FAO's role in nutrition
Good nutrition is our first defence against disease and our source of energy to live and be active. Nutritional problems caused by an inadequate diet can be of many sorts, and when they affect a generation of youngsters, they can lower their learning capacities, thus compromising their futures, perpetuating a generational cycle of poverty and malnutrition, with severe consequences on both individuals and nations.
While young children are the most vulnerable to malnutrition, the right to adequate food is universal and good nutrition is essential for all. Problems of malnutrition –undernutrition, micronutrient deficiencies and obesity – exist in all countries and cut across socio-economic classes.
Emerging challenges, such as climate change, environmental sustainability and rapid technological shifts, are transforming food systems and raising questions about how to feed a growing world population in sustainable ways.
At the same time, uneven economic growth, social and economic transformations and other factors are shaping food systems and diets. As a result, the prevalence of overweight, obesity and related non-communicable diseases are increasing while undernutrition and micronutrient deficiencies persist.
FAO Nutrition Strategy seeks to improve diets and raise levels of nutrition through a people-centered approach:
- Support and facilitate action in the followup of ICN2, the 2014 Second International Conference on Nutrition; as well as co-convene the UN Nutrition Decade of Action on Nutrition, declared in April 2016 by the UN General Assembly, and lead the implementation its Work Programme jointly with the World Health Organization (WHO), in collaboration with key partners.
- Research on and release of evidence, data and guidelines on food-based nutrition including food composition, nutrition assessment and food-based indicators, and human requirements ).
- Develop countries’ capacities to evaluate and monitor nutrition situations, analyze options, and implement agricultural policies and programmes that impact positively on nutrition.
- Provide tools, guidance and support for the scaling up of proper nutrition education and consumer awareness at national and local levels.
- Pulses and food & nutrition education in schools
- Infants and young children
- School food
- Sustainable food consumption and production
- SAVE FOOD: Global Initiative on Food Loss and Waste Reduction
- Food Loss and Food Waste
- Sustainable Food Value Chains Knowledge Platform
- Nutrition in Emergencies
- Nutrition and Forests
- Nutrition and Fisheries
- The Right to Food