General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean - GFCM

Management plan | Deep water red shrimp fisheries in the eastern-central Mediterranean

The deep-water red shrimp fishery in the eastern-central Mediterranean was one of the case studies selected to test the feasibility of the GFCM guidelines on management plans. The SAC endorsed a roadmap for the assessment of the two species and concurrently recommended to immediately establish management rules to ensure sustainable exploitation.

As a result, in 2018, the GFCM adopted two recommendations, one for the Levant Sea (referring to GSAs 24, 25, 26 and 27) and one for the Ionian Sea (referring to GSAs 19, 20 and 21), on multiannual management plans for sustainable trawl fisheries targeting giant red shrimp and blue and red shrimp.

Following these two recommendations and based on advice provided by the SAC, a third recommendation establishing management measures for sustainable trawl fishing activities targeting giant red shrimp (Aristaeomorpha foliacea) and blue and red shrimp (Aristeus antennatus) in the Strait of Sicily was adopted in 2019.


Ionian and levant Seas:

  • Identify the main fishing grounds and establish the historical fishing footprint, which serves as the basis for the future implementation of exploratory fishing protocols
  • Maintain the fishing fleet capacity or fishing effort at the levels authorized and exerted during the years 2014–2017 for the exploitation of the two deep-water shrimp species in the Levant Sea and the Ionian Sea
  • Establish a list of vessels authorized to fish for the two deep-water shrimp species with specific reporting (operating days and areas as well as catch) and landing obligations
  • designate additional spatial/temporal restrictions to protect juvenile aggregations
  • ensure specific measures are implemented to address IUU fishing activities
  • establish an observation and inspection programme to ensure compliance with the conservation and management measures contained in the recommendations.
  • Regularly assess the status of the stocks and the biological reference points following the collection of relevant data through adequate scientific monitoring and in accordance with the precautionary principle
  • Assess the biological, economic and social implications of implementing several management scenarios

Strait of Sicily:

  • Implementation of fleet management measures (e.g. authorized vessels, catch reporting irrespective of the volume of the catch and the designation of additional spatiotemporal restrictions)
  • Implementation of measures aimed at managing fishing effort (e.g. communicating historical levels of fishing effort and maintaining fleet capacity)
  • Addressing IUU fishing activities

Learn more about the GFCM's management plans.