General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean - GFCM
Publications > SoMFi 

The State of Mediterranean and Black Sea Fisheries 2022

SoMFi provides a comprehensive and up-to-date review of the status and trends of fisheries in the GFCM area of application. This biennial flagship publication is prepared by the GFCM Secretariat based on the data regularly submitted by GFCM member countries and on the most recent information produced by the GFCM scientific bodies. It is intended as an essential information source on the main issues related to fisheries in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea and as a key tool to support strategic decision-making and to monitor progress towards the main goals and objectives set by the GFCM.


Overfishing in the Mediterranean and Black Sea has fallen significantly in the past decade, but exploitation of most commercial species is far from sustainable.

The latest edition of The State of Mediterranean and Black Sea Fisheries (SoMFi) found excessive exploitation has diminished in the region, particularly for key species subject to multilateral management plans. However, 73 percent of commercial species are still overfished and fishing pressure, while lower than in the past, is still double than what is considered sustainable.

Infographics on the region

Snapshot of fisheries


Fisheries resources


Human dimension


Vulnerable species


Fisheries management


Missed the presentation of #SOMFI22 ? The recording is available in Arabic, English, French and Spanish