Reference Date: 01-October-2013
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Timely start of the short rainy season (September-December) observed
Food prices increase due to low levels of food stocks
Food security situation deteriorates in some areas that harvested well below 2013 B season crops in June/July
Planting of 2014 A season crops is underway
Harvesting of 2013 C season crops, which represents about 10 percent of annual production, is about to start and an average output is expected. Meanwhile, land preparation for planting 2014 A season crops (to be harvested from next January) is underway following the timely start of the short rainy season (September-December). Until the end of the year, rains are forecast at average to below average levels in eastern provinces, while better rainfall amounts are expected in the rest of the country.
Food prices on the rise due to early stock depletion
Prices of beans, the main staple crop, have increased by about 30 percent between July and September following the early depletion of stocks from the below average 2013 B season production harvested in June/July. In Kigali wholesale market, beans are currently traded at record price of about USD 650 per tonne. After having declined in July and August, wholesale prices of maize have also started to increase in September, but are still well below last year’s level.
Deteriorating food security conditions in some agro-pastoral and subsistence farming areas
Currently, most households have minimal levels (IPC phase 1) of acute malnutrition. However, as food stocks dwindle and households increasingly access food through market purchases, food security conditions are expected to worsen until the end of the year. In particular, stressed levels (IPC phase 2) of acute malnutrition are expected in eastern semi-arid agro-pastoral livelihood zones and in eastern Congo Nile highland subsistence farming livelihood zone.