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In 2013, 87% of all farms in The Netherlands were organized as family farms (Table 1). A farm is considered to be a family farm when at least 50% of total labour used at the farm originates from family labour. The rest of the farms employ more non-family labour (6%) or are organized as legal personality (6%). These latter types of farms are usually rather large non-family farms. Since the 1980s the number of family farms showed a steady annual decline of 2-3%. The number of farms employing more non-family labour and farms organized as legal personality increased in the period 1980-2000; afterwards their number stagnated. The proportion of family farms in the total number of farms in The Netherlands in 2013 was about of the same order of magnitude as in the EU (about 90%).

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Table 1 Number of family farms and other farms in The Netherlands,  1980-2013

Farms

Number of farms

Share in total number of farms (%)

Growth (% p.a.)

1980

2013

1980

2013

1980-1991

1991-2000

2000-2013

1980-2013

Legal personality

2269

4259

2

6

2.4

3.8

0.0

1.9

Share family labour < 50%

5198

4194

4

6

1.4

0.3

-3.0

-0.6

Share family labour >=50%

137462

59028

95

87

-1.7

-2.6

-2.9

-2.5

of which:

50-90%

11983

9380

8

14

0.0

-1.5

-0.8

-0.7

>= 90%

125479

49648

87

74

-1.9

-2.8

-3.3

-2.8

Total

144929

67481

100

100

-1.5

-2.3

-2.8

-2.3

Source: Dutch Agricultural census; adaptation LEI.

The proportion of family farms in the total number of farms varies according to farm type. In dairy, almost all farms are organized as family farms (Table 2). Most non-family farms are found in horticulture under glass (60% of the total number of farms) and horticulture in the open (one third). On the other farming types, the share of family farms fluctuates around 90%.

Table 2 Proportion of family farms in total number of farms according to farm type in The Netherlands, 2000-2013

Farm type

Share in total number of farms per farm type, 2013 (%)

Growth 2000-2013 (% p.a.)

Legal personality

Share family labour < 50%

Share family labour 50-90%

Share family labour >= 90%

Legal personality

Share family labour < 50%

Share family labour 50-90%

Share family labour >= 90%

Total number of farms

   Arable farming

6

4

14

77

1.3

0.3

2.6

-2.3

-1.5

   Horticulture under glass

29

31

15

24

-1.3

-6.4

-8.8

-8.2

-6.3

      Horticulture in the open

11

22

24

43

-0.1

-1.0

-2.4

-5.1

-3.3

Dairy

1

1

15

82

-0.5

-3.1

1.6

-2.9

-2.4

   Other grazing livestock

4

2

7

87

4.4

-0.4

3.0

-1.4

-1.0

   Intensive livestock

10

5

18

67

-1.6

-0.3

-0.6

-5.6

-4.4

   Mixed farming

4

5

16

75

-1.0

-3.6

-3.7

-7.3

-6.5

   Total

6

6

14

74

0.0

-3.0

-0.8

-3.3

-2.8

Source: Dutch Agricultural census; adaptation LEI.

The decline in the number of farms between 1980 and 2013 was accompanied by a significant exodus of labour from agriculture (Table 3). This decrease is the balance of divergent trends between the different farming types. Family farms with little non-family labour showed the biggest decline in the workforce: of every three workers in 1980, these farms had only one left in 2013. On the other hand, the volume of labour on farms organized as legal personality tripled between 1980 and 2013. The share of family farms employing between 50-90% family labours in the total labour use remained more or less the same. In contrast to labour, the share of family farms in total land use showed hardly any change: it decreases from just over 90% in 1980 to just below 90% in 2013 (Table 3). The shares of the non-family farms and farms organized as legal personality each rose from about 3% in 1980  to 6 -7% in 2013.

Table 3 Share of family farms in total agricultural labour and land use, 1980-2013 (%)

Share in labour use (%)

Growth labour volume 2000-2013 (% p.a

Share in agricultural land use (%)

Farms

1980

1991

2000

2013

1980

1991

2000

2013

Legal personality

5

10

15

25

2.0

3

4

5

6

Share family labour < 50%

9

14

20

19

-2.6

3

3

5

7

Share family labour 50 -90%

12

14

14

14

-2.1

12

12

13

20

Share family labour >= 90%

74

62

51

42

-3.6

82

81

77

68

All farms

100

100

100

100

-2.1

100

100

100

100

Total labour use (in AWU)/agricultural area (1000 ha)

252.770

225.894

212.129

160.387

-2.1

1.947

2.005

1.976

1.848

Source: Dutch Agricultural census; adaptation LEI.

The number of total (i.e. family and non-family) labour per ha on family farms is 3-4 times lower compared to non-family farms and farms organized as legal personality. Although the labour productivity on family farms tends to be somewhat higher than that on the other farms, the proportion of family farms in total agricultural output is below their share in land use: it decreased from over 85% in 1980 to about 60% in 2013.

 

Este texto ha sido proporcionado gentilmente por las autoridades de este país.

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