Statistics
 
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Agri-Environment statistics

New data on Greenhouse Gas emissions Intensities
FAO released in FAOSTAT new data on emissions intensities. This new data domain provides basic information on the amount of greenhouse gases emitted per unit agricultural product, within the farm gate, for meat, milk, eggs, rice and other cereals, by country and year, over the period 1961-2014. They are based on FAOSTAT emissions and production data, and will be updated each year as new data for the underlying statistics become available.

 

Global methane budget and recent trends

Image result for grey square New analysis suggests that a likely explanation of the recent rapid rise in global methane concentrations is in large part driven by increased biogenic emissions mostly from agriculture, rather than increases from fossil fuels or wetlands

Image result for grey square Unlike CO2, atmospheric methane concentrations are now rising faster than at any time in the past two decades and, since 2014, are approaching the most greenhouse-gas-intensive scenarios. The reasons for this increase are still debated.

Image result for red square Global methane budget 2000-2012

Image result for red square The Global Methane Budget: 2000-2012 in Earth System Science Data 

Did you know?

• 38 percent of the world land area is used for agriculture and... 31 percent of the world land area is forest
• The area of permanent crops nearly doubled from 1961 to 2014, reaching over 160 million ha
• The global forest area steadily declined in the past two decades, by nearly 5 million ha per year over the period
• The share of cattle in total livestock declined from 62 to 53 percent in the period 1961 –2014 while… the share of chickens increased from nearly 4 to 12 percent over the same period

Agri-Environmental Indicators 

Agri-Environmental Indicators (AEI) facilitate evidence-based decision making by helping to monitor environmental performance of agriculture activities, identifying critical trends in resource use and production activities.

The FAOSTAT Agri-Environmental Indicators were first released in 2011 in collaboration with the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and Eurostat. Based primarily on country statistics received by FAO from member countries, the FAOSTAT AEI’s extend the EUROSTAT and OECD set to worldwide coverage for those indicators common to the three organizations. New FAOSTAT AEIs further expand the original FAO-OECD-EUROSTAT set to include new climate-change relevant indicators, incuding AEI-Emissions by Sector, AEI-Emissions Intensities, AEI-Land Cover and AEI-Temperature Change (forthcoming).

The FAOSTAT domains AEI-Fertilizers; AEI-Land Use; AEI-Livestock Patterns; AEI-Pesticides and AEI-Emissions Intensities were revised in 2017, providing longer time series, automatically updated using the most recent FAOSTAT data. New domains currently in test mode, on AEI-Land Cover and AEI-Temperature Change are based by contrast on external geospatial products, developed in cooperation with ESA and NASA, respectively.

FAOSTAT AEIs data provide useful information to member countries for policy-relevant analyses at national, regional and global level on key agricultural trends linked to environment. Support towards development of specific SDGs indicators is provided under the AIE-Land Use domain, which includes estimates of 15.1.1, share of forest area in total country area, and AEI-Land Cover, which provides estimates useful for the Land Cover sub-component of 15.3.1 Proportion of Land that is degraded.

The FAOSTAT AEI Indicators are aligned with international statistical standards such as the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting and the Framework for the Development of Environmental Statistics.

The FAO Agri-environmental dataset currently includes the following indicators and supporting indicators:

 Air & Climate Change (ammonia emissions from agriculture)
 Energy (use in agriculture and bio-energy production)
 Fertilizers (use in cropland area)
 Land Use (shares of land uses in land, agricultural and forest areas)
 Land Cover (forthcoming)
• Livestock Patterns (stocks, density and share)
• Pesticides (use in cropland area)
• Soil (erosion, degradation and carbon)
• Water (withdrawal for agriculture)
• Emissions by sector (emissions and shares by sector and gas)
• Emissions intensities (GHG emissions intensity per agricultural commodity)
• Temperature change (forthcoming)

Basic datasets

FAO Statistics carries out regular collection and dissemination of statistics on land use; production, trade and use of fertilizers; production and consumption for major pesticides groups (insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, plant growth regulators and rodenticides) and seed treatments.

GHG emissions from agriculture
As countries become more accountable for reporting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, demand for data and information from a diverse stakeholder community grows. One such need is for the annual inventories of GHG emissions and removals related to agriculture, which countries submit periodically to the United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The data required for this reporting present a unique challenge to inventory compilers, especially from developing countries, because of the lack of national data and technical capacity to monitor, collect and analyse relevant information.

FAO has developed a global inventory on greenhouse gas emissions from all agriculture sectors, in cooperation with the Natural Resources Department. The default IPCC/UNFCCC Tier 1 methodology is applied to derive estimates of GHG emissions associated with each activity, which is a key deliverable of the Monitoring and Assessment of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Mitigation Potential in Agriculture (MAGHG) Project, funded by Germany and Norway and part of the Natural Resources Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture Programme (MICCA) at FAO. The dataset is based on input data from FAOSTAT and the Forest Resource Assessment (FRA) data on agriculture and land-use change activities officially reported by countries.

Agri-Environmental Indicators
Agri-Environmental Indicators (AEI) are key tools to monitor the environmental performance of agriculture and track trends in the environmental impacts, as well as to provide policy makers and citizens with useful information to assess the effects of the integration of environmental concerns into policy measures.

The statistics division will soon be launching the AEI database, which follows the OECD and EUROSTAT frameworks in order to gain from the theoretical background already developed by these institutions. The new dataset will extend the geographical coverage to all FAO member countries, based on the availability of information.

The FAO Agri-Environmental dataset currently includes 17 indicators described by 59 data series, which monitor a variety of domains: air and climate, land, fertilizers, pesticides, livestock, soil, water, and energy. It is organised into driving forces, pressure, state, and responses. Data and derived indicators come from FAOSTAT, other FAO databases, as well as from other international organizations according to the different fields.

Basic datasets
FAO Statistics carries out regular collection and dissemination of statistics on land use; production, trade and use of fertilizers; production and consumption for major pesticides groups (insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, plant growth regulators and rodenticides) and seed treatments.