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Reference Date: 1-July-2014


  1. Pasture and water availability affected in Obock, central and southeastern pastoral areas due to poor rains

  2. Prices of cereals are generally stable

  3. Food security conditions decline in most pastoral areas due to poor pasture conditions and declining humanitarian assistance

Early depletion of grazing resources due to unfavourable rainy season

In Obock and central pastoral areas, the “diraac/sougum” rains (March‑May) have been generally erratic, with significant dryness especially during April and early May, which led to an early depletion of grazing resources. In southeastern coastal areas, the main “heys/dada” rains (October‑February) were near average but ceased early in January, with a negative impact on livestock productivity and crop production. According to satellite based vegetation condition analysis (see map) most affected areas are in northeastern Obock district, central Dikhil district and around Djibouti town, while better pasture conditions are reported (as of mid-June) in southern areas along the border with Ethiopia, up to the Abhe Bad Lake, as well as in central Tadjoura district. General improvements of pasture and water availability are expected in coming months as the karan/karma” rains (July‑September) are forecast at average levels.

Prices of cereals are generally stable

Wholesale prices of wheat flour have been mostly stable since October 2013. In April 2014, wheat flour was traded in Djibouti wholesale market at USD 576 per tonne, 5 percent below the level of one year earlier. Prices of rice (Belem), mainly consumed in urban areas, were also stable since November 2013 and slightly declined in April, when, at USD 565 per tonne, they were about 4 percent below the levels of 12 months earlier. Food inflation was stable in recent months and in March 2014 the year-on-year food inflation rate was 2.9 percent.

Food security conditions deteriorate in most pastoral areas following poor grazing resources and declining humanitarian assistance

About 120 000 people are estimated to be severely food insecure, mainly in Obock region and in southeastern pastoral areas. Food availability was affected following consecutive poor rainfall seasons that negatively impacted on livestock body conditions and milk production. Since April 2014, humanitarian assistance was sharply reduced following budget shortfalls, with significant reduction in targeted beneficiaries and cutting food aid rations by half. Significant number of households that mainly depend on humanitarian assistance were affected. In addition, food access is expected to be tighter during the July/August lean season as wage labour opportunities diminish with the start of the holiday season for most employers that travel to neighbouring countries to avoid the intense heat. Remittances from abroad during the fasting month of Ramadan and subsequent Eid holiday in July/August may partially help some families.

Relevant links:
 As of Oct 2014, included in the list of "Countries Requiring External Assistance for Food"
 Cereal Supply/Demand Balance Sheet
 Food Price Data and Analysis Tool
 Earth Observation Indicators
 Seasonal Indicators
 Vegetation Indicators
 Precipitation Indicators
 Graphs & Data
 NDVI & Precipitation
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles

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