Reference Date: 11-February-2014
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Two consecutive favourable rainy season benefited pasture and livestock
Prices of cereals are stable while vegetable prices decline
Improvements seen in food access for vulnerable pastoralists, but food assistance is still needed
Two consecutive favourable rainy season benefited livestock body conditions
The October 2013 to February 2014 “xays/dadaa” rains have been generally adequate and well distributed so far, despite their slightly delayed onset. In addition, the earlier July to September 2013 “karan/karma” rains performed favourably resulting in improved pasture, browse, and water availability, which benefited livestock body conditions.
Prices of cereals stable at high levels while declines were observed in prices of vegetables
Wholesale prices of wheat flour have been stable since March 2013. In October 2013, wheat flour was traded in Djibouti wholesale market slightly more than USD 600 per tonne, 17 percent above the level of one year earlier. Prices of rice (Belem), mainly consumed in urban areas, were stable since the beginning of 2013 at USD 585 per tonne.
In October 2013, food inflation declined by 2.2 percent compared to September, mainly due to decreasing prices of vegetables (legumes, tomatoes, eggplants, etc).
Improvements in food access for pastoralists, but food assistance is still required
Following two consecutive favourable rainy seasons, pastoralists have seen improvements in their food access, but they generally remain Stressed (IPC phase 2), due to the lingering effects of the recurrent droughts in recent years.
However, in parts of the Southeast livelihood zone (Arta, Ali Sabieh, Dikhil regions) and of the Central livelihood zone (Tadjourah and Obock regions), an early cessation of rains in the first week of December caused an earlier than normal depletion of pasture, and unusually cold temperatures since November increased the incidence of human diseases such tuberculosis and livestock diseases like pneumonia. As a result, in these areas, households’ food security would have deteriorated from the “Stressed” level, had it not been for the provision of food assistance.
In addition, about 18 000 Somali refugees are hosted in refugee camps and are highly food insecure.