Reference Date: 10-February-2014
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Preliminary estimates indicate above-average cereal production in 2013, despite erratic precipitation in parts of the country
Agricultural production still lingering from the effects of the civil strife in recent years
Humanitarian assistance is still needed despite the improved civil security situation
Despite erratic rains in parts, an above‑average cereal crop was gathered in 2013
Harvesting of the 2013 second season maize crop is nearly complete in the South. In the North, which has only one rainy season, harvesting of coarse grains was completed in November. In spite of erratic precipitation in parts of the country, preliminary estimates indicate that cereal production in 2013 was similar to the previous year’s above‑average level. Production of maize, the main staple cereal, was estimated at about 661 000 tonnes, similar to the previous year’s record crop and 4 percent above the five-year average.
Civil strife hampered agricultural production and access to food
Agriculture has been seriously damaged in recent years due to the civil strife. Labour shortages due to population displacements, lack of agricultural support services in certain parts of the country - mainly in the northern half - fragmentation of the markets and other difficulties related to civil security have had serious negative impact on agricultural production and food markets in recent years. These problems have been exacerbated by the 2010‑2011 post‑election crisis, which has forced over 300 000 people to leave the country and seek refuge, mostly in eastern Liberia, while thousands others were internally displaced.
Most displaced persons have returned to their areas of origin, following the improvement of the security situation. However, UNHCR estimated that about 70 000 Ivoirians were still living in neighbouring countries, mostly in Liberia, as of January 2014.
The civil strife led to a steep increase in food prices through 2011. In mid-2012 the Government took a series of measures to curb rice price rise. These included fixing the prices of imported rice, suspending the value added tax on rice and limiting the number of check‑points. As a result prices of imported rice have been more stable.