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Reference Date: 19-September-2014

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. Wheat production in 2014 is estimated to decrease from last year’s below-average level

  2. Wheat exports in 2014/15 are forecast to decrease from last year’s above-average level

  3. Export prices of wheat are stable for the third consecutive month in August

Wheat production in 2014 is estimated to decrease from last year’s below-average level

Harvesting of the 2014 spring crops, mainly wheat, accounting for over 80 percent of annual cereal production, is currently underway and will be concluded by the end of September. FAO estimates the 2014 wheat output at 13.6 million tonnes, 3 percent down from last year’s below-average level. This is the result of a small contraction in planted area, as well as anticipated lower yields, due to adverse weather conditions in early September over the northwestern part of the country, particularly in the Kostanay region, one of the main wheat producing area. Barley is anticipated to reach 2.6 million tonnes, slightly above last year’s good level. The 2014 total cereal output is expected to reach 17.2 million tonnes, slightly below last year’s level.

Wheat exports in 2014/15 are forecast to decrease from last year’s above-average level

Kazakhstan is a main exporter of cereals (mainly wheat) and plays an important role in the subregion’s food security. The bulk of cereals are traditionally exported to CIS countries (namely Azerbaijan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan) and to Afghanistan. Exports of wheat in the 2014/15 marketing year (July /June) are tentatively forecast at 6.8 million tonnes, some 15 percent below last year’s near-average level. Increases of Government’s investments in transportation and infrastructure may result in additional exports’ opportunities in the nearest future, notably to China, the Islamic Republic of Iran and Turkey.

Export prices of wheat are stable for the third consecutive month in August

Wheat export prices remained unchanged for the third consecutive month in August, reflecting adequate supplies from the ongoing 2014 harvest. Overall, prices were below their levels of a year earlier.









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