Reference Date: 01-August-2016
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Early crop prospects are favourable due to adequate rainfall since beginning of cropping season
Coarse grain prices seasonally increased in recent months but remain similar to year-earlier levels
Humanitarian assistance continues to be needed mostly for Malian refugees in the northern Sahel region
Early prospects favourable for 2016 cropping season due to adequate rainfall
According to satellite images, rains have been generally adequate since the beginning of the growing season, allowing land preparation and planting of crops to progress. First significant rains were recorded in early April in the south and south-west. Precipitation progressed northwards over the entire country in May and June and remained generally widespread and sufficient since then. Crops are generally in the leafing stage in the Sudanian zone and emerging/tillering in the north and the Sahelian zone. Pastures are regenerating countrywide, improving livestock conditions.
The 2015 aggregate cereal production was estimated at some 4.2 million tonnes, 6 percent below the previous year’s output and 7 percent below average. Production of sorghum, the most important staple, dropped by 16 percent, while millet production declined slightly by 3 percent. Similarly, a below‑average harvest was gathered in 2014, owing to delayed plantings of rice and coarse grains in several parts of the country. The 2014 cereal output was estimated at about 4.47 million tonnes, 8 percent lower than the 2013 record crop gathered and 0.5 percent below the average of the previous five years.
Coarse grain prices have showed seasonal increases in recent months but are similar to year‑earlier levels
In spite of the reduced harvests, prices of locally grown millet, sorghum and maize, the main staples in the country, have shown a sustained downward trend from the beginning of the year to March 2016, reflecting adequate regional supplies. Prices seasonally increased in recent months but remain similar to their year‑earlier levels.
Continued assistance still needed, especially for vulnerable people
Food security conditions remain difficult in several regions, especially in Oudalan and Soum provinces, mostly due to rainfall and cereal production deficits in 2015. The food insecure people are located mostly in the Sahel and Northern regions. Moreover, the country continues to host a large number of refugees from neighbouring Mali. According to UNHCR, there were still about 33 000 Malian refugees in Burkina Faso, mostly in Oudalan and Soum provinces of the northern Sahel region, which has already been facing food insecurity and high malnutrition rates. About 126 000 people are estimated to be in Phase: 3 “Crisis” and above, according to the last analysis of the “Cadre Harmonisé” (Harmonized Framework) conducted in the country.