Reference Date: 30-June-2016
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Favorable rains received at start of cropping season with pockets of dryness in Sudanian zone
Prices of millet and sorghum remained mostly stable in recent months
Continued assistance required to improve access to food and protect livelihoods of food-insecure and vulnerable people, including refugees and returnees
Growing season started in most parts of the country
Following the first rains in mid-March in the extreme south and in mid-April in the southwest, precipitation progressed northwards in the Sahelian zone in June. According to satellite-based images, from April to the second dekad of June, precipitations were mostly favourable with pockets of localized dryness observed in the Sudanian zone. Land preparation and sowing of coarse grains are in progress in the Sahelian zone, while in the Sudanian zone crops are emerging.
The 2015 aggregate cereal production was estimated at some 2.45 million tonnes, 11 percent below the previous year’s output and 9 percent below average. Lower pastures, early drying of ponds and waterholes as well as early transhumant descent towards the South, characterized the pasture situation. An above-average crop was gathered in 2014. Aggregate cereal production was estimated at about 2.7 million tonnes, 5 percent above the previous year’s output and 12 percent above average.
In spite of the reduced crop in Chad, coarse grain prices have been mostly stable throughout 2015 and 2016 so far, reflecting adequate regional supplies and imports from neighbouring countries.
Food security continues to be affected by civil insecurity in neighbouring countries
Chad hosts a large number of refugees due to the continuing civil conflict in neighbouring countries: Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria and the Sudan. According to OCHA, as of May 2016, about 101 157 people have been internally displaced, including an estimated 56 000 people displaced recently in the sub‑prefectures of Daboua and Liwa due to insecurity in the Lake Chad Region. In addition, over 380 000 refugees are estimated to be currently living in Chad, while about 91 383 Chadians have returned to the country. As a result of these various factors, over 1 000 000 people are currently estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and above and are in need of urgent assistance across the country, according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.