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  Armenia

Reference Date: 14-April-2020

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. Overall favourable conditions of 2020 crops

  2. Below‑average cereal production obtained in 2019

  3. Cereal import requirements in 2019/20 forecast at well above‑average level

  4. Prices of wheat flour remained stable in February

Overall favourable conditions of 2020 crops

The 2020 winter cereals, mainly wheat, are expected to be harvested from May and overall crop conditions are favourable. In the northern main wheat‑growing province of Shirak, precipitation amounts were slightly below‑average in October and November 2019. However, precipitation levels improved in early 2020 benefitting soil moisture and, as of early April, remote sensing data showed close‑to‑average vegetation conditions in most cropping areas.

Planting of the 2020 spring cereals has just started in April under generally favourable weather conditions and crops are expected to be harvested from August.

Below‑average cereal production obtained in 2019

Aggregate production of cereals (mainly wheat and barley) in 2019 is estimated at 197 000 tonnes, well below the five‑year average level, mainly on account of a gradual decrease in area planted. Aggregate plantings of cereals have contracted by about 30 percent since 2015, mainly due to farmers switching to more profitable crops. In addition, unfavourable weather conditions in the key wheat‑producing province of Shirak negatively affected yields of wheat, output of which is officially set at 113 000 tonnes, more than 50 percent below the five‑year average value. Barley output in 2019 is also estimated well below the average level, at 68 000 tonnes.

Cereal import requirements in 2019/20 forecast at well above‑average level

Cereal import requirements in the 2019/20 marketing year (July/June) are forecast at 426 000 tonnes, well above the five‑year average volume as a result of the sharp decrease in domestic production. Wheat imports, which account for most of the total cereal purchases, are forecast at 380 000 tonnes, well above the five‑year average level.

Prices of wheat flour remained stable in February

Domestic prices of wheat flour and bread remained stable or increased marginally since April 2019 and, in February 2020, they were about 5 percent above their levels a year before.

Prices of potatoes, another staple food, seasonally increased in February 2020, but remained well below their levels in the corresponding month in 2019.

COVID-19 and measures adopted by the Government

On 26 March 2020, the Government announced a number of measures aimed at mitigating the impact of COVID‑19 on the economy of the country and supporting vulnerable households. The measures include assistance to vulnerable families through the delivery of essential products, including food and individual protection kits as well as policies for the mitigation of the risks associated with the pandemic over agricultural businesses.

Disclaimer: The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of FAO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.