Reference Date: 26-November-2015
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Favourable weather conditions during 2015 main maize cropping season except in some coastal areas
Secondary cropping season in 2015, harvested last summer, also benefited from good weather
Inflation rates stable at low levels in 2015
Refugees from the Central African Republic (CAR) estimated at 30 000 in late September; new arrivals in October due to renewed violence in CAR
Favourable weather conditions at start of main maize cropping season except in some coastal areas
Harvesting of cassava, the principal staple in the country, is currently underway. Satellite-based information and analysis indicates that crop growing conditions have been generally favourable. The main maize crops, for harvest in December, benefited from a timely onset of seasonal rains in October, except in some coastal areas where early season dryness may have affected planting operations (see Map 1).
Earlier in the year, the second season maize crop, planted from February, was harvested in June-July. According to satellite imagery analysis, crops benefited from adequate rainfall throughout the growing period (see Map 2).
Average import requirement levels forecast in 2016
Domestic crop production covers a small proportion of consumption requirements, with imports accounting for approximately 94 percent of the total cereal utilization, mainly through commercial channels.
In the 2016 marketing year (January/December), the cereal import requirement, mainly wheat and rice, is forecast at around 300 000 tonnes, similar to the previous year.
Low inflation rates in 2014 and 2015
According to the IMF, the average inflation rate, after having declined from 4.6 percent in 2013 to 1 percent in 2014, mainly due to a stronger currency and lower global food prices, remained stable in 2015.
In the last several years, rates of inflation were very volatile, increasing from 2.6 percent in 2007 to about 5 percent in 2008-2010, then declining to 1.8 percent in 2011 and increasing again to about 5 percent in 2012 and 2013.
Refugees from CAR estimated at 30 000 in late September; new arrivals in October due to renewed violence in CAR
In late October 2015, the number of refugees, which entered the country from the CAR, was estimated, in late September, at more than 30 000 and are assisted through international organizations. About 20 000 refugees are registered and settled near the town of Betou in Likouala Province and about 8 000 in the capital, Brazzaville; other settlements are in Impfondo, Ouesso/Pokola and Pointe Noire. Since the resurgence of violence in CAR in October 2015, significant new arrivals have been reported; registration of new asylum seekers is underway.