GIEWS Country Briefs

Mongolia PDF version    Email this article Print this article Subscribe FAO GIEWS RSS  Share this article  

Reference Date: 06-February-2014


  1. Reduced 2013 wheat harvest

  2. Wheat imports forecast to increase during 2013/14 marketing year

  3. Livestock numbers have recovered

  4. Prices of wheat flour generally stable, while those of beef and mutton decrease seasonably

Reduced 2013 wheat harvest

Harvesting of the 2013 main season crops, mainly wheat, was completed in September. Despite intentions at the start of the season to increase the area to wheat, below-average rains from March to mid-June, reduced plantings to 276 000 hectares, some 7 percent below area sown in 2012. Furthermore, excessive rains from July to August and hail in early August reduced yields in wheat producing areas, such as Arkhangai, Bulgan and Selenge aimags. As a consequence, the 2013 wheat production is officially estimated at 369 000 tonnes, some 20 percent below the 2012 record level but similar to the previous five-year average.

Wheat and rice are the two major cereals imported, mainly from the Russian Federation, China and Kazakhstan. Given the lower harvest in 2013, cereal import requirements in 2013/14 marketing year (October/September) are forecast to reach 156 000 tonnes, some one-third above the previous year’s low level. In January 2014, the Government proposed removal of import duty and VAT on the imports of 100 000 tonnes of wheat to build national wheat reserves. Annual rice imports amount to about 30 000 tonnes.

Livestock numbers have recovered

The total livestock numbers have recovered since the Dzud in 2009/10. As of the end of 2013, the total number of animals were estimated at 45.1 million, slightly above the pre-disaster level. According to some sources, lower levels of animals per hectare of land are considered to be more ecologically sustainable in some aimags.

Prices of wheat flour stable, while those of beef and mutton decrease seasonably

The price for wheat flour, the main food staple in the country, has remained relatively stable since April 2011. Similarly, bread prices, generally subsidized in the capital city Ulaanbaatar, have remained comparatively stable since March 2013. Prices of potatoes have been decreasing since April 2013 and in November 2013 were 18 percent below last year’s level, mainly reflecting adequate supplies.

Prices of beef and mutton meat in Ulaanbaatar capital city market decreased seasonably in November from the month before and were 11 and 9 percent respectively higher than a year earlier, mainly due to continued strong growth of domestic demand. Meat prices in Ulaanbaatar capital city market follow the usual seasonal lows during October-December and highs during May-July.

According to the Central Bank of Mongolia, the overall inflation in December 2013 reached 12.5 percent on yearly basis.

Relevant links:
 Food Price Data and Analysis Tool
 Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission (CFSAM) Reports & Special Alerts: 2007, 2001, 2000, 1997, 1996, 1996
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles

Email this article Print     Subscribe FAO GIEWS RSS Subscribe GIEWS RSS Share this article  Share it

GIEWS   global information and early warning system on food and agriculture