Reference Date: 08-October-2013
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Another record cereal crop is anticipated this year
Pasture conditions have also improved countrywide
Humanitarian assistance continues to be needed including for Malian refugees in the northern Sahel region
Cereal production is forecast to increase in 2013, for the second year running
Harvesting of the 2013 cereal crops has started in parts of the country, and overall prospects are favourable The late onset of the cropping season was followed by adequate precipitation and soil water reserves from July over the main producing areas. Satellite imagery analysis in early October indicates that good rains continued to fall over most of the country.The National Agricultural Statistics Service has forecasted another record harvest for this year. Moreover, pastures have been regenerating countrywide, improving livestock conditions.
In 2012, an above-average harvest was already gathered owing to favourable climatic conditions in the main cereal growing regions. According to the final estimates, the 2012 cereal output was estimated at about 4.89 million tonnes, 33 percent higher than the 2011 drought-affected output and 27 percent above the average of the past five years.
Prices of coarse grains continue to follow normal seasonal patterns in general
Reflecting the favourable prosptecs for this year’s crop and the 2012 good harvests, markets remain generally well supplied and coarse grains prices continue to follow normal seasonal patterns. For example, in Ouagadougou, milllet prices have been mostly stable since January 2013 and in September they were 21 percent below their levels a year earlier. Similarly, prices of imported rice, mainly consumed in urban centres, have remained relatively stable in recent months, in line with trends in international markets. Overall, food prices are likely to continue to follow normal patterns, in view of the relatively high supply levels in neighbouring countries and the declining international rice prices.
Continued assistance is still needed, especially for vulnerable people
In spite of the generally favourable food supply situation, the food security situation remains difficult in parts, mostly as a result of localized rainfall deficits in 2012 and the lingering effects of last year’s food crisis. The food insecure people are located mostly in the Sahel, North and East regions.
Moreover, the country is seriously affected by the influx of refugees from neighbouring Mali. According to UNHCR, there were about 50 000 Malian refugees in Burkina Faso
as of early September 2013, mostly in Oudalan and Soum provinces of the northern Sahel region, which has been already facing food insecurity and high malnutrition rates.