02 February 2023, 08:30 hours; Rome
Hazard: African swine fever (ASF) is a viral disease affecting pigs and wild boar with up to 100% case fatality rate.
ASF reported countries since August 2018: China, Mongolia, Viet Nam, Cambodia, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Myanmar, The Philippines, Republic of Korea, Timor-Leste, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, India, Malaysia, Bhutan, Thailand, Nepal.
Map 1. ASF situation in Asia (for the past 10 weeks)
Source: Viet Nam: WAHIS & media information, Republic of Korea, the Philippines, Indonesia, Timor-Leste: WAHIS and government websites, Other: WAHIS.
Since its first report on 15 January 2019, 11 outbreaks in 6 provinces and in Ulaanbaatar have been reported, around 3 000 pigs were lost due to the ASF, with the latest onset being April 2019 [reference1, reference2, reference3].
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
The Ministry of Agriculture confirmed the occurrence of the first ASF outbreak in Chagang-do on 23 May 2019 [reference].
Republic of Korea
Since the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (MAFRA) confirmed the first ASF outbreak on 17 September 2019, ASF was detected in 28 domestic pig farms: Gyeonggi-do ( 13), Incheon City (5), and Gangwon-do (13). On 22 January 2023, 9 pigs died on a farm (2 500 pigs) in Gimpo City, Gyeonggi-do, and tested positive for ASF [reference1]. As of 1 February 2023, a total of 2 799 ASF virus infected wild boars were confirmed in: Gyeonggi-do: Paju (100), Yeoncheon (418), Pocheon (94), Gapyeong (62), Taebeak (2); Gangwon-do: Cheorwon (36), Hwacheon (425), Chuncheon (222), Yanggu (81), Goseong (12), Inje (158), Yeongwol (194), Yangyang (36), Gangneung (108), Hongcheon (63), Pyeongchang (43), Sockho (1), Jeongseon (168), Hoengseong (57), Samcheok (71), Wonju (29), and Donghae (8) Chungcheongbuk-do: Danyang (98), Jecheon (70), Boeun (74), Chungju (53), and Goesan (1); Gyeongsangbuk-do: Sangju (45), Uljin (10), Mungyeong (46), Yeongju (3), Bonghwa (10) and Yecheon (1) [reference2], according to media.
Since the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs (MARA) confirmed the first outbreak in Liaoning Province on 3 August 2018, ASF were detected in 32 provinces/autonomous regions/municipalities/special administrative region. The last reported outbreak was in February 2022 in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.
Since the Department of Agriculture (DA) confirmed the first outbreak started in July 2019, as of July 2022, 53 provinces have experienced ASF outbreaks [reference1]. On Visayas, as of 31 January 2023, ASF virus is present in 19 municipalities in Iloilo Province, namely Alimodian, Badiangan, Banate, Barotac Nuevo, Barotac Viejo, Batad, Dingle, Duenas, Dumangas, Ilo-Ilo City, Janiuay, Leganes, Mina, New Lucena, Oton, San Dionisio, San Miguel, Sta. Barbara, and Zarraga and the towns of Buenavista and Jordan in Guimaras Province. The latest map on ASF zoning status (as of 25 January) is available [reference2].
The first ASF outbreaks were confirmed in February 2021 in Sabah State on Borneo [reference1], and has also been reported in Sarawak State [reference2]. On the Malay Peninsula, ASF was first reported in December 2021, and has been reported in Melaka, Pahang, Perak, Johor, Negeri Sembilan, Trengganu and Kelantan states [reference3]. According to media, in Perak State, ASF was detected between December and 13 January on four farms in Batang Padang district (1) and in Kuala Kangsar district (3) [reference4]; and in Negeri Sembilan State, a decayed carcass of an adult male wild boar was found on a farm in Pasir Panjang, Port Dickson on 3 January, the bone samples tested positive for ASF by real time PCR [reference5]. In Penang State, since ASF outbreak was detected in Seberang Perai Selatan District on 6 January, a total of 23 farms, account for nearly 20% of its pig population of the state have been affected in: Seberang Perai Selatan District (17 farms), Seberang Perai Utara District (4), Seberang Perai Tengah District (2) , according to media [reference6].
