Reference Date: 27-February-2015
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Another above-average cereal crop was gathered in 2014
Cereal prices stable or declining, reflecting adequate regional supplies
Humanitarian assistance continues to be needed mostly for Malian refugees in northern Sahel region
An above-average harvest was gathered in 2014
There is little agricultural activity in this period, except for limited cultivation of some off-season crops. Planting of the 2015 cereal crops are expected to begin with the start of the rainy season from April.
Harvesting of the 2014 cereal crops was completed in December. A joint CILSS/FAO/WFP Crop Assessment Mission, which visited the country last November, estimated 2014 aggregate cereal production at some 4.6 million tonnes, 5 percent below the previous year’s record crop but 7 percent above average. Production of sorghum and millet , the most important staples, increased by 4 percent and 2 percent, respectively, compared to the average.
Cereal prices are mosly stable, reflecting ample regional supplies
Reflecting three consecutive years of good production, markets remain generally well supplied and coarse grains prices have remained mostly stable over the last two years. Similarly, prices of imported rice, mainly consumed in urban centres, have remained at almost the same level since 2010, in line with trends in international markets. Overall, food prices are likely to continue to follow normal patterns, in view of the relatively high supply levels in neighbouring countries and the declining international rice prices.
Continued assistance is still needed, especially for vulnerable people
In spite of the generally favourable food supply situation, the food security situation remains difficult in parts, mostly as a result of localized rainfall deficits in 2014. The food insecure people are located mostly in the Sahel and North regions. Moreover, the country has been seriously affected by the influx of refugees from neighbouring Mali. According to UNHCR, there were still about 32 000 Malian refugees in Burkina Faso as of early January 2015, mostly in Oudalan and Soum provinces of the northern Sahel region, which has been already facing food insecurity and high malnutrition rates.
About 264 000 people are estimated to be in Phase 3 (Crisis) and above, according to the last Cadre Harmonisé analysis conducted in the country.