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Country Briefs

  Ecuador

Reference Date: 10-November-2016

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. Cereal production in 2016 declined from last year’s bumper level

  2. Cereal imports unchanged from last year in 2016/17 marketing year

  3. Maize prices increased seasonally in October

Cereal production in 2016 declined from last year’s bumper level

Total cereal production in 2016 is estimated at 2.7 million tonnes (paddy equivalent), 12 percent below the 2015 bumper output. The decline in cereal output mainly reflects lower 2016 maize production, as ample carryover stocks and low prices at the beginning of the season discouraged plantings. Lower yields in key-growing areas as a result of fungal and viral infections also contributed to the reduction in maize output. However, maize output remained above the five-year average. By contrast, strong price support and the provision of inputs by the Government helped maintain rice output at last year’s above‑average level.

Planting of the 2017 rice and maize crops is underway under relatively favourable weather conditions. Continued Government support in the form of inputs, coupled with high domestic prices, should increase sowings over last year’s reduced levels, particularly for maize.

Cereal imports unchanged from last year in 2016/17 marketing year

Cereal imports in the 2016/17 marketing year (July/June) are forecast to remain relatively unchanged from last year’s reduced level, mainly reflecting Government policy of the past several years to strongly support agricultural production, particularly rice and maize, in its goal to achieve self‑sufficiency.

Maize prices increased seasonally in October

Yellow maize prices in October strengthened following seasonal patterns and were somewhat above their year-earlier values due to a reduction in the main 2016 season output harvested earlier in the year and high internal demand.