Since the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) reported an ASF outbreak in North Sumatra Province in 2019 [reference1, reference2], ASF has been officially reported in 18 out of 34 provinces on: Sumatera (Lampung, North, South, West, Riau, Jambi), Bangka Belitung, Java (Central, West, Yogyakarta, East, Banten), Kalimantan (Central, North, East, West), Bali and East Nusa Tenggara. The Directorate General of Livestock and Animal Health Services posted ASF outbreaks on its Integrated real-time animal health and production information system (iSIKHNAS). During 2022, a total of 6 900 pigs were affected, of which 77% was in West Kalimantan [reference3, reference4]. Media reported that in North Sumatra Province, 2 000 pigs have died suddenly in Medan City and Deli Serdang, Karo, and Serdang Bedagai and Humbang Hasundutan Regencies [reference5, reference6]; and in East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) Province, a total of 256 domestic pigs died of ASF quoting the Animal Health and Veterinary Public Health Division of the NTT Animal Husbandry Service; since mid-December as of 26 January 2023, the deaths were reported from eight districts/cities namely Kupang District (75 pigs), Kupang City (39), and Sikka (42), Ende (41), East Flores (33), Southwest Sumba (22), North Central Timor (3), and West Sumba (1) regencies [reference7, reference8]. According to various media sources, pigs have been transferred from an island to another to fulfil consumer and re-stocking needs: 9 000 pigs were brought into West Kalimantan around Luner New Year [reference9]; a total of 300 pigs were sent from Kupang to Sikka, East Flores and other regencies at 50 pigs each, and 40 pigs to Ende [reference10, reference11].
After the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries announced the confirmation of ASF outbreak on 27 September 2019 [reference1], ASF spread to almost all villages within one year. At least 129 000 pigs, 28 percent of the total pig population, have died for ASF or CSF [reference2], affected >70 percent of households [reference3].
Papua New Guinea
The National Agriculture Quarantine and Inspection Authority (NAQIA) confirmed ASF outbreaks in Southern Highlands Province in March 2020 [reference1, reference2]. To prevent further spread, the entire Highlands region and Morobe Province have been declared as “Disease Area”, although Morobe province remains ASF-free status.
Since the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) confirmed its first ASF outbreak on 19 February 2019, all provinces/municipalities experienced outbreaks.
Figure 1. Cumulative number of affected communes since January 2020 in Viet Nam
Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Since the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry confirmed the first ASF outbreak in Salavan Province on 20 June 2019, ASF outbreaks were reported in all 18 provinces [reference]. In November 2022, ASF was confirmed in pigs in Kham District, Xiangkhouang Province.
Since the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) confirmed the first ASF outbreak in Ratanakiri Province in April 2019, ASF outbreaks were detected in five provinces [reference1]. The last reported outbreak was in July 2019 [reference2].
Department of Livestock Development (DLD) announced in January 2022 the confirmation of ASF in pet pigs in Bangkok [reference1]. On 5 January 2023, 7 new ASF outbreaks in domestic pigs started between 16 November and 25 December and 1 continuing outbreak were posted on WAHIS [reference2]. As of 5 January 2023, a total of 114 outbreaks have been reported in 35 out of 77 provinces/special administrative area, with the latest reported outbreak occurred on 25 December 2022 in Phetchaburi Province [reference3]. Meanwhile, ten wild boar carcasses were found at the Khlong Wang Sai Watershed Forest in Yala Province, according to media [reference4].
Since the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation confirmed the first ASF outbreak in August 2019, a total of 11 outbreaks were reported in Shan (7), Kachin (1), Kayah (1) states, and Sagaing Region (2) [reference1, reference2, reference3, reference4, reference5; reference6; reference7] with the latest outbreak reported in June 2021.
Since the first ASF outbreak occurred in May 2021 in Phuentsholing, Chhukha District [reference1], ASF outbreaks have been reported in southern part of the country, in April 2022 in Samphelling, Chhukha District, in November in Samdrup Jongkhar and Sarpang districts, and in December in Sarpang District [reference2, reference3, reference4]. A new outbreak in Bhur, Sarpang District was reported on 15 January 2023 [reference5].
Since the first ASF outbreaks occurred in Kathmandu Valley in March 2022 [reference1], ASF outbreaks in pig farms have been reported in areas in Hill eco-zone near Kathmandu and Pokhara, and in multiple districts in southern Terai eco-zone. So far 33 outbreaks in 16 districts have been reported namely: Bagmati Province (Bhaktapur, Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Kavrepalanchok, and Chitwan districts), Province No.1 (Sunsari, Jhapa and Morang districts), Lumbini Province (Bardiya and Dang districts), Gandaki Province (Kaski and Syangja districts), Karnali Province (Surkhet and Jajarkot districts), Sudurpashchim Province (Kailali District) and Madhesh Province (Bara District) [reference2]. According to media, ASF cases were also confirmed in Myagdi District in Gandaki Province [reference3].
