Technical Platform on the Measurement and Reduction of Food Loss and Waste

Grains and Pulses
A holistic approach to food loss reduction in Africa

This paper highlights the critical need for a paradigm shift of current research and development programs aimed at food loss reduction, as demonstrated by findings of a project implemented in Burkina Faso, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Uganda by the United Nations Rome-based Agencies (RBAs) – The Food and...

Estimation of nutritional postharvest losses along food value chains

Postharvest losses (PHLs) amplify food insecurity and reduce the amount of nutrients available to vulnerable populations, especially in the world's Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs). However, little is known about nutrient loss at the various postharvest stages. The objective of our study was to develop a methodology and a...

Critical stages for post-harvest losses and nutrition outcomes in the value chains of bush beans and nightshade in Uganda

The reduction of post-harvest losses (PHLs) has been identified as a key pathway to food and nutrition security in sub-Saharan Africa. However, despite policy prioritisation, knowledge about the severity of PHLs remains scant, especially when it comes to nutrient-dense crops such as African nightshade and bush beans. Therefore, this paper...

A handful of wheat seeds

Based on the findings achieved, recommendations are made to cover the various aspects of the whole food supply chain (FSC) and to aim at more efficiency and higher levels of productivity. Our findings have significant implications by estimating the FLW baseline indicator and providing the different stakeholders of FSC with the optimal actions to do to reduce FLW rates.


This brochure highlights the achievements and results of a project jointly developed and implemented by the three United Nations (UN) Rome-based agencies (RBA) FAO, IFAD, and WFP from 2013 to 2020, funded by the Swiss Development and Cooperation Agency, that contributes towards the AU Malabo declaration and SDG targets for...

Amélioration de la gestion des pertes après-récolte dans les filières céréales et légumineuses au Burkina Faso

Cette note d’orientation politique est basée sur les travaux de l’atelier de consultation national qui s’est tenu à Ouagadougou au Burkina Faso le 15 mars 2017, dans le cadre du projet «Intégration des initiatives pour la réduction des pertes alimentaires pour les petits producteurs dans les zones à déficit alimentaire» décrit ci-après.


Deux études ont été conduites au Burkina Faso pour une analyse approfondie des pertes après-récolte et de leurs causes le long des chaînes d’approvisionnement (CA) du sorgho, du maïs et du niébé.La première étude sur le terrain des pertes après-récolte a été conduite entre les mois d’octobre 2015 et d’avril...


Deux études ont été conduites en République Démocratique du Congo (RDC) pour une analyse appro-fondie des pertes après-récolte et de leurs causes le long des chaînes d’approvisionnement (CA) du maïs et du riz.La première étude sur le terrain des pertes après-récolte a été conduite entre les mois d’avril et septem-bre...

Food loss analysis: causes and solutions. The Republic of Uganda. Beans, maize, and sunflower studies

A food loss analysis study was undertaken along the maize, sunflower and beans supply chains in Uganda.The maize supply chain (grain and flour) and the sunflower supply chain(grain, oil and seed cake) selected are those found in Apac and Lira districts, in the Lango subregion, northern Uganda. More specifically for...

Guidelines on the measurement of harvest and post-harvest losses

Guidelines on the measurement of harvest and post-harvest losses. The testing of measurement methods on crop losses at farm level is necessary to assess their relevance, cost-efficiency and replicability, before recommending them to countries. The pilot survey undertaken in Ghana and described in this document concerns measurement of post-harvest losses (PHL) on the farm.


The postharvest loss (PHL) assessment was conducted using FAO methodology, which involves preliminary screening, survey, load tracking and sampling assessment and solution finding.


La totalité de la production agricole idestinée à l’alimentation humaine ne parvient pas à ses destinataires en raison de pertes au cours de la phase dite de « post-récolte » qui comporte les étapes entre la récolte et la transformation des produits pour l’alimentation. Dans le contexte d’augmentation de la...

Food losses and waste: how Brazil is facing this global challenge?

This present report is a review of relevant literature, which includes publications manuals, methodologies and guidelines on estimating post-harvest losses of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), as well as publications by other institutions, international organizations and relevant country experiences on estimating post-harvest losses.


Oilseeds such as mustard, Niger seed, rape, sesame, soybean or sunflower offer a range of opportunities for small farmers, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Oilseed crushing can range from a large industrial scale to manual processing on farm as a small scale agro-enterprise. Home utilization of the edible oils is of great nutritional value and the protein rich by-product “cake” is fed to livestock.

P4P Training Manual for Improving Grain Postharvest Handling and Storage

The materials in this manual serve as a basic tool for different levels of PHHS trainers working in different contexts and with different end users, with the objective of improving the quality of grain being offered for sale to WFP and other buyers. The manual includes detailed reference materials and...


Cowpea is a legume that is extensively grown, particularly throughout sub-Saharan Africa. It is a subsistence crop, often intercropped with sorghum, maize and pearl millet. The peas provide valuable protein, the leaves are used as a nutritious vegetable and the rest of the plant serves for animal feed. The plants are drought tolerant and grow well on relatively poor soils. The peas can be consumed fresh or removed from the pods and dried.


Barley is grown in about 70 million hectares in the world. Global production is 160 million tons. Developing countries accounts for about 18 % (26 million tons) of total barley production and 25 % (18.5 million hectares) of the total harvested area in the world.


Soybean is a useful oil and protein source and can be used to improve the nutritional value of traditional foods. The beans are processed to give soy flour, meal or milk products and the oil can be extracted leaving a meal which is used for animal feed.


Groundnut is rich in oil and protein and has a high-energy value. The largest producers are China, India, Nigeria and the United States of America, but many other African and South American countries also have sizeable production. Groundnut provides high-quality cooking oil and is an important source of protein for both human and animal diets.


Maize is widely grown throughout the world and has the highest production of all the cereals with 817 million tonnes being produced in 2009 (FAOSTAT). It is an important food staple in many countries, as well as being used in animal feed and many industrial applications. The crop has tremendous genetic variability, which enables it to thrive in tropical, subtropical, and temperate climates.