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The Proceedings of the Global Symposium on Soil Organic Carbon 2017 (GSOC17) presents the abstracts of all scientific presentations held during the GSOC17 (21 - 23 March 2017). 103 oral presentations and 35 poster presentations built the core of this event triggering fruitful discussions on the state-of-science in measuring, preserving and enhancing soil organic carbon in different soils of the world. 


This manual was prepared for conducting the seminar on innovative methods of reclamation and management of saline soils, which was held in Kharkov, Ukraine, in April 2017. This seminar is part of the Implementation Plan of the Eurasian soil partnership, which is a sub-regional partnership of the Global Soil Partnership. The main objectives of the Global Soil Partnership (GSP) and Regional Soil Partnerships (RSP) is the development of global and regional action plans for sustainable management and monitoring the limited soil resources as a key element in ensuring food security and environmental functions of soils. RSP rely on existing regional networks linking national and local networks, partners, projects and activities to ensure that the partnership will be guided by the national interests of all countries belonging to it. RSP should provide guidance for the development of regional goals, priorities and the required implementation mechanisms, and make regular assessments of progress in achieving the overall goals and objectives.


This cookbook provides generic methodologies and the technical steps to produce a SOC map. This includes step-by-step guidance for developing 1 km grids for SOC stocks, as well as for the preparation of local soil data, the compilation and processing of ancillary spatial data sets, upscaling methodologies, and uncertainty assessments. Guidance is mainly specific to soil carbon data, but also contains many generic sections on soil grid development due to its relevance for other soil properties.
The main focus of the guidance is on the upscaling of SOC stocks in the GSOCMap and as such the cookbook supplements the “GSP Guidelines for sharing national data/information to compile a Global Soil Organic Carbon (GSOC) map”. It provides technical guidelines to prepare and evaluate spatial soil data sets to:
• Determine SOC stocks from local samples to a target depth of 30 cm;
• Prepare spatial covariates for upscaling; and
• Select and apply the best suitable upscaling methodology.


International aviation is responsible for 1.3 per cent of global anthropogenic CO2 emissions. Even considering the technological and operational improvements planned by the International Civil Aviation Organization, a gap of 523 megatonnes CO2 emissions remains to meet their set emission reduction targets. This informative note presents soil carbon sequestration as an option for offsetting this emissions through a market-based mechanism within the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation. Success stories of FAO projects such as the development and implementation of the Quesungual System in Honduras can enhance soil carbon stocks, thus mitigating increasing contents of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and at the same time improving food security and climate change resilience.


Outcome Document of the Global Symposium on Soil Organic Carbon. The overall aim of the symposium was to review the role of soils and SOC in the context of climate change, sustainable development and land degradation neutrality (LDN). The three-day symposium was structured around three main themes focusing on the assessment of SOC, the maintenance and increase of SOC stocks, and SOC management in specific types of soil.

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