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Reference Date: 20-June-2014


  1. Favourable weather conditions at the start of the 2014 cropping season

  2. Inflation rate forecast to decline in 2014

  3. Refugees from Central African Republic estimated at about 17 000 as of mid June 2014

Favourable weather conditions at the start of the 2014 cropping season

Planting of cassava, the principal staple in the country, for harvest from September is underway while harvesting of the second season maize crop, planted from last February, is underway. Satellite-based information and analysis indicate that crop growing conditions from February to the third dekad of May 2014 have been generally favourable in most regions following well-distributed rainfall.

Overall, however, domestic crop production covers a small proportion of consumption requirements, with imports accounting for approximately 94 percent of total cereal utilization, mainly through commercial channels. In the 2014 marketing year (January-December), the cereal import requirement, mainly wheat and rice, is forecast at around 300 000 tonnes, similar to the previous year.

Inflation rate forecast to decline in 2014

According to the IMF, the average inflation rate, which was estimated at 4.6 percent in 2013, is forecast to decline to 2.4 percent in 2014, mainly due to a stronger currency and lower global food prices.

In the last several years, rates of inflation were very volatile, increasing from 2.6 percent in 2007 to about 5 percent in 2008-2010, then declining to 1.8 percent in 2011 and increasing again to 5 percent in 2012, following the damage caused by the explosion of an ammunition storage depot in the capital in March 2012 and the subsequent massive fiscal injection for reconstruction.

The number of refugees from the Central African Republic is so far estimated at 17 000

In mid June 2014, the number of refugees, which entered the country from the Central African Republic (CAR), was estimated at 17 000. Predominantly located near the town of Betou and Likouala province, they are assisted through international organizations.

In the framework of the CAR Regional Response Plan, launched on 16 April 2014, UNHCR appealed for USD 4.7 million to assist the CAR refugees in Congo. As of late May, USD 800 000 was received.

Financial constraints have seriously limited the level of interventions to date. The severe acute malnutrition rate among refugees is 2.5 percent, 0.5 percent above the “emergency” threshold of 2 percent. In addition, malaria and acute respiratory infections currently affect 39 and 23 percent, respectively, of the refugee population, reflecting the precarious living conditions.

Relevant links:
 As of Oct 2014, included in the list of "Countries Requiring External Assistance for Food"
 Cereal Supply/Demand Balance Sheet
 Earth Observation Indicators
 Seasonal Indicators
 Vegetation Indicators
 Precipitation Indicators
 Graphs & Data
 NDVI & Precipitation
 Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission (CFSAM) Reports & Special Alerts: 1998
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles

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