Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
Background Study Papers





Background Study Papers

BACKGROUND STUDY PAPER No.

TITLE

Background Study Paper No.66

Ecosystem Services Provided by Livestock Species and Breeds, with Special Consideration to the Contribution of Small-Scale Livestock Keepers and Pastoralists

Background Study Paper No.65

Status and Trends of the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Micro-Organisms in Food Processes

Background Study Paper No.64

Status and Trends of the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Microorganisms in Agroindustrial Processes

Background Study Paper No.63

The Conservation and Use of Micro-Organisms and Invertebrates in Root Crop-Based Systems: State of Knowledge, Trends and Future Prospects

Background Study Paper No.62

Invertebrates in Rice Production Systems: Status and Trends

Background Study Paper No.61

Micro-organisms and Ruminant Digestion: State of Knowledge, Trends and Future Prospects

Background Study Paper No.60

Economics of PGRFA Management for Adaptation to Climate Change: A Review of Selected Literature

Background Study Paper No.59 

Access and Benefit-Sharing for Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture – Current Use and Exchange Practices, Commonalities, Differences and User Community Needs - Report from a Multi-Stakeholder Expert Dialogue

Background Study Paper No.58

Trends in Intellectual Property Rights Relating to Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture

Background Study Paper No.57 

Climate Change and Micro-Organism Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture: State of Knowledge, Risks and Opportunities

Background Study Paper No.56

Climate Change and Forest Genetic Resources – State of Knowledge, Risks and Opportunities

Background Study Paper No.55 

Climate Change and Aquatic Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture: State of Knowledge, Risks and Opportunities

Background Study Paper No.54

Climate Change and Invertebrate Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture: State of Knowledge, Risks and Opportunities

Background Study Paper No.53

Climate Change and Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture: State of Knowledge, Risks and Opportunities

Background Study Paper No.52

Biotechnologies for the Management of Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture

Background Study Paper No.51 

Options to promote food security: on-farm management and in situ conservation of plant resources for food and agriculture 

Background Study Paper No.50

Threats to animal genetic resources - their relevance, importance and opportunities to decrease their impact

Background Study Paper No.49 

Trends in intellectual property rights relating to genetic resources for food and agriculture 

Background Study Paper No.48 

The impact of climate change on countries' interdependence on genetic resources for food and agriculture

Background Study Paper No.47

The use and exchange of biological control agents for food and agriculture
(available also in F)

Background Study Paper No.46

The use and exchange of microbial genetic resources for food and agriculture 

Background Study Paper No.45

The use and exchange of aquatic genetic resources for food and agriculture

Background Study Paper No.44

The use and exchange of forest genetic resources for food and agriculture 

Background Study Paper No.43

The use and exchange of animal genetic resources for food and agriculture 

Background Study Paper No.42

Framework study on food security and access and benefit-sharing for genetic resources for food and agriculture 

Background Study Paper No.41

Climate change and biodiversity for food and agriculture: taking systemic and second order effects into account 

Background Study Paper No.40

Plant genetic resources of grassland and forage species

Background Study Paper No.39

Establishment of a Network for the in situ conservation of crop wild relatives: status and needs

Background Study Paper No.38

The sustainable management of biodiversity for biological control in food and agriculture: status and needs

Background Study Paper No.37

Status and trends in aquatic genetic resources: a basis for international policy

Background Study Paper No.36

Technical review of status and trends of the world's forest genetic resources

Background Study Paper No.35 Rev.1

A typology of the effects of (trans)gene flow on the conservation and sustainable use of genetic resources

Background Study Paper No.34

Genomics and genetic resources for food and agriculture

Background Study Paper No.33

The state of development of biotechnologies as they relate to the management of animal genetic resources and their potential application in developing countries

Background Study Paper No.32

The impact of disasters and emergencies on animal genetic resources

Background Study Paper No.31

Policy and criteria for the Funding Strategy for the implementation of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture

Background Study Paper No.30

Options for Non-monetary Benefit-sharing: An inventory

Background Study Paper No.29

Report on the Types of Funding and Assistance and Institutions with Relevant Mandates to the Funding Strategy of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture

Background Study Paper No.28

Environmental effects on animal genetic resources

Background Study Paper No.27

Commercial practice in the use of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture
(available also in F, S, A, C)

Background Study Paper No.26

Methods of Expressing Acceptance of the Terms and Conditions of MTAs: Shrink-wrap and click-wrap agreements
(available also in F, S, A, C)

Background Study Paper No.25

International Arbitration
(available also in F, S, A, C)

Background Study Paper No.24

The Legal Framework for the Management of Animal Genetic Resources

Background Study Paper No.23

An Analysis of Effectiveness in Plant Genetic Resources Networks

Background Study Paper No.22

Conservation Strategies for Animal Genetic Resources

Background Study Paper No.21

The Economics of Farm Animal Genetic Resources Conservation and Sustainable Use: Why is it important and what have we learned?

Background Study Paper No.20

Compliance Building under the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
(available also in F, S, A, C)

Background Study Paper No.19

The role of Law in realising the potential and avoiding the risks of modern biotechnology. Selected issues of relevance to food and agriculture

Background Study Paper No.18

Opportunities for incorporating genetic elements into the management of farm animal diseases: policy issues

Background Study Paper No.17

Recent developments related to biotechnology that are relevant to the analysis of the survey on the Code of Conduct
(available also in F)

Background Study Paper No.16

A summary and analysis of existing international plant genetic resources networks

Background Study Paper No.15

Potential impacts of Genetic Use Restriction Technologies (GURTs) on agrobiodiversity and agricultural productions systems

Background Study Paper No.14

Transaction costs of germplasm exchange under bilateral agreements

Background Study Paper No.13

Financing treaty operations and implementation: a survey of mechanisms

Background Study Paper No.12

Crops proposed for the Multilateral System: centres of diversity, locations of ex situ collections, and major producing countries

Background Study Paper No.11

Nutritional value of some of the crops under discussion in the development of a Multilateral System

Background Study Paper No.10

Recent developments in biotechnology as they relate to animal genetic resources for food and agriculture

Background Study Paper No.9

Recent developments in biotechnology as they relate to plant genetic resources for food and agriculture

Background Study Paper No.8

Access to plant genetic resources and intellectual property rights

Background Study Paper No.7

Contribution to the estimation of countries' interdependence in the area of plant genetic resources
(available also in F, S, A, C)

Background Study Paper No.6

Genetic improvements for maintaining diversity in agricultural crops
(Spanish only, with Summary in English and French)

Background Study Paper No.5

Information on ex situ collections maintained in botanic gardens
(available also in F, S, A, C)

Background Study Paper No.4

Identifying genetic resources and their origin: the capabilities and limitations of modern biochemical and legal systems

Background Study Paper No.3

Providing Farmers' Rights through in situ conservation of crop genetic resources

Background Study Paper No.2

Sovereign and property rights over plant genetic resources
(available also in F, S, A, C)

Background Study Paper No.1

The appropriation of the benefits of plant genetic resources for agriculture: an economic analysis of the alternative mechanisms for biodiversity conservation