The 13th Global Steering Committee meeting (GSC13) was held on the 16th and 17th January 2023. This meeting was convened in a hybrid mode, allowing the participation of the GF-TADs Management committee members, the Partnerships and Financing Panel, the Global secretariat team, the chairs of Regional Steering Committee, GF-TADs Regional and Global Secretariat, representatives from resource partners, representative from private sector...


On 19 October 2023, the FAO Emergency Prevention System, based on continuous environmental monitoring and analysis of data available in the FAO Global Animal Disease Information System on the potential impact of El Niño on livestock health in the region, concluded that the risk of RVF occurrence in Eastern Africa is considered high both in animals and humans, due to favourable environmental conditions and through the movement of potentially infected animals.


This report provides an update on the progress made in the control of global priority transboundary animal diseases (TADs), which was presented by the disease working groups and secretariats at the Global Steering Committee meeting (GSC13), held during two days on 16-17 January 2023. It presents a concise summary of activities carried out under the Global Framework for the Progressive Control of Transboundary Animal Diseases (GF-TADs) umbrella from November 2021 to December 2022.


Following the detection of foot-and-mouth disease serotype SAT2 (FMD SAT2) in West Eurasia and the Near East in February 2023, a qualitative risk assessment was conducted. Serotype SAT2 usually circulates only in Africa, and so most animals in the region are fully susceptible to infection by this virus. The likelihood of spread of the FMD SAT2 to unaffected countries via key risk pathways and the potential consequences of the FMD SAT2 incursion in the region were described and assessed...


OFFLU-AIM is designed to provide information on possible antigenic changes in HPAI viruses that could reduce their effectiveness. This report focuses on goose/Guangdong/1/96-lineage A(H5Nx) viruses (gsGD). The information in this report is derived from multiple sources including antigenic studies conducted at OFFLU reference laboratories...


This document provides an overview of the activities conducted through the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Global Stockpile for Emergency Animal Diseases – a project implemented by the FAO Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases. Funded by the United States Agency for International Development, the project aims to facilitate a safe and rapid response to priority zoonotic disease outbreaks of public health importance around the globe…


This briefing note provides an overview of the activities, coverage, and objectives of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases (ECTAD). Established in 2004, FAO ECTAD plans and delivers animal health assistance to more than 49 countries responding to the threat of high-impact diseases. By helping to avoid national, regional, and global spread, the work of ECTAD contributes to protecting people and animals..


This booklet provides guidance on prevention, detection and control of African swine fever (ASF) in resource-limited settings. It is designed primarily for places where ASF is endemic with few or no prospects of eliminating the disease, and places at high risk of incursion.


Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) is a severe and highly contagious disease that has severe impacts on animal and human health, livelihoods, and the economy. At the time of the consultation, the recent panzootic had affected more than 70 countries and territories, resulting in over 11 000 disease events in both wild and domestic bird populations.


This document contains the detailed methodology and results of the literature review of One Health intelligence systems or networks carried out as part of the One Health Intelligence Scoping Study (OHISS).