Since the first ASF outbreaks occurred in Assam State in January-April 2020 [reference1], ASF outbreaks have been officially reported in Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland [reference2 ], Sikkim [reference3], Bihar [reference4], Kerala [reference5], Punjab [reference6, reference7] and Haryana states [reference8]. According to media, ASF was also confirmed in Gujarat [reference9], Jharkhand [reference10], Karnataka [reference11], Madhya Pradesh [reference12], Rajasthan [reference9], Tripura [reference13], Uttarakhand [reference14], Uttar Pradesh [reference15] states, and Delhi Union Territory [reference16]; for the past one month, ASF cases have been detected in Kerala (Kasaragod and Kottayam districts) [reference17, reference18], Punjab (Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar District) [reference19], and Madhya Pradesh (Rewa, Sidhi, Jabalpur, Shahdol, Mandla, Katni, Satna, Shivpuri, Tikamgarh, and Damoh districts) [reference20, reference21]. Media reported that ASF was also suspected in Bandipur Tiger Reserve (Chamarajanagar District, Karnataka State) and Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (MTR, Nilgiris District, Tamil Nadu State) in the Sigur Plateau where animals moving freely between the two reserves; and in Gudalur forest range [reference22, reference23, reference24, reference25]; in Karnataka, 19 wild boars found dead in Bandipur Tiger Reserve a month ago; in Tamil Nadu, more than 50 wild boars died in Nilgiris District near the MTR such as in Kothagiri, Keelkothagiri, Coonoor, Manjoor and Ooty. In both places ASF was suspected as the cause. ASF has not been reported in domestic pigs in Nilgiris district [reference26, reference27].
Disputed territory(Arunachal Pradesh)
In April 2020, ASF outbreak occurred in eight districts [reference1, reference2], deaths of wild boars were also reported [reference3, reference4]. ASF was also confirmed in pigs died in Nirjuli area between December 2021 and February 2022 [reference5] according to media.
Actions taken by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea developed the National Strategy for ASF prevention and control during 2020-2025 (issued in May 2021).
Actions taken by the Republic of Korea
In response to the outbreak confirmed on 22 January, the ASF Task Force 1. dispatched initial quarantine team and an epidemiological investigation team, to conduct movement control of livestock, vehicles to the farm, disinfection, and epidemiological investigation, 2. placed a 48-hour standstill order on workers and vehicles of pig farms, slaughterhouses and feed factories etc livestock-related facilities in the Gyeonggi area (including Cheorwon and Incheon, Gangwon), 3. Conducted high level inspection (PCR) on 107 pig farms within 10 km from outbreak farm and other epidemiological related pig farms, and clinically checked 286 farms that visited slaughterhouses to which the outbreak farm had contact, 4. mobilized all available disinfection resources (92 units) to intensively disinfect pig farms and surrounding roads in 36 cities/counties in the Gyeonggi area (including Cheorwon and Incheon, Gangwon). In addition, raising awareness nationwide and all farms in the Gyeonggi area. Pig farms are requested to let vehicles entering and exiting the farm passing through a disinfection facility, with supplementary disinfection of the wheels and lower parts with a high-pressure sprayer [reference1, reference2].
Actions taken by China
In April 2021, MARA issued the “Work Plan for Regional Prevention and Control of African Swine Fever and Other Major Animal Diseases (Trial)”. The whole country was divided into five regions, and pig movement has been restricted only within the region. ASF-free zones are created in each region, only pigs from the free zones, breeding pigs and piglets are allowed to move beyond respective regions [reference1]. On 16 January 2023, China Centre for Animal Disease Control and Prevention (CADC) released the Technical Guidelines on ASF Prevention and Control during the Spring Festival [reference2].
Actions taken by the Philippines
The reduced tariff rates of imported pork has been extended until 31 December 2023 [reference1]. The local authorities are mandated to strictly follow the National Zoning implementation and movement plan depending on the level of ASF risks [reference2]. In Bicol Region, out of the 65 towns/cities reported ASF from 2020 to 2022, 36 are now in the pink zones or ASF-free. The Department of Agriculture-Bicol (DA-5) distributed piglets to 23 municipalities as part of its swine repopulation program (BABay ASF). The program is being implemented in partnership with the local governments, pig farmers’ groups and the private sector, targeting to distribute 4,275 piglets to the pig farmer in municipalities previously affected by ASF and had no reported ASF cases for at least 80 days [reference3]. On Visayas, the Iloilo provincial government is planning to strengthen the biosecurity measures especially on backyard farms; and start pig repopulation in red zone areas using artificial insemination to prevent possible ASF transmission [reference4]. The DA-6 (Western Visayas) may start pig repopulation in Oton only after carrying out a risk assessment. An environmental surveillance has been started to check if the red zone areas are already disease-free to start repopulation [reference5, reference6]. Cebu and Aklan provinces banned the importation of pigs and pork products from ASF affected areas [reference7, reference8], while Antique Province maintains intensified border checkpoints [reference9], and Negros Occidental Province with a PHP 6-billion (USD 110 million) pig industry, closely watching the ports of entry in the south where people and goods from the neighbouring islands regularly pass through [reference10]. To control the spread of ASF and other animal diseases, the Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI) handed over a disinfection vehicle to Aklan Province in January 2023 [reference11].
