GIEWS Country Briefs

Ukraine PDF version    Email this article Print this article Subscribe FAO GIEWS RSS  Share this article  

Reference Date: 26-January-2015

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. Early prospects for 2015 winter crops overall favourable

  2. Record cereal production in 2014

  3. Cereal exports expected at record levels in 2014/15 marketing year (July/June)

  4. Wheat and wheat flour prices increasing and at record levels by mid-January

  5. Serious food security concerns in eastern part of Ukraine

Early prospects for 2015 winter crops overall favourable

The area planted under 2015 winter crops (wheat, rye and barley) is estimated at about 7.6 million hectares, higher than last year, mainly on account of a 7 percent increase in wheat plantings. Most crops were into winter dormancy by mid-January and 82 percent were reportedly in good or satisfactory conditions, despite early concerns about cold weather affecting crop establishment.

Record cereal production in 2014

Harvesting of the 2014 cereal crops (mainly wheat, maize and barley) was completed in November last year. FAO’s latest estimate puts the 2014 wheat production at 24 million tonnes, 14 percent up from last year’s above-average level. The good output mainly reflects near-record yields, following favourable weather conditions during the cropping season, which more than offset a slight contraction in planted area. Similarly, the 2014 barley output is estimated 22 percent higher than last year at 9 million tonnes. By contrast, maize output is put at 28 million tonnes, some 7 percent below the record level in 2013, but still above average, as yields were estimated to have returned to normal from last year’s high levels. Overall, the aggregate cereal output in 2014 stands at a record of 63.2 million tonnes, almost 28 percent above the previous five-year average.

Cereal exports expected at record levels in 2014/15 marketing year (July/June)

Cereal exports in the 2014/15 marketing year (July/June) are forecast at a record of 31.9 million tonnes, slightly above the previous year’s level. Wheat and barley exports are forecast to increase by 10.5 percent to 10.5 million tonnes and 60 percent to 4 million tonnes, respectively, while maize exports are projected at 17.5 million tonnes, a decrease of 2 million tonnes, compared to the record level of 2013/14 due to lower production of 2014.

Wheat and wheat flour prices increasing and at record levels by mid-January

Wholesale prices of wheat and wheat flour increased markedly in the first two weeks of January and were at record levels in nominal terms, after sustained increases in the past months. Despite ample supplies from the record 2014 harvest, prices were supported by the sharp depreciation of the national currency. Export prices of wheat and maize (in USD terms) also increased by 4.6 percent and 4.5 percent, respectively, since December.

Serious food security concerns in eastern part of Ukraine

The civil conflict, which began in spring 2014 in the eastern part of the Ukraine, has severely affected the overall food security situation in this area. Food reserves in these areas are reportedly fully depleted and infrastructure is partly destroyed. Furthermore, record prices of wheat products, as well as marketing disruption have led to an increasingly difficult food security situation. In response, an Emergency Operation (EMOP) was approved jointly by WFP and FAO on 10 November 2014 to provide food assistance consisting of about 878 tonnes of food and cash transfers for a total of USD 1.76 million to an estimated 120 000 IDPs, returnees and vulnerable residents affected by the conflict for a period of six months, until April 2015.











Relevant links:
From GIEWS:
 Food Price Data and Analysis Tool
 Earth Observation Indicators
 Maps
 Seasonal Indicators
 Vegetation Indicators
 Precipitation Indicators
 Graphs & Data
 NDVI & Precipitation
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles

Email this article Print     Subscribe FAO GIEWS RSS Subscribe GIEWS RSS Share this article  Share it

GIEWS   global information and early warning system on food and agriculture