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  • Abandoned, lost or discarded fishing gear

    FAO/Kurt Arrigo

    The impact of abandoned, lost or discarded fishing gear, also known as ghost gear, is gaining more attention as fishing activities have expanded offshore and to deep sea marine environments. Abandoned, lost or discarded fishing gear not only threatens aquatic life and fragile marine ecosystems, it also contributes to marine plastic litter, creates hazards at sea and threat fisheries and fishers' livelihoods.

  • Sustainable agriculture

    Sustainable agriculture with its three components: economic (production viability to meet the growing needs for food of present and future...

  • Seed health

    The safe conservation and exchange of germplasm requires seeds free of pests and diseases that are of quarantine risk. Seed...

  • Agrobiodiversity

    Agricultural biodiversity is a broad term that includes all components of biological diversity of relevance to food and agriculture, and...

  • Functional foods

    Functional foods containing significant levels of biologically active components which provide desirable health benefits beyond basic nutrition. These are especially...

  • Colluvium

    Soil erosion is a global phenomenon that is exacerbated by intensive agriculture and reinforce the small-scale soil heterogeneity. While reduced...