Food and Agriculture Statistics

Emissions from agriculture and forest land. Global, regional and country trends 1990–2019

The FAOSTAT Emissions database provides estimates of emissions from crop and livestock production, emissions and removals from land use, land use change and fossil fuel energy use, at the country, regional and global levels. Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions due to agriculture are generated both within the farm gate by crop and livestock production activities, and through land use change processes at the conversion boundary between natural ecosystems and agricultural land. Together they contribute about 20 percent of total emissions from all human activities.

The latest statistics from FAO include data for the 1990-2019 period, mapping relevant emissions within and across the farm-gate/land use production boundaries. For the first time, users will be able to also download and compare to the FAO estimates the official country data that are regularly reported to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Conclusions and recommendations from the 18th meeting of UNFCCC Inventory Lead Reviewers highlighted the FAO data resources as an authoritative supporting data source for reviews.


Download FAOSTAT Analytical Brief


FAOSTAT domains: 

Emissions Totals

Emissions Shares 

Emissions Intensities 


Useful links 

Greenhouse gas emissions from food systems: building the evidence base

Forest land emissions and removals brief  

Carbon emissions and removals from forests: new estimates, 1990–2020

Drainage of organic soils and GHG emissions: validation with country data  

Global carbon Budget 2019 paper

Critical adjustment of land mitigation pathways for assessing countries’ climate progress

UNFCCC website

UNFCCC 18th Meeting of Greenhouse gas inventory Lead Reviewers

Conclusions and recommendations from the 18th meeting of greenhouse gas inventory lead reviewers

The consolidated European synthesis of CO2 emissions and removals for the European Union and United Kingdom: 1990–2018 

The consolidated European synthesis of CH4 and N2O emissions for the European Union and United Kingdom: 1990–2017