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Reference Date: 06-August-2014

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. Early crop prospects are uncertain due to insufficient and irregular rains

  2. High food prices persist in parts

  3. Continued assistance is required to improve access to food and protect the livelihoods of food-insecure and vulnerable people, including refugees and returnees

Late and inadequate seasonal rains affect prospects for current crops and pastures

Erratic and insufficient rainfall since the beginning of the rainy season in May/June over most parts of the country have delayed plantings and affected growing crops and pastures. Satellite imagery analysis indicates negative Vegetation Anomaly in several areas of the country, mostly in the western part of the Sahelian zone which is predominantly pastoral. The Vegetation Index is estimated to be 40 to 60 percent below average (see map) in the Lac and Kanem regions. Low Vegetation Index is also estimated for several areas of the Sudanian zone which includes the most important crop producing regions of the country. Due to the earlier drier conditions, adequate rainfall in August will be critical for regeneration and development of crops and pastures.

Last year’s aggregate cereal production, estimated at some 2.6 million tonnes, was 15 percent above average but 17 percent lower than the previous year’s bumper crop.

High cereal prices persist in major urban markets

Prices of millet and sorghum, the main staple crops, remained stable or declined in most markets over the past few months. In spite of these general price patterns, sorghum and millet prices in Abeche in June 2014 were still 55 percent and 11 percent, respectively, above last year’s levels. In N’Djamena, millet prices in June were 8 percent above their levels a year ago. Increased influx of refugees and returnees due to insecurity in Chad’s neighbouring countries, have affected commodity movement and put additional pressure on the domestic market.

Continued assistance is still needed for vulnerable people

Chad hosts a large number of refugees, due to the continuing civil conflict in the neighbouring countries of the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria and the Sudan. The influx of refugees increased dramatically over the past few months following the deterioration of the security situation in the Central African Republic. Over 110 000 people are estimated to have left the Central African Republic for Chad between December 2013 and June 2014. As of June 2014, more than 461 000 refugees were living in Chad, while about 340 000 Chadians have returned to their country. The refugee crisis has exacerbated an already fragile food situation. Chad has been struck by successive severe food crises in recent years that have had very adverse, longer-term impact on household assets and savings. As a result of these various factors, about 811 570 people are estimated to be in Phase 3 (Crisis) and above during the lean season from June-August, according to the last Cadre Harmonisé analysis conducted in the country. An additional 3.1 million people are estimated to be in Phase 2: at risk of food insecurity.

The United Nations and humanitarian partners recently launched a three-year Regional Strategic Response Plan (RSRP) to provide aid to millions of people in nine countries of the Sahel belt. The country plan for Chad is seeking to mobilize USD 527 million to provide food and non-food assistance to nearly 4 million people across the country.







Relevant links:
From GIEWS:
 As of Oct 2014, included in the list of "Countries Requiring External Assistance for Food"
 Cereal Supply/Demand Balance Sheet
 Food Price Data and Analysis Tool
 Earth Observation Indicators
 Maps
 Seasonal Indicators
 Vegetation Indicators
 Precipitation Indicators
 Graphs & Data
 NDVI & Precipitation
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles