Global Forum on Food Security and Nutrition (FSN Forum)

Member profile

Ms. Sunita Kumari Meena

Organization: Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Pusa, Samastipur
Country: India
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Ms. Sunita Kumari Meena is a highly accomplished professional currently serving as an Assistant Professor at RPCAU (Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University) in Pusa, Bihar. Her expertise in agriculture has led to significant contributions in both research and education, with a particular focus on crop science and agricultural extension.
In her role as an Assistant Professor, Ms. Sunita Kumari Meena actively engages in teaching, mentoring, and guiding students pursuing agricultural studies. Her commitment to imparting knowledge and fostering a deep understanding of crop science is commendable. She employs innovative teaching methodologies and practical demonstrations to ensure effective comprehension among her students.
Beyond her teaching responsibilities, Ms. Meena plays a pivotal role in research activities at RPCAU. Her research endeavors concentrate on crop improvement, agronomy, and sustainable farming practices. Through field trials, experiments, and meticulous data analysis, she explores novel techniques to enhance crop productivity, refine agricultural methodologies, and address challenges encountered by farmers.
Ms. Sunita Kumari Meena's expertise also extends to agricultural extension services, where she collaborates closely with farmers and rural communities. By actively engaging with farmers, she identifies their needs, offers technical guidance, and disseminates pertinent information on modern farming techniques and best agricultural practices. Her objective is to empower farmers with the knowledge and resources necessary to boost agricultural productivity and uplift their livelihoods.
Throughout her career, Ms. Meena has been a proactive participant in seminars, conferences, and workshops pertaining to crop science and agricultural development. Additionally, her research contributions have been published in esteemed scientific journals, enriching the scientific community's understanding of crop science and sustainable agriculture.
Ms. Sunita Kumari Meena has an outstanding publication track record, having authored more than 50 publications with an impressive h-index of 19 and i10-index of 22, accumulating over 2000 citations. Her extensive research output underscores her significant impact and influence in the realm of agricultural academia.

With an unwavering commitment to education, research excellence, and community outreach, Ms. Sunita Kumari Meena assumes a pivotal role in driving agricultural innovations and uplifting farmers at RPCAU, Pusa. Her steadfast dedication, expertise, and profound contributions in the field of agriculture establish her as an indispensable asset, both within the institution and across the broader agricultural landscape.

This member contributed to:

    • Integrating biodiversity into agriculture is crucial for promoting ecological sustainability, enhancing resilience, and ensuring food security. By adopting best practices and scalable solutions, we can effectively harness the synergies between agricultural production and biodiversity conservation, contributing to multiple Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) including SDG 2 (Zero Hunger), SDG 13 (Climate Action), SDG 15 (Life on Land), and SDG 17 (Partnerships for the Goals).

      One of the key best practices is agroecology, which emphasizes the design and management of agricultural systems that mimic natural ecosystems. Agroecological approaches such as polyculture, agroforestry, and crop rotation promote biodiversity by enhancing habitat diversity, minimizing chemical inputs, and improving soil health. These practices not only increase agricultural productivity but also support the conservation of native flora and fauna, contributing to SDG 15.

      Additionally, the use of indigenous and traditional knowledge can enhance biodiversity conservation in agriculture. Indigenous farming systems often incorporate diverse crop varieties, livestock breeds, and agroforestry practices that have evolved over generations to adapt to local environmental conditions. By integrating indigenous knowledge with modern agricultural techniques, we can promote biodiversity conservation while respecting cultural diversity and traditional livelihoods, aligning with SDG 11 (Sustainable Cities and Communities) and SDG 12 (Responsible Consumption and Production).

      Furthermore, ecosystem-based approaches such as habitat restoration and landscape management can help restore degraded ecosystems and promote biodiversity conservation in agricultural landscapes. Restoring natural habitats such as wetlands, riparian zones, and grasslands within and around agricultural areas can provide critical habitat for native species, enhance pollination services, and improve water quality. These efforts contribute to SDG 6 (Clean Water and Sanitation) and SDG 14 (Life Below Water) by safeguarding freshwater ecosystems and marine biodiversity.

      Another effective strategy is the implementation of agrobiodiversity conservation initiatives, which focus on preserving and promoting the genetic diversity of crops, livestock, and wild relatives. This involves the conservation of traditional crop varieties, heirloom seeds, and indigenous livestock breeds that possess unique traits such as drought tolerance, pest resistance, and nutritional value. By conserving agrobiodiversity, we can enhance the resilience of agricultural systems to climate change, pests, and diseases, supporting SDG 13.

      Furthermore, creating enabling policy and institutional frameworks is essential for scaling up biodiversity-friendly agricultural practices. Governments can develop policies that incentivize farmers to adopt biodiversity conservation measures through subsidies, payments for ecosystem services, and market-based mechanisms. Strengthening land tenure rights, promoting community-based natural resource management, and integrating biodiversity considerations into agricultural planning and land-use policies can help mainstream biodiversity conservation in agriculture, contributing to SDG 16 (Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions).

      Additionally, fostering multi-stakeholder partnerships and collaboration is essential for promoting knowledge sharing, innovation, and capacity building in biodiversity-friendly agriculture. Governments, civil society organizations, research institutions, and the private sector can work together to develop and disseminate best practices, provide technical assistance to farmers, and mobilize financial resources for biodiversity conservation initiatives. By fostering inclusive partnerships, we can enhance synergies between agriculture and biodiversity conservation, supporting SDG 17.

      In conclusion, integrating biodiversity into agriculture through best practices and scalable solutions is essential for promoting ecological sustainability, enhancing resilience, and ensuring food security. By adopting agroecological approaches, incorporating indigenous knowledge, restoring ecosystems, conserving agrobiodiversity, and creating enabling policy and institutional frameworks, we can mainstream biodiversity conservation in agriculture and contribute to the achievement of multiple SDGs. Through collaborative efforts and partnerships, we can build a more sustainable and resilient agrifood system that benefits both people and the planet.