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Country Briefs

  El Salvador

Reference Date: 30-June-2017

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. Cereal production in 2017 anticipated to remain at last year’s high level

  2. Cereal imports forecast to sharply decline in 2017/18 marketing year

  3. Prices of maize and beans remained at low levels in June

Cereal production in 2017 anticipated to remain at last year’s high level

Planting of the main 2017 cereal season is virtually concluded. Sowing operations benefitted from the good precipitation levels, even in the “dry corridor”. Continued provisions of agricultural inputs by the Government and an anticipation that rainfall levels will be normal, as the risk for an El Niño event has diminished, should maintain plantings at last year’s high level. FAO s preliminary forecast, which assumes favourable weather conditions for the rest of the year, is for cereal output to reach almost 1.1 million tonnes in 2017, well above the country’s five-average.

Cereal imports forecast to sharply decline in 2017/18 marketing year

Cereal imports in the 2017/18 marketing year (September/August) are forecast to decline sharply from the high levels of the previous years when outputs were reduced by drought. The decline is being driven by ample cereal supplies, particularly of maize, due to the bumper 2016 crop. Imports may decline further for 2017/18 if crop yields for the current crop result as high as forecasted.

Prices of maize and beans remained at low levels in June

Reflecting the 2016 bumper maize crop and the good prospects for the 2017 first season crop, to be harvested from late August, prices continued their declining trend from the previous months in June and were some 37 percent below their level from a year earlier. Prices of red beans, the main staple, were stable in June after increasing the previous month, mainly reflecting imports. Prices, however, remained below their level from a year earlier.