Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life (Committee on World Food Security, 2009).
Adequate food was declared a basic human right over half a century ago. However, tens of millions of people in the world do not have access to enough food for an active and healthy life. Information regarding the distribution and severity of hunger and food insecurity can contribute to building political will, designing effective policies, and targeting allocation of resources to effectively realize this basic human right.
The Food Insecurity Experience Scale: an experience-based food insecurity measure
Evidence-based decision making can be strengthened through the availability of timely and frequently collected data at the country level. In many countries, the capacity and national budgets for data collection and analysis are limited, making it difficult to understand the food insecurity situation in the country and to develop strategies to address it.
FAO’s Voices of the Hungry (VoH) project is developing a new global standard for estimating the prevalence of food insecurity through use of a tool called the Food Insecurity Experience Scale (FIES).