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Reference Date: 25-April-2016


  1. Dry weather conditions at start of 2016 secondary maize cropping season

  2. Inflation rates forecast to remain stable at low levels in 2016

  3. Refugees from Central African Republic (CAR) estimated at 28 500 in late March

Dry weather conditions at start of 2016 secondary maize cropping season

Planting of cassava, the principal staple in the country, is currently underway. Planting of the 2016 secondary season maize crop, for harvest in June‑July, is normally completed in March. However, dry weather conditions in January, which continued in parts until the second dekad of February (see Precipitation anomaly map), delayed planting operations. Subsequently, above average precipitation offset moisture deficits, and in March, according to satellite imagery, vegetation conditions were good in most cropping areas (see Vegetation Health Index map).

Average import requirement levels forecast in 2016

Domestic crop production covers a small proportion of the consumption requirements, with imports accounting for approximately 94 percent of the total cereal utilization, mainly through commercial channels.

In the 2016 marketing year (January/December), the cereal import requirement, mainly wheat and rice, is forecast at around 300 000 tonnes, similar to the previous year.

Inflation rates forecast to remain stable at low levels in 2016

According to the IMF, the average inflation rate, which increased from a low 1 percent in 2014 to 2 percent in 2015 due to a rise in public sector wages, is forecast to remain stable in 2016.

In the last several years, the rates of inflation were very volatile, increasing from 2.6 percent in 2007 to about 5 percent in 2008‑2010, then declining to 1.8 percent in 2011 and increasing again to about 5 percent in 2012 and 2013.

Refugees from CAR estimated at 28 500 in late March

In late March 2016, the number of refugees, which entered the country from the CAR was estimated at 28 500. The refugees are mostly located in Likouala Province, more specifically in two sites close to the CAR border on the Ubangi River: Bétou and Impfondo. The general food consumption levels of refugees have been improving over the past year due to the assistance operations carried out by the international community; by contrast, malnutrition levels for children between 6‑59 months of age increased.

Relevant links:
 As of Jun 2016, included in the list of "Countries Requiring External Assistance for Food"
 Cereal Supply/Demand Balance Sheet
 Earth Observation Indicators
 Seasonal Indicators
 Vegetation Indicators
 Precipitation Indicators
 Graphs & Data
 NDVI & Precipitation
 Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission (CFSAM) Reports & Special Alerts: 1998
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles

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