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Reference Date: 22-January-2015

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. Planting of 2015A season crops almost finalized

  2. Maize and beans prices continue to decline in main markets

  3. Minimal levels of food insecurity in most areas of the country

Near-average production expected for 2015A season crops

Harvesting of 2015A season crops (which represent about 30-40 percent of total crop production) is underway and will be completed by the end of February. Seasonal production of cereals and pulses is forecast at near-average level as short rains (September-December) have been generally favourable across the country. According to satellite image analyses, moderate levels of moisture stress were reported in December in some central highland areas, around the capital city Kigali, leading to relatively lower yields and declining pasture conditions. Reduced cassava production is expected in southern districts of Ruhango, Kamonyi and Muhanga where crops were significantly affected by the brown streak disease.

Maize and beans prices continue to decline in main wholesale markets

Wholesale prices of maize and beans have started to decline in October 2014, following the commercialization of the bulk of 2014B season harvest and an increasing flow of imports from Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania. In December 2014, beans and maize were traded in the Kigali wholesale market at about USD 430 and USD 265 per tonne, respectively, about 18 percent the peak price of September 2014 and 28 percent below the level of one year earlier. Similarly, the average price of rice (about USD 850 per tonne) declined by 13 percent during the last three months.

Minimal levels of food insecurity in most areas of the country

Households’ food security conditions have improved since mid-December as green crops, especially beans, from the 2015A season started to be available for local consumption. Currently, minimal levels (IPC phase 1) of acute malnutrition are reported in most areas of the country. The situation is expected to improve further as harvesting operations progress and food stocks are going to be replenished, reducing households’ dependence on markets. Prices of staple food are expected to continue declining during the next months.









Relevant links:
From GIEWS:
 Cereal Supply/Demand Balance Sheet
 Food Price Data and Analysis Tool
 Earth Observation Indicators
 Maps
 Seasonal Indicators
 Vegetation Indicators
 Precipitation Indicators
 Graphs & Data
 NDVI & Precipitation
 Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission (CFSAM) Reports & Special Alerts: 1998, 1997, 1996, 1996, 1995
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles