GIEWS > Data & Tools > Earth Observation
GIEWS - Global Information and Early Warning System

Country Briefs

  El Salvador

Reference Date: 16-November-2018

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. Cereal production in 2018 anticipated at below-average level due to prolonged dry spells

  2. Cereal import requirements in 2018/19 forecast to increase

  3. Prices of maize and beans higher than year-earlier levels in October

Cereal production in 2018 anticipated at below-average level due to prolonged dry spells

The aggregate 2018 cereal production is anticipated at 950 000 tonnes, slightly lower than the previous five-year average, mainly due to a decline in maize production.

Planting of the 2018 postrera season maize crop finalized in September and harvesting operations are expected to start in January. The aggregate 2018 maize production is anticipated at a below-average level of 830 000 tonnes, reflecting unfavourable weather conditions during the primera season. The prolonged dry spells from June to early-August affected 112 municipalities of 10 departments, particularly in the eastern region, where 29 consecutive days with no rainfall were recorded. It is officially estimated that the drought caused 45 000 tonnes of primera season maize crop losses, which represents about 4 percent of the 2018/19 production target. In August, the Government distributed certified seeds and fertilizers in order to allow the affected farmers to replant and limit the losses. Additional crop losses were triggered by torrential rains during the first half of October, which were officially estimated at 8 400 tonnes of postrera season maize crop.

The 2018 sorghum production is expected at 95 000 tonnes, near last year’s production. The crop is more resistant to dry weather conditions, however, some crops werre lost due to the torrential rains in October.

Cereal import requirements in 2018/19 forecast to increase

Reflecting lower domestic availabilities and a sustained demand from the poultry sector, cereal import requirements in the 2018/19 marketing year (September/August) are forecast to increase by 12 percent from the last five-year average and reach 1 million tonnes.

Prices of maize and beans higher than year-earlier levels in October

Despite a significant decline in October, prices of white maize remained about 50 percent higher year-on-year. Prices had a rising trend since early 2018, reflecting higher input and petroleum costs as well as concerns over the estimated decline in production. Prices of red beans strengthened in October due to concerns over the main season output affected by torrential rains.

Disclaimer: The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of FAO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.