Evaluation at FAO

Completed evaluations

Evaluations in FAO assess projects, programmes and strategies to generate and provide evidence-based information that is credible, reliable and useful for decision-making processes. 

This 2024 report for the ECA region follows on the syntheses completed in 2020 and 2022 and responds to the request of the Thirty-second Session of the FAO Regional Conference for Europe, held 2–4 November 2020, to include an item on evaluation as a regular feature in future regional conferences.


FAO has demonstrated approaches that can be replicated to support the transformation of agriculture in the Syrian Arab Republic to a decentralized and locally-led system. Adopting an area-based approach may have enabled programme activities to be more mutually re-enforcing and potentially created a multiplier effect. Greater consideration of an exit strategy that lays the foundation for sustainability at community level is required.


This evaluation highlights the economic, environmental and social risks and challenges associated with the use of chemical pesticides in the agricultural sector in Malawi and provides a comprehensive assessment of the contribution of the project to reduce these risks, as well as to promote sustainable agricultural systems. It draws lessons and identifies the conditions to be put in place to promote the consolidation of achievements, progress towards impact and sustainability.


L'adoption et l'institutionnalisation d'outils et d'approches développés par le programme dans le portefeuille de la FAO ont été importantes. GloNet Sahel a pu poser les bases d’une pratique d’apprentissage et de gestion des connaissances qui doit cependant encore être consolidée au-delà du projet. Cependant, la durabilité institutionnelle semble peu probable et l'engagement des gouvernements à maintenir les capacités et les actifs après la fin du projet reste faible.


The project was found to be entirely relevant and coherent with national and global priorities in the fields of agricultural development, food security, natural resources preservation and climate change response. Overall, the strong integration of project activities into existing global and national dynamics on agroecology strengthened project effectiveness. It is likely that some of the achieved results will continue after project closure, but others require additional financial resources.


The project has clear comparative advantages and occupies a unique global niche, but differences with other forest resource assessment processes need further clarification and communication. The project has well established and functional systems of project management, but risk management practices need strengthening.


The project aimed to strengthen capacity of local communities and institutions to plan, implement and evaluate participatory sustainable land and forest management initiatives; adopt and implement alternative livelihood options and enhance capacity to mainstream these approaches into national plans, policies and processes. The outcomes were consistent with national policies and plans, and successful in building local capacity, and influencing policy, institutional and interdepartmental linkages.


The project strengthened technical capacities of beneficiaries of Farmer Field Schools and participated in strengthening financial and environmental viability as well as promoting endogenous community agents. The project also contributed to the empowerment of women by helping them to claim and defend their rights.


The project represents the most significant food system planning in a megacity undertaken to date by FAO and there are many lessons from the project that will be of benefit to other cities, countries and organizations. Key improvements were made in the food system of Dhaka and in building an enabling environment for future change. The project achieved its overall outcome to “contribute to the development of a safe, sustainable and resilient food system for the Dhaka Metropolitan Area”.


The project contributed to improve the sustainability of agriculture and forest land use management in the Konya Closed Basin through low-carbon technologies and win-win benefits in land degradation, climate change and biodiversity conservation, while increasing farm profitability and forest productivity. Climate-friendly agriculture interventions and connected CO2 savings positively illustrated new approaches for sustainable land and natural resources management.