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Reference Date: 11-February-2014


  1. Cereal output from the 2014 “A season” crops is set at a slightly below average level

  2. Maize and cassava prices eased in December

  3. Food security conditions expected to deteriorate in the areas where crop production shortfalls occurred

2014 “A season” cereal output set at slightly below average levels

Harvesting of the 2014 “A season” (September‑February) crops, which account for 35 percent of annual production, is underway. Output is expected at slightly below average levels, due to the negative impact of plant diseases (banana xanthomonas wilt, cassava mosaic, and cassava brown streak), and heavy rainfall which damaged crops in parts of the Plateaux Humides zone (Ngozi, Kayanza, Muramvya, Mwaro, and Gitega provinces), as well as in parts of the Ruyigi province.

Maize and cassava prices easing in December

Prices of locally produced maize and cassava flour eased by 2 percent in December as newly harvested crops began entering markets. By contrast, prices of beans increased slightly - by about 2 percent. In December 2013, prices of maize and beans were respectively 6 and 11 percent higher compared to the same period of the previous year, while prices of cassava were 6 percent lower.

Food security conditions expected to worsen in the areas where crop production shortfalls occurred

Most households will face minimal levels (IPC phase 1) of acute malnutrition until June 2014, when “B season” crops will be harvested; however, poor households in the Plateaux Humides zone are likely to face Stressed (IPC Phase 2) levels as a result of the poor crop and poor performance in A Season.

As of late October, Burundi was hosting 47 200 refugees, mostly from DRC, 8 300 asylum seekers and 33 300 returnees, forcibly repatriated, from the United Republic of Tanzania; they mostly rely on humanitarian assistance to cover food needs.

On 10 February, torrential rains caused flooding in Bujumbura and three provinces close to the capital (Cibitoke, Bubanza and Bujumbura Rural). People have been severely affected and heavy damage to infrastructures and markets has been reported. In addition, the main roads linking Bujumbura to neighbouring Rwanda and Democratic Republic of Congo have been heavily damaged.

Relevant links:
 Cereal Supply/Demand Balance Sheet
 Food Price Data and Analysis Tool
 Main Food-related Policy Measures (From 1 Jan 2008 to 11 Oct 2011)
 Interpolated Estimated Dekadal Rainfall
 Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission (CFSAM) Reports & Special Alerts: 2000, 1999, 1998, 1998, 1997, 1997, 1996
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles

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