FAO Treaties Database

About FAO Treaties

©FAO/Alessandra Benedetti

The Treaties Database consolidates information on the treaties deposited with the Director-General of FAO.


The Director-General of FAO acts as the Depositary of number of treaties, conventions or agreements. These include:

  1. Multilateral treaties approved under Article XIV of the FAO Constitution, under which the FAO Conference may approve and submit to Member Nations conventions and agreements concerning questions related to food and agriculture. These treaties operate within the framework of FAO.

  2. Multilateral treaties which are developed and operate outside the framework of FAO, where the Contracting Parties have requested the Director-General of FAO to discharge the Depositary functions.

  3. Bilateral agreements adopted under Article 15 of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, which calls for the conclusion of agreements between the Governing Body of the Treaty and International Agricultural Research Centres of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) that hold ex situ collections of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture in trust.

The Legal Office of FAO assists the Director-General in the performance of the Depositary functions.


Users have access to:

  1. the full text of each treaty in all its official languages;

  2. information on the status of each treaty (signature, entry into force, participation, declarations and reservations, withdrawals, amendments, etc.); and

  3. for each country or regional economic integration organization, a list of the treaties it has adhered to, the dates of its treaty actions (e.g. date of signature, date of deposit of an instrument of ratification, etc).

Users have also access to Circular State Letters, by which the Depositary notifies concerned countries and regional economic integration organizations of treaty actions, such as the deposit of an instrument of acceptance of a treaty by a State.

The Treaties Database is maintained in English, French and Spanish.

The Users Guide provides guidance on how to access the information available in the Database.