Based on a bioclimatic definition of Mediterranean forests, the Mediterranean region includes more than 25 million hectares of forests and about 50 million hectares of other wooded lands. As an integral part of Mediterranean landscapes, these forests and woodlands are a source of energy, water, food, tourism, income, and many more goods and services. The Committee of Mediterranean Forestry Questions - Silva Mediterranea is a Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) statutory body. Its role is to insert Mediterranean forest questions into a participatory process, acting as a catalyst for their management, proposing related calls for action and addressing its five working groups’ activities on timely and emerging forest topics.
Silva Mediterranea member countries and focal points
The Mediterranean Forest Week

The Mediterranean Forest Week has been conceived as a common regional platform for cooperation on Mediterranean forests

MYTF 2023 board
Mediterranean Youth Task Force

The MYTF is a regional network of engaged young people up to 35 years old who are either from or living in the Mediterranean active in the forest sector.

Working Groups

The working groups are subsidiary bodies of Silva Mediterranea and represent the instrument of the Committee to accomplish its tasks


20/11/2023 - 23/11/2023

The joint session of the Committee on Forests and the Forest Industry and the European Forestry Commission will be held from 20 to 23 November...

Pinus Pinea
21/11/2023 - 23/11/2023

With the beautiful city of Lisbon as a backdrop, and for three days, the Pinea Spot International Congress, organized by the Competence Centre for...


The report is divided in three parts concentrating respectively on the importance of and threats to the Mediterranean landscape; Mediterranean forest-based solutions and approaches to address the drivers of forest degradation to the benefit of populations and the environment; and a consequent mise en place of an enabling environment to scale up the afore-mentioned solutions.


Important disparities between northern and southern rims of the Mediterranean are the result of both different degree of urbanization, industrialization and globalization of trade and tourism, and distinct population growth rates. As a consequence of socio-economic processes, forest landscapes and uses have suffered strong alterations and pressures causing drastic changes in vegetation structure and modifying the role of the primary sector in national economies.


Mediterranean forests are interwoven with the lives of the people of the region, providing wood, cork and other products, as well as being a source of income for many. They contribute to the conservation of biodiversity, capture and store carbon, protect soil and water, and offer areas for recreation. Yet they are under increasing pressure from growing and shifting human needs and stresses due to climatic changes including temperature increases, reduced rainfall and prolonged periods of drought.


Forest ecosystems and other wooded lands are an important component of landscapes in the Mediterranean region, contributing significantly to rural development, poverty alleviation and food security. The first edition of State of Mediterranean Forests is an opportunity to analyze data gaps and suggest improvements for future data collection under the various environmental assessment processes.