Comercio y mercados
 

Oleaginosas

 

Indices de precios para las semillas oleaginosas y productos derivados
Los indices derivan de un promedio ponderado del comercio de una selección de productos representativos comercializados internacionalmente. Le ruego notar que en noviembre de 2013 se han introducido algunas modificaciones en la forma en que se calculan los índices; para más detalles y acceder a las series de los índices de precios así como a los comentarios sobre su reciente evolución, pulsar aquí.

Informe de mercado sobre las semillas oleaginosas, los aceites y las harinas - mayo 2015: sólo en inglés; el resumen en español será publicado mas tarde.

La publicación titulada Monthly Price and Policy Update (MPPU) es un producto informativo ofrecido por la Sección de semillas oleaginosas de la Dirección de Comercio y Mercados. Como complemento de nuestros informes de mercado semestrales, esta breve nota persigue una doble finalidad: examinar, en primer lugar, la evolución de los precios internacionales de las semillas oleaginosas, los aceites y las harinas, tal como se reflejan en los índices correspondientes de la FAO; y segundo, señalar los acontecimientos recientes en materia de políticas y mercados - seleccionados de una variedad de fuentes -, que se consideran importantes para la economía mundial de las semillas oleaginosas. La nota informativa se publicará en la primera semana de cada mes, por un total de diez números anuales. Disponible sólo en inglés, el boletín podrá consultarse en esta pagina Web, y se enviará a los suscriptores de la Red sobre el Mercado de Cultivos


El Resumen mensual de la oferta y la demanda de soja es un nuevo producto provisional facilitado por la Sección de semillas oleaginosas de la División de Comercio y Mercados. Como complemento de nuestros informes semestrales sobre semillas oleaginosas, aceites y harinas, en esta nota informativa se presentan los cálculos más recientes de la oferta y demanda mundial de soja. El informe, disponible sólo en inglés, se publicará diez veces al año en la última semana de cada mes.

Bienvenidos a la Red sobre el Mercado de Cultivos Oleaginosos -¡Suscripción gratuita!
Para registrarse en la red, sírvase enviar un mensaje electrónico a mailserv@mailserv.fao.org, dejando el asunto en blanco y escribiendo lo siguiente en la primera línea del mensaje: subscribe Oilcrops-L.  Ver página específica

Perspectivas de la agricultura de la OECD y FAO: projecciones oleaginosas 2015-2024 - sólo en inglés; el resumen en español será publicada mas tarde.
Highlights
(i) In nominal terms all oilseeds and oilseed product prices are projected to increase less than the assumed inflation rate over the outlook period. Resulting real prices will decline slightly, based on the assumption of further efficiency gains in the sector which enables it to satisfy the growing global demand at real prices below the current level. The price relationships within the sector will shift slightly. Due to saturation in per capita food demand in many emerging economies and reduced growth in biodiesel production from vegetable oils, real vegetable oil prices will decline faster than real protein meal prices.
(ii) During the outlook period, global oilseeds production is expected to continue its expansion, yet at a growth rate of 1.6% p.a. it will fall short of the 3.5% p.a. experienced during the last decade. Production of rapeseed in Canada and the European Union is expected to grow much slower than in the previous decade as high oil-containing oilseeds like rapeseed are more affected by the slower growth in vegetable oil prices.
(iii) International oilseeds trade accounts for a consistently high share of global production of around 31% during the next decade. The main flow continues from the Americas (United States and Brazil) to Asia (mainly China). Globally, crushing of oilseeds into meal (cake) and oil dominates the use of oilseeds; direct food use is significant only in a few Asian countries. By 2024 more than 87% of the world oilseed production will be crushed.
(iv) Vegetable oil includes the oil from crushing oilseeds (around 53%), palm (36%), palm kernel, coconut and cottonseed. World vegetable oil production will remain concentrated among a few countries in the coming decade. Despite a slowdown in area expansion, significant growth still occurs in the main palm oil producing regions of Indonesia and Malaysia. The other source of growth is soybean oil produced in the crush of the increasing soybean production. Demand growth for vegetable oil is expected to slow down in the coming decade due to a) reduced growth in per capita food use in developing countries at 1.1% p.a. compared to 2.7% in the previous decade, and b) stagnant biodiesel production from vegetable oils due to the gradual fulfilment of quotas and expected reductions in biodiesel production targets.
(v) Protein meal production and consumption is dominated by soybean meal. Compared to the past decade, consumption growth of protein meal slows down significantly, reflecting both slower growth in global livestock production and a degree of saturation in the inclusion of protein meal in feed rations. Commercial farms have increasingly optimised the use of protein meal in feed ration in important developing countries, especially China dampening demand. Chinese consumption of protein meal is projected to grow by 2.0% p.a. compared to 7.8% p.a. in the previous decade, still exceeding the growth rate of animal production however.
(vi) Growth in world trade in oilseeds is expected to slow down considerably in the next decade, compared to the previous decade. This development is directly linked to the projected deceleration of oilseed crush in China. Because livestock production increases rapidly in the main protein meal producing countries, domestic use of protein meal increases and trade will only expand slightly in the coming decade, resulting in a declining share of trade in world production.
(vii) Whereas, oilseed and protein meal exports are dominated by the Americas, vegetable oil exports continue to be dominated by Indonesia and Malaysia . Vegetable oil is one of the agricultural commodities with the highest share of trade compared to production at 39%. It is expected that this share remains stable throughout the projection. In addition to the issues and uncertainties common to most commodities (e.g.macroeconomic environment, crude oil prices and weather conditions), each sector  has its specific supply and demand sensitivities. The low stock level at the end of the outlook period is a source of uncertainty for the stability of prices, for example, if the sector is affected by adverse weather events. Biofuel policies in the United States, European Union and Indonesia are a source of major uncertainties in the vegetable oil sector, because they have an impact on a large share of the demand in these countries.
» Full chapter on oilseeds, oils and meals

See also:
» Chapter on biofuels (ethanol, biodiesel)

Oilcrops

Oil crops include both annual (usually called oilseeds) and perennial plants whose seeds, fruits or nuts are either consumed directly as food or crushed to obtain oil (used by the food, oleochemical, biofuel and other industries) as well as protein-rich meal (used as feed in the livestock sector).

Some of the crops included are also fibre crops in that both the seeds and the fibres are harvested from the same plant. Such crops include coconuts, kapok fruit, cotton, linseed and hempseed.