19-21 November 2014, FAO Headquarters, Rome, Italy
The Second International Conference on Nutrition (ICN2) was a high-level intergovernmental meeting that focused global attention on addressing malnutrition in all its forms. Over 2 200 participants attended the meeting, including representatives from more than 170 governments, 150 representatives from civil society and nearly 100 from the business community. In addition to plenary sessions held on November 19th, 20th and 21st, several pre-conference events for parliamentarians, civil society and the private sector, as well as round tables and side events, provided a forum for participants to delve deeper into specific nutrition issues. The two main outcome documents–the Rome Declaration on Nutrition and the Framework for Action—were endorsed by participating governments at the conference, committing world leaders to establishing national policies aimed at eradicating malnutrition and transforming food systems to make nutritious diets available to all.
- Malnutrition stops people from achieving their potential and reduces their productivity. This has negative social and economic consequences.
- 2 billion people–around 1/3 of the developing world population–suffer from vitamin or mineral (micronutrient) deficiencies.
- Micronutrient deficiencies lead to poor growth and ill health, including blindness, brain damage and early death.
- 42 million children under 5 are overweight. More than 500 million adults are obese.
- Unhealthy diet and lack of exercise account for almost 10% of global disease and disability burden.
- Malnutrition (hunger, micronutrient deficiencies and obesity) costs an estimated $2.8-3.5 trillion, or 4-5% of global GDP. That's $400-500 per person.
- 200 million fewer people are undernourished today than 20 years ago, but 805 million people still go to bed hungry every day–that's 1 in 9 people.
- 161 million children under 5 are stunted (low height-for-age). Stunting is irreversible, and has severe consequences for health and development.
- 51 million children under 5 are wasted (low weight-for-height), 17 million are severely wasted. Wasting increases the risk of child death from infectious diseases.
- 99 million children under 5 are underweight (low weight-for-age) with severe consequences for health and the development of individuals and society.