Governance of Tenure

Policies and laws

The Voluntary Guidelines calls on States to provide and maintain policy and legal frameworks that promote the responsible governance of tenure. Policies, laws and procedures should be developed through participatory processes, and with opportunities for civil society, private sector and academia to contribute to the process.

Countries are increasingly using the Voluntary Guidelines to improve their policy and legal frameworks.


The new land governance policy incorporates principles of the Voluntary Guidelines, with the objective of improving food security and nutrition in rural areas, particularly among indigenous communities, and promoting stability, investments and growth in agriculture. Read more


The national land use policy is an important aspect of Myanmar’s transition and the policy is consistent with the Voluntary Guidelines, in content and in the consultative and participatory process that was used. Read more



The draft pastoral land law uses the Voluntary Guidelines as the reference set of principles. The Voluntary Guidelines helped to launch a multi-stakeholder process for the drafting of the law.  Read more




A national multi-stakeholder platform on the Voluntary Guidelines, supported by a steering committee, has emerged as an important forum to discuss and inform the national land policy document. Read more


Sierra Leone

The Voluntary Guidelines are reflecting in the preparation and content of the new national land policy. Legal reviews in the context of the Voluntary Guidelines is informing changes in other policies and laws addressing land tenure, fisheries tenure and forest tenure. Read more