Food and Agriculture Statistics

Trade of agricultural commodities 2000–2020

The FAOSTAT Trade data domain disseminates statistics on the international trade of food and agricultural products for the period of 1961–2020. The food and agricultural trade datasets are collected, processed and disseminated by FAO according to the standard International Merchandise Trade Statistics Methodology. The detailed tariff line data for reporting countries (import and export quantities, animal numbers and dollar values for total and bilateral flows) are mainly obtained from the United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) for the world excluding the European Union, while the raw data from European countries are obtained from EUROSTAT and national authorities as needed. Trade partner data are used for non reporting countries together with other alternative data sources. 

The latest dataset analyzes the period 2000-2020. According to the latest data, the value of global agricultural exports in 2020 is 3.7 times higher in nominal terms than it was in 2000, while the share of agriculture in total merchandise trade value went from 6.3 percent in 2000 to 8.5 percent in 2020. Fruit and vegetables accounted for 22 percent of the total value of food (excluding fish) exports in 2020, followed by cereals and preparations and meat and meat preparations.


Download FAOSTAT Analytical brief

FAOSTAT Crops and livestock products trade domain and Detailed trade matrix