Technical Platform on the Measurement and Reduction of Food Loss and Waste

Fruits and vegetables Publications

On 14 December 2021, the European Food Banks Federation organised its Annual Forum on Food Aid and Social Inclusion with the title “Fruits and vegetables for human development: let’s take action!”. This conference is organised by FEBA together with Italmercati. On this ocassion, we bring together distinguished speakers addressing the...


Guidance for stakeholders in the horticultural supply chain. Good post-harvest handling is important in maintaining the quality and safety of papayas as they are transported from the farm to the market.




This brochure was developed to display the results of the FAO Technical Cooperation Project: TCP/TIM/3310, Capacity-development to reduce post-harvest losses in horticultural chains in Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) countries. Improvement in the implementation of good practice in post-harvest handling to assure safety were piloted. This brochure aims to provide information on...


Cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis) is a cash crop and is one of the most widely consumed vegetables in SAARC countries. It is consumed for its nutritional value and health benefit. Cauliflower is rich in nutrients and in phytochemicals (glucosinolates) that can lower the risk of cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Aside from its nutritional value, cauliflower production and marketing offer many economic opportunities in the region especially for smallholder farmers.


Mango (Mangifera indica L.) is one of the most important fruit crops produced in SAARC countries. The fruit has excellent overall eating characteristics. Ripe mangoes are consumed in the fresh form and are used as ingredients in the preparation of confectionery, ice cream, sherbets, and bakery products.


Guidance for horticultural supply chain stakeholders. Snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) ranks 6th as the most demanded vegetable in Sri Lanka. It is produced mostly on small farms. The peak harvest seasons for snap beans are March – April and September – December.


Guidance for horticultural supply chain stakeholders Mango is one of the most important and popular fruits in Bangladesh and is referred to as the “king of fruits” because of its excellent overall eating characteristics. It is consumed as a fresh fruit, in the frozen, preserved or dried forms or is processed into juices, purees, chutneys and pickles. Ripe mangoes are best eaten as fresh fruit, usually as a dessert and are used in the production of confectionery, ice cream, and bakery products.


Mandarin (Citrus reticulate Blanco) is an important fruit crop grown in SAARC countries. Almost all mandarin fruits are marketed domestically, although small volumes are exported by producing countries to other countries within and outside the region. Known for its excellent flavor and nutritional value, the easy-to-peel fruit is commonly consumed in the fresh form or in fruit salad preparations as well as in the form of fresh juice.


Snap beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) are among the most important vegetables produced in SAARC countries. They are mainly grown by smallholders and are marketed domestically. As a vegetable, snap beans are high in protein and soluble fiber and low in calories.


The winter tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) is one of the most popular vegetables produced in SAARC countries. It is grown during the winter season under protected cultivation using nets to protect fruit from bird infestation. Winter tomatoes are cultivated by small holders and are sold on the domestic market. They are consumed in the fresh form or are used as ingredients in many cooked dishes.


Banana (Musa sapientum) is one of the leading fruit crops produced in SAARC countries. Bananas are popularly consumed both in the fresh and cooked forms. Bananas are a rich source of carbohydrate and vitamins and particularly vitamin A. They are also a rich source of potassium, phosphorous calcium and magnesium. Banana production and marketing offers many economic opportunities in the region, and particularly for smallholder farmers.


Guidance for horticultural supply chain stakeholders. Bananas are grown in Timor-Leste for their economic and nutritional value. A number of banana cultivars are produced by smallholder farmers mainly for domestic consumption. Ripened bananas are consumed as dessert fruit. Immature or green bananas are consumed in the cooked state and are processed into chips. Bananas provide a good source of energy.


Guidance for horticultural supply chain stakeholders. Cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis) is a cash crop and the number one vegetable crop in terms of production and value in Nepal. The popularity and high consumer demand for cauliflower stem from its nutritional quality and health benefits. Cauliflower contains high levels of Vitamins C and B, calcium (Ca), Iron (Fe) and phosphorus (P) and is known to have health promoting benefits.


Guidance for horticultural supply chain stakeholders. Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) is a vegetable crop popularly consumed in Bangladesh. It is commonly used for table consumption in fresh form or as an ingredient in many cooked dishes.

Food loss assessment of cassava, tomato and potato value chains in Cameroon (in French)

L’initiative Save Food a conçu des études de cas sur les chaînes d’approvisionnement alimentaire pour les principaux sous-secteurs alimentaires des pays en voie de développement. Ces études de cas permettront de générer des données primaires et empiriques sur les différentes causes de perte alimentaire, et d’analyser la faisabilité des différentes...


Dans sa logique de facilitation des relations d’affaires entre ses différentes institutions et partenaires, l’ambassade des Pays Bas près le Bénin a servi de pont pour établir la collaboration entre le programme ACMA, Post Harvest network (PHN) et le réseau AgriProFocus (APF). L’objectif de cette mise en relation est d’explorer...

Policy Measures for managing quality and reducing postharvest losses in fresh produce supply chain in South Asian countries.

Smallholders and traders are key stakeholders in fruit and vegetable supply chains supplying local mass markets across South Asian countries. Training these stakeholders and introducing simple technical innovations into these supply chains can dramatically improve the quality and shelf-life of fresh produce and reduce losses, thereby generating economic benefits for...

Developing the cold chain in the agrifood sector in sub-Saharan Africa

This policy brief is based on the proceedings of the Re- gional workshop on the use of the cold chain in the development of agriculture and agro- industries in sub-Saharan Africa, organized in Yaoundé (Cameroon) in June 2012. The workshop brought together speakers from diverse backgrounds to analyse findings from...


Papaya (Pawpaw) is an early-bearing, space-conserving, herbaceous crop requiring a tropical climate. It is fast growing and has a single straight or sometimes branched stem reaching 2-10 m height. With the development of better cultivation techniques, new varieties, improved crop handling and post-harvest technologies, papaya is gaining importance in the world tropical fruit market.