Reference Date: 09-March-2016
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Slightly above-average cereal crop in 2015
Coarse grain prices mostly stable in recent months and similar to year-earlier levels
Humanitarian assistance continues to be needed mostly for Malian refugees in northern Sahel region
Slightly above-average harvest gathered in 2015
There was a slow start of the rainy season in several parts of the country. However, precipitation increased significantly from July, improving soil water reserves and crop prospects across the country. Crop production increased slightly compared to last year and the five‑year average. The Ministry of Agriculture, Water Resources, Sanitation and Food Security gave a provisional estimate of the aggregate output of cereals at around 4.5 million tonnes, an increase of 1 percent over the average of the previous five years. In 2014, a below‑average harvest was gathered owing to delayed plantings of rice and coarse grains in several parts of the country. The 2014 cereal output was estimated at about 4.47 million tonnes, 8 percent lower than the 2013 record crop gathered and 0.5 percent below the average of the previous five years.
Coarse grain prices have been mostly stable in recent months and similar to year‑earlier levels
Markets remain generally well‑supplied and coarse grain prices have remained mostly stable in recent months. In February, millet and sorghum prices are generally stable and similar to their year‑earlier levels reflecting increased supplies from the 2015 harvests. Overall, food prices are likely to continue to follow normal patterns in view of the relatively high supply levels in neighbouring countries and the declining international rice prices.
Continued assistance still needed, especially for vulnerable people
In spite of the generally favourable food supply situation, food security conditions remain difficult in parts, especially in Oudalan and Soum provinces, mostly due to localized rainfall and cereal production deficits in 2015. The food insecure people are located mostly in the Sahel and Northern regions. Moreover, the country continues to host a large number of refugees from neighbouring Mali. According to UNHCR, there were still about 34 000 Malian refugees in Burkina Faso, mostly in Oudalan and Soum provinces of the northern Sahel region, which has already been facing food insecurity and high malnutrition rates. About 126 000 people are estimated to be in Phase: 3 “Crisis” and above, according to the last analysis of the Cadre Harmonisé (Harmonized Framework) conducted in the country.