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Reference Date: 10-February-2014


  1. Favourable weather conditions benefit 2013 crops

  2. Inflation rate forecast to decline in 2014

  3. Central African Republic refugees estimated at 13 800

Good rains benefit 2013 crops

Harvesting of cassava (the principal staple in the country) is underway, while harvesting of the main season maize crop has been concluded in January. Satellite based information and analysis indicate that adequate rainfall was received in most regions during the cropping period.

Likewise, the second season maize crop, harvested in July/June 2013, benefited from favourable crop growing conditions.

Overall, however, the domestic crop production covers a small proportion of consumption requirements, with imports covering approximately 94 percent of total cereal utilization, mainly through commercial channels. In the 2014 marketing year (January‑December), the cereal import requirement is forecast at around 300 000 tonnes, mainly wheat and rice.

Inflation rate forecast to decline in 2014

According to the IMF, the average inflation rate, which was estimated at 5.3 percent in 2013, is forecast to decline to 2.8 percent in 2014, mainly due to a stronger currency and lower global food prices.

In the last several years, rates of inflation were very volatile, increasing from 2.6 percent in 2007 to about 5 percent in 2008-2010, then declining to 1.9 percent in 2011 and increasing again to 5 percent in 2012, as a result of the damage caused by the huge explosion in the capital in March 2012, and the subsequent massive fiscal injection for reconstruction.

The number of refugees from the Central African Republic are so far estimated at 13 800

In early February 2014, the number of refugees which entered the country from the Central African Republic was estimated at 13 800. UNHCR and UNICEF pledged USD 3 millions to assist them; however, the critical funding situation has seriously limited the level of interventions to date.

Relevant links:
 As of Dec 2013, included in the list of "Countries Requiring External Assistance for Food"
 Cereal Supply/Demand Balance Sheet
 Main Food-related Policy Measures (From 1 Jan 2008 to 11 Oct 2011)
 Interpolated Estimated Dekadal Rainfall
 Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission (CFSAM) Reports & Special Alerts: 1998
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles

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