Reference Date: 16-January-2014
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Another record cereal crop was gathered in 2013
Pasture conditions have also improved countrywide
Humanitarian assistance continues to be needed mostlyfor Malian refugees in the northern Sahel region
A record crop gathered in 2013
Favourable weather conditions and continued government support towards the agriculture sector contributed to a good national cereal production for the second year in a row. A joint CILSS/FAO/FewsNet Crop Assessment Mission in November 2013 gave a provisional estimate of the aggregate output of cereals at around 5.1 million tonnes, an increase of 21 percent over the average of the previous five years.
In 2012, an above-average harvest was already gathered owing to favourable climatic conditions in the main cereal growing regions. The 2012 cereal output was estimated at about 4.89 million tonnes, 33 percent higher than the 2011 drought-affected output and 27 percent above the average of the previous five years.
A satisfactory food supply situation expected during the 2013/14 marketing year (November/October)
Reflecting two consecutive years of good production, markets remain generally well supplied and coarse grains prices have remained significantly lower than the 2012 crisi-affected levels. For example, in Ouagadougou, millet prices have been mostly stable since January 2013 and in Decmber they were 14 percent below their levels two years earlier. Similarly, prices of imported rice, mainly consumed in urban centres, have remained relatively stable in recent months, in line with trends in international markets. Overall, food prices are likely to continue to follow normal patterns, in view of the relatively high supply levels in neighbouring countries and the declining international rice prices.
Continued assistance is still needed, especially for vulnerable people
In spite of the generally favourable food supply situation, the food security situation remains difficult in parts, mostly as a result of localized rainfall deficits in 2013. The food insecure people are located mostly in the Sahel, North and East regions.
Moreover, the country is seriously affected by the influx of refugees from neighbouring Mali. According to UNHCR, there were about 50 000 Malian refugees in Burkina Faso
as of early November 2013, mostly in Oudalan and Soum provinces of the northern Sahel region, which has been already facing food insecurity and high malnutrition rates.