Plant Production and Protection

We cannot end hunger and poverty without empowering both men and women in agrifood systems.

In the face of escalating global challenges, sustainable plant production and protection stand as a beacon of hope for the future of our planet. From climate change to diminishing natural resources, the agricultural sector must adopt an innovative and inclusive approach to ensure food security and environmental sustainability. 

Recognizing the critical role of gender equality in this equation is essential for fostering resilient and productive agrifood systems: empowering both genders equally fosters innovation, improves resilience and promotes sustainable practices. Advancing gender equality in plant production and protection isn't just fair—it's a strategic necessity for productive, sustainable agriculture.”

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Plant Production and Protection News
Empowering female farmers in crop production systems

Women’s contribution to the agricultural labour force ranges from about 20 percent in Latin America and the Caribbean to over 50 percent in Africa. As critical members of the small family farms, which produce about 35 percent of the world’s food, female farmers have valuable traditional knowledge and are largely responsible for the selection of crop varieties.



Developing policies to foster inclusive rural transformation processes requires better evidence on how climate change is affecting the livelihoods and economic behaviours of vulnerable rural people, including women, youths and people living in poverty.


Nepal, a landlocked country known for its mountain peaks including Mount Everest — the world’s tallest peak, is home to Chiti village. Most households of Chiti village rely on agriculture and wage labour for their livelihoods.


This flyer presents the gender responsive approach to mechanization piloted in Benin. In 2020, the government of Benin developed the National Strategy for Agricultural Mechanization (SNMA) – with FAO’s financial and technical assistance – presenting a clear vision and priorities for agricultural mechanization.


Senegal has had extensive experience with the development and implementation of the farmer field school (FFS) approach across almost two decades.


The Status of Women in Agrifood Systems report provides the latest data, lessons learned and recommendations for policy and decision makers about gender in agrifood systems.


Rural women across the world work along agri-food value chains performing numerous agricultural operations. Their work is increasingly affected by land degradation, climate change impacts, and out-migration. It is often unrecognized, unqualified, and unpaid.


With the massive out-migration of men from the villages, women’s work has increased at both household and farm levels. Women thus face additional work burdens and challenges in securing their households’ food security and livelihoods.


The Rotterdam Convention Secretariat (NSPRD) and the Gender team in ESP developed this publication with the objective of highlighting the gender-related implication of pesticide use and management, focusing on the role of women in handling hazardous pesticides in agriculture, the reasons why they are at higher risk and the health-related implications they face.


Despite the key roles that rural women play in food systems, in agrobiodiversity conservation, natural resource management, food production, preparation and marketing, rural women are particularly affected by the impacts of climate change due to limited access and control over resources fundamental to adaptation and limited participation in decision-making processes.


There are 476 million indigenous peoples around the world, constituting 6.2 percent of the global population and, according to different sources, representing more than 19% of the extreme poor (ILO, 2019) of the world. Half of this population are women (approximately 240 million).


Gender equality is essential to achieve FAO’s mandate of a world free from hunger, malnutrition and poverty. The Organization recognizes that persisting inequalities between women and men are a major obstacle to agriculture and rural development