Reference Date: 26-August-2014
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Early cessation of the 2014 main rainy season affected yields of main food crops, especially in northern districts
Worsening food security conditions in northern areas where 2014B season crop production shortfalls occurred
Moisture deficits affected yields of 2014B season crops, especially in northern districts
Harvesting of the 2014B main season crops, which represents about half of annual production, is complete and overall output is estimated at below average levels. After a timely onset of the long-rainy season (February‑June), rainfall ended earlier than usual by mid‑April in most cropping areas. In particular, in northern districts of Kirundo, Muyinga and Cankuzo, significant moisture deficit at the crucial flowering/grain filling stages have negatively affected yields of beans, maize and sorghum crops.
Planting of the 2014C season crops, mainly short-cycle vegetables, which represent about 15 percent of annual production, is almost complete and harvest of early planted crops is expected to start by mid‑September. The imminent onset of the small rainy season (September‑January) is expected to bring some relief to grazing resources, especially to northwestern highlands which are showing negative values of the Vegetation Condition Index.
The overall cereal production in 2014 (including an average output of the 2014C season crops) is tentatively forecast at 272 000 tonnes, about 10 percent below the last five-year average.
Food security conditions expected to deteriorate in northern districts
According to the latest IPC analysis (August 2014), about 1.3 million people, mainly located in the northern districts that harvested below‑average 2014B season crops, are estimated to face crisis level (IPC phase 3) of acute malnutrition as meagre food stocks are expected to be quickly depleted. Their food security situation is expected to improve by December, when green consumption of 2015A crops starts.
At the end of 2013, Burundi was hosting 45 000 refugees, mostly from the Democratic Republic of Congo, 6 000 asylum seekers and 79 000 IDPs, most of them relying on humanitarian assistance to cover their food needs.