Reference Date: 07-November-2014
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Good “karan/karma” rains benefitted inland pastoral areas
Erratic rains affected Obock, Djibouti and Ali Sabih coastal districts
Prices of cereals are generally stable
Food security conditions deteriorate in most pastoral areas due to poor pasture conditions and declining humanitarian assistance
Favourable “karan/karma” rains benefitted inland pastoral areas
The “karan/karma” rains (July-September) have been generally favourable, improving pasture and water availability in most inland pastoral areas of the country. However, erratic rains limited pasture regeneration in coastal pastoral areas of the Ali Sabih and Djibouti districts in the southeast as well as the Obock district in the north. In these areas, the “heys/dada” rainy season (October-February) has just started with a delay of two-three weeks and general improvements of grazing resources are expected in coming months as rains are forecast at average levels.
Prices of cereals continue to be generally stable
Wholesale prices of wheat flour have been mostly stable since October 2013. In August 2014, wheat flour was traded in Djibouti wholesale market at USD 576 per tonne, about 2 percent below the level of one year earlier. Prices of rice (Belem), mainly consumed in urban areas, were also stable since November 2013 and slightly declined in August when, at USD 575 per tonne, they were about 2 percent below the levels of 12 months earlier.
The August 2014 aggregate food price index was 2.4 percent below the level of one year before, mainly due to a sharp reduction in the price index of legumes (‑31 percent) which more than compensated for the increases in the price indexes of bread/cereals, meat, fish and spices (+5, 11, 16 and 11 percent, respectively).
Food security conditions deteriorate in most pastoral areas following poor grazing resources and declining humanitarian assistance
About 120 000 people (about 15 percent of the population) are estimated to be severely food insecure, mainly in Obock district and in southeastern pastoral areas. Food security conditions have progressively deteriorated following consecutive poor rainfall seasons that negatively impacted on livestock body conditions and milk production. Since April 2014, humanitarian assistance was sharply reduced following budget shortfalls, with significant reduction in targeted beneficiaries and cutting food aid rations by half. Consequently, an increasing number of rural households rely mainly on transfers (in terms of cash and food) provided by relatives living in urban areas.