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Country Briefs

  Mongolia

Reference Date: 13-December-2016

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. Wheat production in 2016 recovered from last year’s sharply‑reduced level

  2. Wheat import requirements in 2016/17 forecast to sharply decrease from last year’s high level

  3. Prices of beef and mutton meat have decreased in recent months

Wheat production in 2016 recovered from last year’s sharply‑reduced level

Harvesting of the 2016 main season cereal crops, mainly wheat, barley and oats, was completed in September. The 2016 wheat production is estimated by FAO at 450 000 tonnes, up almost 80 percent from the 2015 drought‑reduced level and close to the 2014 record. This is the result of a recovery in both plantings and yields reflecting favourable weather conditions and Government support measures, including the distribution of subsidized fuel, seeds, pesticides, herbicides and fertilizers.

Wheat import requirements in 2016/17 marketing year forecast to sharply decrease

Wheat and rice are the two major imported cereals, mainly from the Russian Federation and Kazakhstan. Cereal imports in the 2016/17 marketing year (October/September) are forecast at 81 000 tonnes, well below last year’s high level of 240 000 tonnes. This reflects lower wheat imports, which are forecast at 50 000 tonnes, four times less than in 2015/16 and close to the five‑year average, reflecting the strong rebound in 2016 production. Rice imports in 2016 are anticipated to remain close to the previous year’s level at 25 000 tonnes.

Prices of beef and mutton meat have decreased in recent months

Prices of beef and mutton, which are main local staple foods, decreased seasonally from June to October in the capital, Ulaanbaatar, mainly reflecting increased market supplies. Herders tend to sell most of their animals between July and December, when they usually reach the best body conditions across the year. Overall, October prices were below their levels in 2015.

Wheat flour and rice prices in Ulaanbaatar remained relatively stable in recent months owing to adequate availabilities mainly from increased imports in recent months.