FAO Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia

FAO Regional Priority Programme

Ecosystems and landscapes in Europe and Central Asia are highly fragile and sensitive to climate change and environmental shocks due to systematic natural resources depletion caused by unsustainable agricultural practices. In the past decade, the region’s biodiversity of food and agriculture eroded substantially. FAO aims to provide countries with strategies and mechanisms for addressing the interlinked challenges of climate change, natural resources management, biodiversity maintenance and environmental sustainability while transitioning to more climate-resilient and sustainable agrifood systems. This work contributes to regional efforts to achieve the 2030 Agenda, Paris Agreement, and other international commitments.

This Regional Priority Programme supports Member Nations in strengthening national capacities and enhancing processes for sustainable natural resources management; adapting and mitigating climate change and reducing disaster risks in agriculture, forestry and fisheries; preserving biodiversity through natural capital investment, innovation and public–private partnerships; and reducing the environmental impacts of agrifood systems – including pollution and chemical and plastic wastes – through bioeconomy and socially inclusive and equitable approaches.

The Regional Priority Programme promotes achievement of the Paris Agreement, the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030, the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Sustainable Development Goals, especially goals 1, 2, 6, 12, 13 and 15. It also contributes to the FAO Strategic Framework 2022–31 and its four betters.

The Regional Priority Programme offers a regional mechanism to assist countries in accessing climate finance, such as the Green Climate Fund (GCF) and the Global Environmental Facility (GEF), including tools and thematic support to formulate interventions at the nexus of climate change, food security, gender and rural poverty.

The Priority Programme works through three main components:
The Priority Programme leverages four FAO accelerators:
  • Technology: The Regional Priority Programme promotes the most appropriate climate technologies, green technology and local knowledge to enhance evidence-based decision-making and help increase the efficiency and climate-resilience of agrifood systems.

  • Innovation: The Regional Priority Programme supports countries in envisaging a new paradigm on agriculture, fisheries and forestry, helping them promote production while supporting environmental sustainability. Innovation is key to achieving this goal. This Priority Programme aims to make available science-based evidence and frameworks in collaboration with academic institutions.

  • Data: To support the uptake of innovative, climate-smart technologies and policies, it is important that disaggregated data related to climate and environmental impacts be available at the national level. Data collection and dissemination are important for the deliverance of the Priority Programme’s goals across varied subjects, linking to the Hand-in-Hand Priority Programme’s geospatial platform.

  • Complements: The Regional Priority Programme contributes to strengthening national and institutional capacities to develop and assess trade-offs and implement and sustain evidence-based policies and strategies for climate action, natural resources management, biodiversity and bioeconomy.
Featured news
Celebrating the dry seeds of life

There is a growing trend to produce and consume sustainable food motivated both by concerns for health and for the world that future generations will...

FAO supports Kyrgyzstan's shift to more sustainable mountain management

FAO conducts national training on mountain vulnerability assessment in Bishkek, the capital of Kyrgyzstan. Assessing the vulnerability of mountain societies...

Successful conclusion of FISHCap project offers promise for new ventures

In Central Asia, sustainable fisheries and aquaculture represent significant untapped potential, yet enhancing institutional capacity for increased...

Green technologies enable a better future for Moldovan farmers

A project of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) with financial support from the Green Climate Fund (GCF) on mainstreaming...

Biodiversity framework tops agenda as experts on Europe’s forests and forest industry meet

A joint session of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) European Forestry Commission and the United Nations Economic Commission...

Experts lay plans for obsolete pesticides in Central Asia, Türkiye during Baku workshop

It is estimated that around half the obsolete pesticides in the world can be found in the former Soviet Union, with a large portion currently sitting...

Transforming agriculture to combat climate change

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) works to support countries to move to sustainable agriculture, adapt to climate change...

Agricultural heritage benefits today’s urban agrifood systems

To raise awareness of the importance of work to strengthen urban agrifood systems in the region of Europe and Central Asia, the Food and Agriculture...

Pesticide registration, integrated pest management advancing in Central Asia, Türkiye

An FAO project taking place in Türkiye and four Central Asian countries has made enormous strides in reducing the use of dangerous pesticides and promoting...

FAO: biodiversity conservation and resiliency linked

According to estimates, in Europe and Central Asia, 42 percent of monitored terrestrial animal and plant species have declined in population in the...

Biopesticides are a safe and effective tool against locusts in Central Asia

By definition, pesticides are a poison. These chemicals denigrate and pollute the soil, water, air, plants, and other insects and organisms essential...

©FAO/ Tetyana Brivko
Ukraine’s national seed collection relocates to a secure site

Unique plant genetic resources have been transported over a thousand kilometres from Kharkiv to the west of Ukraine.

In Kyrgyzstan, FAO and partners aim to help restore ecosystems critical to combating climate change

Whenever we drink water, eat fruit or take a deep breath, we should thank the forests that make it all possible. Forests and trees play a crucial role...

