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South-South and Triangular Cooperation

South-South Cooperation is the mutual sharing and exchange of development solutions - knowledge, experiences and good practices, policies, technology and resources - between and among countries in the global South.

Triangular Cooperation involves partnerships between two or more developing countries along with a third partner, typically a traditional resource partner and/or multilateral organization.

South-South Cooperation (SSC) is playing a greater role than ever before in tackling food insecurity. Global demand for southern development solutions that have been tested and proven effective is at an all-time high.

SSC is a cost-effective means to share development solutions and enhance capacities. FAO plays a major role in facilitating South-South and Triangular Cooperation to achieve food security, poverty reduction and sustainable agriculture. Its efforts focus on:

  • facilitating the exchange and sharing of development solutions, providing practical guidance and support to ensure high quality knowledge sharing (short-, medium- and long-term exchanges, learning routes, study tours and training);
  • fostering knowledge management and networks, connecting South-South solution providers with seekers (supply and demand), scaling up knowledge sharing and enhancing two-way learning among a wide range of southern actors;
  • facilitating upstream policy support, including policy dialogue and knowledge sharing among policy-makers; and
  • fostering an enabling environment, mobilizing broader partnerships and resources and raising the visibility of the value of SSC.