Reference Date: 07-November-2014
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Planting the 2015A season crops has been completed and production prospects are favourable
Food security conditions seasonally deteriorate as the lean season deepens, especially in northeastern areas where 2014B season crop production shortfalls occurred
Favourable prospects for 2015A season crops
The short rainy season (September-January) started at the end of August, about 1‑2 weeks earlier than usual, and planting of the 2015A season crops, for harvest from December, has just been completed. The A season crops represent about 35 percent of the total annual crop production.
Rainfall amounts have been slightly below average between mid‑September and early October, but recent abundant rainfall has improved soil moisture and crop conditions. Localized floods have been reported in Muramvya and Makamba provinces, with some damages to crops. The whole country is forecast to receive average to above‑average rainfall amounts along the season, with favourable effects on crop yields and pasture availability.
The overall cereal production in 2014 is tentatively estimated at 272 000 tonnes, about 10 percent below the last five‑year average as both 2014A and 2014B season harvests have been affected by unfavourable weather conditions.
Food security conditions deteriorate as the lean season deepens
The food security conditions of poorer households are seasonally deteriorating as the lean season (October-December) deepens, but some improvements are expected by early December, when green consumption of 2015A crops starts. In particular, food stocks are quickly running out in northeastern districts of Kirundo, Muyinga and Cankuzo, following the below-average cereal crop production of 2014 B season, harvested last June/July. Prices of main staple food have been stable in the recent months, but are expected to start increasing soon as households’ dependence on markets increases during the lean season. Conversely, following the forecast for enhanced rains, pasture availability, animal body conditions and milk production are expected to improve leading to better food security conditions for pastoralists.
As of January 2014, Burundi was hosting 45 500 refugees, mostly from the Democratic Republic of Congo, 6 000 asylum seekers and 79 000 IDPs, most of them relying on humanitarian assistance to cover their food needs.