Reference Date: 16-August-2016
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Average to above average rains received in most parts of the country
Continued assistance needed for vulnerable people
Adequate rains to benefit 2016 crop production season
Seasonal rains commenced in March in the southern part of the country. In the South, rainfall was generally average to above average from April to the third dekad of July, allowing land preparation and planting of maize. In the North, which only has one rainy season, planting of the 2016 coarse grains, to be harvested from October, was recently completed. Similarly, satellite imagery indicates adequate rains with above average precipitation.
In spite of erratic precipitation in parts of the country, cereal production in 2015 increased further compared to the previous year’s above average level. Production of maize, the main staple cereal, increased by about 7 percent compared to the record crop in 2014.
Civil strife hampered agricultural production and access to food in recent years
Agriculture has been seriously damaged in recent years due to civil strife. Labour shortages caused by population displacements, lack of agricultural support services in certain parts of the country, mainly in the northern half, fragmentation of markets and other difficulties related to civil security have had a serious negative impact on agricultural production and food markets in recent years. These problems have been exacerbated by the 2010-2011 post-election crisis, which forced over 300 000 people to leave the country and seek refuge, mostly in eastern Liberia, while thousands of others were internally displaced.
Most displaced persons have returned to their areas of origin, following the improvement of the security situation. However, UNHCR estimated that about 60 000 Ivoirians were still living in neighbouring countries, mostly in Liberia (38 000) and Ghana (11 500).
Continued assistance still needed for vulnerable people
The lingering effects of the recent civil strife have had a very adverse, longer term impact on household assets and savings, notably in the northern part of the country. Several segments of the population still need food and non-food assistance to restore their livelihoods and enable them to have better access to food. About 218 000 people are estimated to be in Phase 3:“Crisis”, according to the November 2015 analysis of the “Cadre Harmonisé” (Harmonized Framework) conducted in the country.