Upgrading traditional techniques boosts production of famous Azerbaijani tomatoes

Sayad village is one of the most ancient settlements nestled on the Caspian Sea coast of Azerbaijan’s Khachmaz district. It’s long been famous for its...

FAO assists seed system management in four countries of southern Europe and Central Asia

Seed quality management, seed policy frameworks, and principles and elements for seed quality assurance and certification were the main topics during...

Global Environment Facility pledges support for FAO climate change projects in Türkiye

FAO, in cooperation with the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry of the Republic of Türkiye, has been granted financial support of about USD 45...

FAO promotes science and innovation for greener agrifood systems

Recent global events have thrown a spotlight on the urgency for more sustainable, resilient, and inclusive agrifood systems and have also shown us possible...

Regional webinar fosters more sustainable soil management

Healthy soils are the prerequisite for healthy plants and crops, and consequently for healthy food. 

Embedding cross-cutting themes:
  • Inclusion of Indigenous Peoples, women, youth, and poor and vulnerable communities
  • Regional Technical Platform on Green Agriculture

This Regional Priority Programme also contributes to the promotion of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS), supporting the acknowledgment of traditional, highly valuable agricultural systems in the region that are examples of heritage to be preserved. The GIAHS programme recognizes these systems as outstanding landscapes of aesthetic beauty that combine agricultural biodiversity, resilient ecosystems, and valuable cultural heritage. Located in specific sites around the world, these systems sustainably provide multiple goods and services, food, and livelihood security for millions of small-scale farmers.


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Kyiv (Ukraine), Hybrid Event, 27/06/2023

Invited speakers will present the main achievements of the project, review its challenges, and describe further plans and opportunities. The project was a joint initiative of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and Global Environment Facility (GEF), the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Natural Resources of Ukraine, and the Ministry of Agrarian Policy a...

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Virtual Event, 21/06/2023 - 22/06/2023

The interlinked climate change and biodiversity-related crises top the charts of short-term and long-term risks the world will face over the next decade. The restoration, conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity are critical to addressing global environmental challenges, building our ...

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Bishkek (Kyrgyzstan), Hybrid Event, 11/04/2023

On Tuesday 11 April FAO is organizing the launch of the FAO-GCF project “Carbon Sequestration through climate investment in forests and rangelands (CS-FOR) in the Kyrgyz Republic”.

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Qakh (Azerbaijan), Hybrid Event, 24/05/2023

The FAO Subregional Office for Central Asia is organizing a hybrid event “Nature-based solutions related to apiculture and wild pollinators” on 24 May 2023.

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Virtual Event, 27/03/2023

2030 is seven years away and we are far from achieving the SDGs. We are at risk of not achieving in full the targets related to agrifood systems by 2030. Climate change, along with other drivers and crises, is already undermining the recent progress made in promoting sustainable rural livelihoods and fighting against all forms of malnutrition. To continue ensuring food security and nutrition...

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Yerevan (Armenia), 13/03/2023 - 17/03/2023

In the framework of the regional programme on seed system and the project titled “Creating enabling environments for enhanced climate resilience in agriculture”, FAO Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia is organizing a regional training between 13-17 March 2023 Yerevan, Armenia, to strengthen seed system management in South European and Central Asia c...

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Virtual Event, 14/12/2022

Agrifood systems in Europe and Central Asia are deeply affected by geopolitical and economic uncertainties which impact both directly and indirectly on food supply chains, and have repercussions in food markets; moreover, they are threatened by environmental, human-driven long-term stresses, such as climate change, deforestation, biodiversity loss and natural resource degradation.

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Hybrid Event, 05/12/2022 - 06/12/2022

Let’s celebrate World Soil Day 2022! As soils provide most of our food and are central to our planet’s life-support system. Without healthy soils, we cannot sustain healthy lives.

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Hybrid Event, 30/09/2021

In the frame of the European Union-funded project on the development of sustainable and inclusive local agrifood systems in north-west region of Azerbaijan, the Republic of Azerbaijan embarked on identifying potential agricultural heritage systems in its north-west region. 

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Hybrid Event, 16/11/2021 - 17/11/2021

11:00 – 13:00 (CET) FAO supports member countries in mainstreaming biodiversity conservation and sustainable use in the agriculture sector. Following the first global multi-stakeholder dialogue, and in line with its mandate to coordinate a collective effort, FAO convenes the first regional dialogue on biodiversity mainstreaming for Europe and Central Asia.

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Hybrid Event, 22/02/2022

10.00-13.00 (CET) The FAO Regional Workshop, “The Road Ahead after COP26: Enhancing Targets and Compliance with Enhanced Transparency Framework (ETF) for Agriculture and LULUCF” aims to support the developing states and emerging economies of the Europe a...