Welcome to the multilingual database of Names of Countries and Territories (NOCS)

As of 1 May 2020, the Organization has 194 Member Nations, one Member Organization (European Union), and two Associate Members (Faroe Islands and Tokelau).

For detailed guidance on how to address designation or presentation of certain territories, please refer to Administrative Circular 2021/13 and the Annex thereto.

The designations employed and the presentation of information on this website do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of FAO concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The term “country” as used therein also refers, as appropriate, to territories or areas.

  • The Full Name is used in formal contexts (e.g. official agreements, formal invitations).  
  • The Short Name is used in most text, including normal text, boxes and footnotes, and when the name is part of a title or heading.
  • The Short Name for Lists and Tables is used in tables, figures (including maps), vertical and alphabetical lists, and in-text lists preceded by a colon.


Typically, the entry is formatted the way the name should be written, e.g. China, Hong Kong SAR, but there are two exceptions:

1. Rearrange the name when (the) is included in parentheses, e.g. Niger (the) is corrected to the Niger. The article can be omitted when the name is positioned at the start of a title or heading, e.g. United States of America GLOBEFISH Market Profile; after a colon, comma or en-dash; or when standing alone, such as when it is the heading of a section of text.

2. Rearrange Bolivia (Plurinational State of) to the Plurinational State of Bolivia, and similarly rearrange the following countries to: the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Federated States of Micronesia, the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela

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