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  • Climate variability

    FAO/Christena Dowsett

    In agriculture, understanding climate variability is crucial as it directly influences growing conditions for crops. Farmers rely on predictable weather patterns to plan planting and harvesting schedules. However, increased climate variability can lead to more unpredictable and extreme weather events, impacting crop yields and making agricultural planning and management more challenging.

  • Seed health

    The safe conservation and exchange of germplasm requires seeds free of pests and diseases that are of quarantine risk. Seed...

  • Agrobiodiversity

    Agricultural biodiversity is a broad term that includes all components of biological diversity of relevance to food and agriculture, and...

  • Functional foods

    Functional foods containing significant levels of biologically active components which provide desirable health benefits beyond basic nutrition. These are especially...

  • Colluvium

    Soil erosion is a global phenomenon that is exacerbated by intensive agriculture and reinforce the small-scale soil heterogeneity. While reduced...

  • Seedling emergence

    Seedling emergence is one of the most important phenological event that influences the success of an annual plant. Emergence represents...