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Global Perspectives Studies
The future of food and agriculture

FAO’s Global Perspectives Studies (GPS) investigate how food and agricultural systems may develop in the long-term future, within the broader economy-wide and social context.

GPS nurture debates and policy processes at all levels, aimed at moving food and agriculture towards social, economic and environmental sustainability.

Countries, regions and the global community benefit from periodic forward-looking global assessments based on alternative future scenarios for food and agriculture, and thematic studies of global relevance.

Will global food and agricultural systems sustainably satisfy food and non-food agricultural demand?

FAO’s Global Perspectives Studies provide possible answers to this recurring question regarding the future of food and agriculture:

  • “Business as usual” is no longer an option if food security, nutrition and sustainable agriculture targets set by the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development are to be met.
  • Food and agricultural systems face challenges that could jeopardize their future sustainability, such as satisfying increasing demand with tightening natural resources, adapting to and mitigating climate change, or tackling the concentration in fewer hands of capital-intensive, vertically integrated production processes.
  • FAO foresight exercises provide strategic options to address current and future challenges facing food and agricultural systems and their governance.

The future of food and agriculture

To disseminate its findings, which build upon the contributions, knowledge and experience of the various technical divisions of FAO, the Global Perspectives Studies Team publishes the series of reports “The future of food and agriculture”.

The first issue analyses the challenges facing food and agriculture in the light of recent socio-economic and environmental trends.

The future of food and agriculture – Trends and challenges

How can we achieve FAO’s original vision of a world free from hunger and malnutrition?

The report sheds some light on the nature of the challenges that agriculture and food systems are facing now and throughout the 21st century, provides insights on the issues at stake and outlines possible ways forward. It emerges that “business as usual” is no longer an option to ensure a sustainable future to food and agriculture Major transformations in agricultural systems, rural economies and management of natural resources cannot wait any longer.

•  Report
•  At a glance
•  Summary
•  Infographic