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Country Briefs

  Burkina Faso

Reference Date: 31-May-2019


  1. Favourable moisture conditions allow timely planting of crops in the south

  2. Above‑average harvest gathered in 2018

  3. Strong economic growth rate and low inflation rate

  4. Prices of coarse grains generally stable, but down from year earlier

  5. Food assistance to be continued for people affected by insecurity

Planting of cereal crops starts in the south under favourable conditions

In southern parts of the country (Banfora, Bobo Dioulasso and Gaoua), seasonal accumulation of rainfall since early May resulted in favorable moisture conditions for crop establishment. Planting of rice, maize, sorghum and millet, to be harvested from September, just started is underway In other parts of the country, rains are expected to start from Juneand land preparation is ongoing.

Pasture availability has seasonally declined in May. Field reports indicate large concentrations of livestock and overgrazing difficulties in conflict‑affected areas, including Djibo and Koutougou (province of Soum), Gorom‑gorom (Oudalan) and Dori (Séno).

Above‑average harvest gathered in 2018

The 2018 agricultural season was characterized by abundant, timely and well‑distributed rainfall as well as continued Government support to farmers through free/subsidized delivery of seeds and tools. As a result, the 2018 cereal production is estimated at 5.1 million tonnes, 16 percent above the last five‑year average and about 27 percent above the previous year’s poor output. Major year‑on‑year production increases, over 40 percent, have been registered for millet and sorghum.

Despite the above‑average 2018 cereal production, import requirements for the 2018/19 marketing year (November/October),mainly imported rice and wheat flour, are set at above‑average level of 700 000 tonnes due to the higher demand by traders to replenish their stocks.

Strong economic growth rate and low inflation rate

According to the Economic Intelligence Unit (EIU), the economic growth is expected to remain strong and relatively stable at an average of 6.1 percent in 2019, driven mostly by high levels of public investment, improved political stability, developpment in the agricultural and mining sectors and improved power supply.

Food inflation is minimal, averaging 1.83 percent from 2010 until 2019, reflecting stable domestic demand and food prices. Inflation will overall remain well below the UEMOA (Union Economique et Monétaire Ouest Africaine) convergence rate of 3 percent.

Prices of coarse grains generally stable, but down from year earlier

Despite the seasonal decline of cereal stock, market supply is overall satisfactory with regular internal trade flows. Prices of millet and sorghum remained stable or continued to decline in April and were generally well below their year-earlier levels due to good domestic availabilities. Prices of imported rice remained relatively stable due to the regular supply from the internationnal market.

Althgough livestock markets are also well supplied, civil insecurity continues to limit the transfer of animals towards conflict‑related areas in the provinces of Soum, Oudalan and Séno. Prices of small ruminants (goats and rams) have increased from 10 to 20 percent in conflict‑affected areas between April and March. By contrast, prices have declined in April by 10 percent in Dori as a result of the increased supply of livestock from neighboring Niger.

Continued assistance needed for vulnerable people

As of April 2019, the United Nation High Commissioner for Refugee (UNHCR) identified over 148 000 people that have been displaced, in the communes of Djibo, Arbinda and Kelbo (Soum province) and Barsalogho (Sanmatenga province). In addition, about 25 000 refugees, mostly from Mali, are still residing in the Sahel region. The activities of armed groups and inter‑community clashes limit the movement of people, the humanitarian assistance and functioning of markets. Most of displaced households are heavily dependent on humanitarian assistance.

According to the March 2019 “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis, about 420 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance in March to May 2019, down from 742 000 people in March toMay 2018. The figure is expected to increase to 687 000 people during the June to August 2019, if no mitigation actions are taken.

Disclaimer: The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of FAO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.