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Reference Date: 27-May-2015


  1. Uncertain prospects for first main 2015 cereal season due to El Niño conditions

  2. Higher cereal imports forecast in 2014/15 marketing year (July/June)

  3. Maize prices increase in main markets, rice prices remain stable

Uncertain prospects for first main 2015 cereal season due to El Niño conditions

Planting of the main “de printemps” season is virtually concluded. Official estimates of the area planted are not yet available. However, sowings may have been significantly reduced due to below average rainfall in most of the country, and in particular the main producing area of Artibonite and low availability of seeds due to last year’s reduced production. The reduced rainfall levels reflect the ongoing El Niño conditions. In March 2015, the threshold conditions for a weak El Niño (ENSO) event were reached. The consensus of ENSO prediction models indicate that these conditions, which are associated with dry weather and high temperatures in Haiti, could continue and strengthen toward mid-2015.

At this early stage in the season, FAO preliminarily projects cereal production for 2015 at average levels, as the effects of the El Niño event on crops are still unclear, but this projection may not materialize if rains do not recover in the remaining of the season.

Higher cereal imports forecast in 2014/15 marketing year (July/June)

Cereal imports in the 2014/15 marketing year (July/June) are forecast at 710 000 tonnes, 6 percent above last year’s above average level. The increase mainly reflects higher imports of rice and maize, as a result of the sharp drop in 2014 production.

Maize prices increase in May in main markets, rice prices remain stable

Prices of main staple imported rice, which represents more than 80 percent of domestic consumption, remained stable in most markets following trends in prices from the United States of America, the country’s main supplier. Prices were unchanged from their levels of a year earlier.

By contrast, maize meal prices, the second most important staple, increased in major markets and remained well above their year-earlier levels as a result of the reduced 2014 output.

Relevant links:
 Food Price Data and Analysis Tool
 Earth Observation Indicators
 Seasonal Indicators
 Vegetation Indicators
 Precipitation Indicators
 Graphs & Data
 NDVI & Precipitation
 Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission (CFSAM) Reports & Special Alerts: 2010, 2005
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles

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