FAO Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia

Europe and Central Asia – Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition 2023

Statistics and trends

The 2023 Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition in Europe and Central Asia is the ninth Europe and Central Asia report monitoring regional trends and progress made towards reaching Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 2 food security and nutrition targets. SDG 2, often referred to as the “Zero Hunger” goal, aims to end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture.

Publications
01/2021

The urgent need for a positive impact on the livelihoods of livestock keepers is elaborated in this Regional Strategy for Animal Health and Production for FAO Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia (REU). This strategy aims to present the main aspects of REU’s work on livestock and includes three pillars – animal health, animal production, and antimicrobial resistance (AMR).

03/2024

FAO’s work globally and in the Europe and Central Asia region is guided by the FAO Strategic Framework 2022–2031, which articulates the Organization’s vision of a sustainable and food-secure world for all. With the Strategic Framework and the four betters as a lens, this report reviews and describes the project and the programme work of the Organization at the regional level and in each of the FAO programme countries of the region.

03/2024

Each issue of FAO Europe and Central Asia Gender Newsletter explores and discusses women’s and men’s experiences in agriculture and food security in the region. This issue reports on the latest developments in gender equality and women's empowerment through the celebration of the International Day of Rural Women in the region, the 43rd session of the European Commission on Agriculture, FAO activities and projects in the Western Balkans and regional workshops organised in Georgia and Türkiye.

03/2024

The brochure delves into the critical interface between science and policy within the agrifood system, emphasizing its role in driving transformation, resilience, and food security. It highlights the importance of Science–Policy Interfaces (SPIs) in translating scientific discoveries into actionable policies and practices.

12/2023

This report presents an overview of concepts related to bioeconomy and the benefits of their implementation in agriculture and shares agriculture production trends, bioeconomy initiatives and sustainable agriculture approaches from throughout the Eastern Europe and Central Asia region.

06/2023

This is a literature review on land use and integrated land use management systems in Uzbekistan. The review aims to synthesize and examine the state of knowledge and the scope for establishing various integrated resource and land use management strategies.

03/2024

This report aims to describe and analyse the economic and business aspects of agroforestry implementation in Uzbekistan. This information is presented to enable the development of detailed and specific suggestions for land use contract development.

01/2024

The Digital Village Initiative aims to transform rural life in Europe and Central Asia by deploying digital technologies. This project focuses on three key objectives: deliver increased agricultural productivity by introducing advanced technologies to farmers; connect rural communities through digital platforms that enhance access to essential services, and foster sustainable and resilient rural economies for long-term growth and prosperity.

01/2024

In Uzbekistan's Ferghana Valley, the rural communities of Novkent and Yuksalish are at the forefront of a remarkable transformation into Digital Villages. This leaflet explores how these areas are harnessing technology to revolutionize agriculture and empower youth.

01/2024

The report delineates four principal market channels for small ruminant milk and three for small ruminant meat that farmers utilize for product commercialization. Albanian small ruminant farmers predominantly focus on milk production, while their counterparts in Serbia, Montenegro, and Bosnia and Herzegovina are inclined towards meat production.

12/2023

The Second Dialogue on Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) in Europe and Central Asia aimed to promote the GIAHS Programme in the region, raising awareness on the potentiality of participating in the dynamic conservation of these sites. Speakers from all around the region discussed about traditional agricultural systems, bringing the experience of existing sites at different stages of recognition and potential ones that are still in the process of identification.

12/2023

Proceedings of the technical workshop on nature-based solutions in Europe and Central Asia FAO acknowledges that nature-based solutions are cost-effective interventions that can enhance resilience in agriculture and food production while mitigating climate change and enhancing the environment. These strategies mimic nature by integrating the ecosystem functioning at a landscape scale to address socio-environmental challenges such as water scarcity, food insecurity and climate change adaptation

12/2023

The Generic master’s course curriculum on land consolidation and land banking: FAO Study and Recommendations is a powerful capacity development tool that will educate young land tenure professionals and existing specialists interested in implementing land consolidation and land banking projects. The report contains a structure for a course curriculum on land consolidation and land banking, including a list of modules, recommendations regarding teaching techniques and useful resources.

12/2023

The 2023 Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition in Europe and Central Asia is the ninth Europe and Central Asia (ECA) report monitoring regional trends and progress made towards reaching Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 2 food security and nutrition targets. SDG 2, often referred to as the “Zero Hunger” goal, aims to end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture.

11/2023

The third issue of Biodiversity in Action illustrates why the health of humans and the environment requires biodiversity and how all dimensions of food security depend on it, highlighting the risks for nutrition and health and the benefits for food and nutritional security.

10/2023

The “SDG localization in Europe and Central Asia – Guidelines to support subnational development planning and budgeting” provides guidance to support local authorities and other relevant stakeholders in subnational development planning and budgeting, in the context of SDG localization.

10/2023

On 20 December 2022, FAO and oriGIn hosted the Third regional consultation on geographical indications in Europe and Central Asia. Some 111 representatives from 34 countries of geographical indications (GIs) groups, national intellectual property offices and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), other public authorities, as well as geographical indication experts participated in the event.

10/2023

This document discusses the inherent functioning of agroecosystems by analysing how ecosystems naturally develop their own sustainability and productivity; it concludes that the most critical systemic features in this regard are complexity, energy storage and energy mobilization capacities.

09/2023

This brief examines some of the key legal considerations related to school gardens, and also explores regulatory options for strengthening the legislative environment for sustainable school food and nutrition in the country.

09/2023

This publication aims to document and share the lessons learned from the introduction of a land consolidation instrument in North Macedonia from 2014 to 2023. The structural problems in agriculture with small average farm sizes, excessive land fragmentation, water scarcity, need for modern irrigation systems, gaps in land policy, land banking, and weak agricultural land markets are also present in several countries.