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Country Briefs

  Burkina Faso

Reference Date: 17-October-2016

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. Early crop prospects are favourable due to adequate rainfall since beginning of cropping season

  2. Coarse grain prices seasonally increased in recent months and slightly above their year-earlier levels

  3. Humanitarian assistance continues to be needed mostly for Malian refugees in northern Sahel region

Cereal production forecast to increase in 2016 due to adequate rainfall and continued Government support

Harvesting of the 2016 cereal crops is underway. According to satellite-based estimates, rains have been generally adequate allowing satisfactory development of crops since the beginning of the growing season. First significant rains were recorded in early April in the south and southwest. Precipitation progressed northwards over the entire country in May and June and remained generally well‑distributed in time and space, with sufficient amounts. Moreover, the Government has been supporting planting activities by distributing seeds and providing farm equipment. Despite some localized crop losses due to flooding and attacks of the maize crop by caterpillars, the 2016 crop production is preliminarily estimated at slightly above average levels. Pastures have regenerated countrywide, improving livestock conditions.

The 2015 aggregate cereal production was estimated at some 4.2 million tonnes, 6 percent below the previous year’s output and 7 percent below average. Production of sorghum, the most important staple, dropped by 16 percent from 2014, while millet production declined slightly by 3 percent. Similarly, a below average harvest was gathered in 2014, owing to delayed plantings of rice and coarse grains in several parts of the country. The 2014 cereal output was estimated at about 4.47 million tonnes, 8 percent lower than the 2013 record crop gathered and 0.5 percent below the average of the previous five years.

Coarse grain prices have showed seasonal increases in recent months and are slightly above their year‑earlier levels

Prices seasonally increased in recent months and are slightly above their year‑earlier levels. However, the seasonal upward pressure was somewhat offset by favourable prospects for the 2016 cropping season.

Continued assistance still needed, especially for vulnerable people

Food security conditions remain difficult in several regions, especially in Oudalan and Soum provinces, mostly due to rainfall and cereal production deficits in 2015. The food insecure people are located mostly in the Sahel and Northern regions. Moreover, the country continues to host a large number of refugees from neighbouring Mali. According to OCHA, as of end of September 2016 there were still about 32 000 Malian refugees in Burkina Faso, mostly in Oudalan and Soum provinces of the northern Sahel region, which has already been facing food insecurity and high malnutrition rates. About 638 000 people are estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and above, according to the last analysis of the “Cadre Harmonisé” (Harmonized Framework) conducted in the country.