Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture





Global Plans of Action

 
The Global Plan of Action for the Conservation and Sustainable Utilization of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture

In 1996, the FAO International Technical Conference on Plant Genetic Resources, for which the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture had acted as preparatory committee, adopted the Global Plan of Action for the Conservation and Sustainable Utilization of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture and the Leipzig Declaration.

Subsequently the Global Plan of Action was endorsed by the FAO Conference, the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity and by Heads of State and Government at the World Food Summit. The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, adopted by the FAO Conference in 2001, makes reference to the Global Plan of Action as one of its supporting components.

The Global Plan of Action is intended as a framework, guide and catalyst for action at community, national, regional and international levels. It contains a set of recommendations and priority activities as a response to the gaps and challenges identified in The State of the World’s Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture.  It seeks to create an efficient system for the conservation and sustainable use of plant genetic resources, through better cooperation, coordination and planning and through the strengthening of capacities. The Commission oversees, monitors and evaluates the implementation of the Global Plan of Action.

As a follow-up to the Second Report on the State of the World’s Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, the Commission decided to up-date the rolling Global Plan of Action  with a view to adopt it, at its Thirteenth Regular Session.

FAO, in collaboration with its partners, has established a Facilitating Mechanism to foster the implementation of the Global Plan of Action.

 
The Global Plan of Action for Animal Genetic Resources

In 2007, the FAO International Technical Conference on Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, for which the Commission had acted as a preparatory committee, adopted the Global Plan of Action for Animal Genetic Resources and the Interlaken Declaration. The FAO Conference endorsed the outcomes of the Interlaken Conference as a major contribution of FAO to the overall international framework on agricultural biodiversity. The FAO Conference requested the Commission to oversee and assess its implementation.

The Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity welcomed the Global Plan of Action and invited its Contracting Parties, other Governments, indigenous and local communities, farmers, pastoralists, animal breeders, relevant organizations and other stakeholders to ensure its effective implementation (Decision IX/1).

The Global Plan of Action aims to provide a framework to support and increase the overall effectiveness of national, regional and global efforts for the sustainable use, development and conservation of animal genetic resources, and to facilitate mobilization of resources, including adequate financial resources, development of institutions, human resources and cooperative frameworks. It aims to promote a pragmatic, systematic and efficient overall approach, which harmoniously addresses these issues.

In 2009, the FAO Conference welcomed the adoption of the Funding Strategy for the implementation of the Global Plan of Action for Animal Genetic Resources.