Reference Date: 26-May-2014
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
In most cropping areas, adequate rains benefitted 2014B season crops with positive effects on yields
By mid-May, significant moisture deficits detected in parts of northern districts
Food security conditions improve also in areas where 2014A season crop production shortfalls occurred as ongoing 2014B harvest is replenishing stocks
Favourable prospects for current crops, but localized moisture deficits affect sorghum and beans crops in northern districts
Harvesting of the 2014B main season beans and potatoes crops is underway, while the cereal harvest is scheduled to begin in June. The long-rainy season (February to June) started on time and rainfall amounts have been at average levels from February to April in most cropping areas. By early May, negative rainfall anomalies have been registered across the country. By the second dekad of May, the FAO Agricultural Stress Index (ASI) indicated generally favourable vegetation conditions, but also highlighted significant moisture stress in the northern districts of Kirundo and Muyinga, which may negatively impact on sorghum and beans crops at the crucial flowering/grain filling stages. The situation warrants careful monitoring for the remainder of the season as about 40 percent of annual sorghum production is normally harvested in northern cropping areas during the B season.
The production of the 2014A secondary season crops, harvested in February, is estimated at slightly below-average levels, following the negative impact of plant diseases
(banana xanthomonas wilt, cassava mosaic and cassava brown streak) and heavy rainfall which damaged crops in parts of the Plateaux Humides zone (Ngozi, Kayanza, Muramvya, Mwaro and Gitega provinces) as well as in parts of the Ruyigi province.
Accordingly, the overall cereal production in 2014 (including an average output of the 2014C season crops to be harvested between August and September) is tentatively forecast at about 289 000 tonnes, slightly below the last five-year average.
Food security conditions improving with the start of 2014B season harvest
Most households face minimal levels (IPC phase 1) of acute malnutrition. Green consumption of 2014B crops is improving food security conditions also for poor households in the Plateaux Humides zone which harvested below-average 2014A season crops and whose stocks were quickly depleted.
As of late October, Burundi was hosting 47 200 refugees, mostly from the Democratic Republic of Congo, 8 300 asylum seekers and 43 300 returnees, forcibly repatriated from the United Republic of Tanzania. Most of them rely on humanitarian assistance to cover food needs.