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Country Briefs

  Mongolia

Reference Date: 30-September-2016

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. Wheat production in 2016 estimated to have recovered from last year’s sharply‑reduced level

  2. Wheat imports estimated at high level in 2015/16 marketing year (October/September)

  3. Prices of beef and mutton meat decreased in recent months

Wheat production in 2016 estimated to have recovered from last year’s sharply‑reduced level

Harvesting of the 2016 main season cereal crops, mainly wheat, barley and oats, is completed. The 2016 wheat production is estimated by FAO at 450 000 tonnes, up almost 80 percent from the 2015 sharply‑reduced level and close to the 2014 record. This is the result of a recovery in both plantings and yields, reflecting favourable weather conditions and Government support, including distribution of subsidized fuel, wheat seeds, pesticides, herbicides and fertilizers.

Wheat imports estimated at high level in 2015/16 marketing year (October/September)

Wheat and rice are the two major imported cereals, mainly from the Russian Federation and Kazakhstan. Cereal imports in the 2015/16 marketing year (October/September) are estimated to almost triple the previous year’s low level and reach 199 800 tonnes. This mainly reflects higher wheat imports, which are forecast at 170 000 tonnes, four times more than last year’s level and well above the five‑year average, reflecting the sharply reduced harvest in 2015. Rice imports in 2016 are anticipated to remain close to the previous year’s level at 24 000 tonnes.

Prices of beef and mutton meat decreased in recent months

Prices of beef and mutton meat in Ulaanbaatar have decreased seasonally since June 2016, reflecting good supplies in the market. Overall, prices were below their levels in 2015.

Wheat flour and rice prices in Ulaanbaatar remained relatively stable in recent months, owing to adequate availabilities mainly from increased imports.