Reference Date: 23-September-2013
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Good “karan/karma” rains in August/September improved pasture and water availability in north-western pastoral areas
A long and harsh lean season (June to September) affected pastoral households in south-east and the Obock region
Cereal prices are stable, while prices of imported vegetables increased significantly between March and June 2013
Food security remains critical for pastoralists in the south-east and for most poor urban households
Food security conditions improve in north-west, but remains poor in south-east and urban areas
Favourable “karan/karma” rains (July-September) improved pasture conditions and water availability in most north-western inland pastoral areas. By contrast, well below average “diraac/soughoum” rains (March-June) have affected rangeland resources in south-eastern border areas and the Obock region in the north-east, resulting in an early start of the lean season. In these areas, livestock body conditions and productivity have declined from July onwards and improvements are not expected until next October with the onset of the “heys/dada” rainy season (October-February).
Prices are stable for cereal but significant increase observed for vegetables
Wholesale prices of wheat flour have been quite stable since December 2012. In June 2013, wheat flour was traded in Djibouti wholesale market slightly more than USD 600 per tonne, about 12.5 percent above the level of one year before, but still about 25 percent below the record level of about USD 800 per tonne registered during most of year 2011. Prices of rice (Belem), mainly consumed in urban areas, were stable since the beginning of 2013 at USD 585 per tonne. However, prices of fresh vegetables (onions, tomatoes, eggplants, etc...), which represents about 15 percent of the local food basket, have increased by about 50 percent between March and June 2013. The increase is mainly due to the unfavourable production of vegetables gathered in some areas of Ethiopia that export their products to Djibouti.
Significant number of people in need of humanitarian assistance
The number of people in need of humanitarian assistance is estimated at about 70 000, nearly 8 percent of the population. Most households affected by severe and moderate food insecurity are concentrated in rural areas of Ali Sabieh, Dikhil and Obock districts. High levels of food insecurity are mainly associated with low income, limited job opportunities, high food prices and several consecutive failed rainy seasons. Food aid is often the main source of nutrition for poor households, covering between 50 and 70 percent of their needs. Food security conditions are also precarious for poor urban dwellers in and around Djibouti Ville, where unemployment rate is estimated at about 46 percent. In addition, about 23 000 people, mainly from Somalia, are hosted in refugee camps and are highly food insecure.