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Addressing the human-wildlife conflict to improve people’s livelihoods

Human population growth increases the demand for natural resources in many parts of the world. This has led to the degradation and fragmentation of wildlife habitats, with humans and livestock encroaching on natural habitats. Wildlife is increasingly competing with humans for limited natural resources resulting in an increase in human and wildlife conflicts (HWCs). These conflicts also contribute to the increased risk for emerging infectious disease transmission.

FAO’s work on HWC is an integral part of the Wildlife and Protected Areas Management Programme, and it aims at contributing to the achievement of the SDG2 on Zero hunger and SDG15 on Life on land. FAO assists Member Countries to prevent and reduce human-wildlife conflicts by approaching it as an interrelated social and technical issue, in order to improve food security, livelihoods, and health of rural populations, and help them sustainably manage their natural resources. This infographic provides a visually easy-to-retain overview of relevant information about HWC in order to engage and inform a large audience about the complex nature of this issue, and its causes, consequences, country examples, and good management principles.

Also available in French and Spanish