Reference Date: 06-February-2015
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
In spite of erratic rains at beginning of cropping season, preliminary estimates for 2014 harvest point to an above-average cereal production
High food prices persist in parts
Continued assistance is required to improve access to food and protect livelihoods of food-insecure and vulnerable people, including refugees and returnees
An above-average harvest was gathered in 2014
Harvesting of the 2014 cereal crops was completed in December. Most parts of the country witnessed erratic and below-average rains until mid-July that resulted in replanting in some areas. However, precipitation improved significantly since the last dekad of July over the main producing areas, thus replenishing water reserves, providing relief to stressed crops and improving crop conditions in most parts of the country. As a result, a joint CILSS/FAO/WFP Crop Assessment Mission, which visited the country recently, estimated 2014 aggregate cereal production at some 2.67 million tonnes, slightly above the previous year’s and 9 percent above average. However, the erratic rains affected pasture regeneration and water points’ level in pastoral areas of the country, notably in the Sahelian zone.
The 2013 aggregate cereal production, estimated at some 2.62 million tonnes, was 15 percent above average but 17 percent lower than the previous year’s bumper crop.
Relatively high cereal prices persist in major urban markets
Prices of millet and sorghum, the main staple crops, remained stable or declined in most markets over the past few months. In spite of these general price patterns, sorghum prices in Abeche and N’Djamena in December 2014 were still 27 percent and 16 percent, respectively, above last year’s levels. Insecurity in Chad’s neighbouring countries has affected commodity movement and led to increased influx of refugees and returnees, putting additional pressure on the domestic market.
Continued assistance is still needed for vulnerable people
Chad hosts a large number of refugees, due to the continuing civil conflict in the neighbouring countries of the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria and the Sudan. The influx of refugees increased dramatically over the past few months following the deterioration of the security situation in the Central African Republic and Nigeria. Over 110 000 people are estimated to have left the Central African Republic for Chad in 2014, while the escalating security conflict in Nigeria led to the influx of an estimated 17 000 Nigerians over the past few weeks. Overall, over 450 000 refugees are estimated to be currently living in Chad, while about 340 000 Chadians have returned to their country. The refugee crisis has exacerbated an already fragile food situation. Chad has been struck by successive severe food crises in recent years that have had very adverse, longer-term impact on household assets and savings. As a result of these various factors,
about 653 842 people are projected to be in Phase 3 (Crisis) and above from January-March 2015, according to the last Cadre Harmonisé analysis conducted in the country. An additional 2.2 million people are estimated to be in Phase 2: at risk of food insecurity.