Figure 2. Live pig prices in China, Viet Nam, Cambodia, the Philippines and Thailand (USD/kg)
Actions taken by Malaysia
After the first confirmed outbreak in Sabah State, surveillance has been intensified in the whole country [reference1]. The government of Penang has declared ASF as state disaster [reference2]; initially there was an issue in finding burial site for culled pigs, however with the help of local authorities all the pigs in Seberang Perai Selatan District have been buried in areas far from public settlements. Veterinary Services Department (JPV) Penang is sampling and destroying pigs infected with ASF with support from JPV Putrajaya [reference3]; Negeri Sembilan State issued a ban on wild boar hunting [reference4]; In Perak State, all farms that are ASF suspected/confirmed have been quarantined; a movement restriction has been imposed on all farms located within a 2 km radius and farms that shared pig transport vehicles until surveillance is completed. Pig farmers are also advised to enhance farm biosecurity, and contact the Department of Veterinary Services for any domestic/wild pig death [reference5], according to media.
Actions taken by Indonesia
In December 2019, Ministry of Agriculture recommended the public the application of biosecurity and good management of pig farms as the main strategic steps to prevent ASF, as well as strict and intensive monitoring of high-risk areas [reference1]; the Livestock and Animal Health Services (DG PKH) formed Emergency Posts with Rapid Response Teams at all levels [reference2]. Recently, Lembata and East Flores Regencies in East Nusa Tenggara Province announced a ban on bringing livestock or processed pork products from outside the area to prevent the spread of ASF [reference3, reference4]. After five samples tested positive for ASF, Sikka Regency issued a letter (524.3/08/I/2023) requesting villages to be vigilant. Maumere Quarantine Office confiscated 12 insulated boxes at the Lorens Say Maumere Port, Sikka Regency, containing wild boar meat from Bau-Bau, Southeast Sulawesi Province on 29 January 29 2023 [reference5, reference6]; The NTT Animal Husbandry Service provided Kupang Regency with 1 000 L of disinfectant, and is ready to distribute also to other areas [reference7], according to media.
Actions taken by Timor-Leste
The Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries (MAF) reactivated their public awareness campaign in collaboration with the Market Development Facility Australia to provide more accurate information for farmers and promote better practices [reference1, reference2]. To move a pig, pig transportation license for the driver, and pre-movement testing of pigs are required; and everybody are encouraged to follow biosecurity measures, according to media [reference3]. ‘African Swine Fever is Triggering Market Shifts’ MDF MarketView Timor-Leste #9, October 2022was released that describes measures applied and value chain changes observed [reference4].
Actions taken by Papua New Guinea
NAQIA stepped up its ASF national risk communications and awareness campaign; strengthened responses for affected provinces and preparedness for non-infected provinces along the highway; urged farmers to practice biosecurity measures. “Quarantine Areas” and checkpoints at strategic locations have been set to control the movements of pigs and pork products. A restricted pig movement permit system has been implemented [reference1, reference2]. NAQIA is encouraging all provinces to develop their own ASF preparedness and response plans. NAQIA is now in the Recovery Phase of the ASF Response Plan with the aim to re-establish pig farming in the infected zone. The ASF impact survey Conducted in Upper Highlands illustrated strong need for value-chain and behaviour change communication (VC/BCC) [reference3]. NAQIA launched Biosecurity Policy 2022-2032 on 24 June 2022 [reference4], according to media. NAQIA recently launched the ASF repository website. NAQIA organized a 3-day national stakeholders consultation workshop on FMD, LSD and ASF in December 2022 [reference5].
Actions taken by Viet Nam
The “National Plan for the Prevention and Control of African Swine Fever for the period of 2020 – 2025” endorsed on 7 July 2020 (972/QD-TTg) set goals for ASF control, pig farm biosecurity application and laboratory capacity development to be achieved; defined restocking conditions, sampling requirements, surveillance, conditions for culling and moving-to-slaughter. The Department of Animal Health announced the licensing of NAVET-ASFVAC in June 2022. According to media, Viet Nam also licensed AVAC ASF LIVE on 8 July 2022. Up to July 2023 (phase 1), a total of 1.2 million doses of ASF vaccines are allowed to be used in 36 provinces/municipalities. By the end of December 2022, around 30,000 doses were used in 22 provinces/municipalities. According to media, a major livestock company vaccinated 271 424 pigs on 226 farms with the AVAC ASF LIVE vaccine; after 4 weeks of vaccination, collected 660 blood samples from 41 farms which showed 94.85% positive for anti-ASF antibody by ELISA [reference1, reference2, reference3]. Media also reported that in accordance with the Law on Environmental Protection (2020, Clause 8, Article 3), the Department of Natural Resources and Environment of Ha Tinh Province organized training to guide farms, livestock and aquaculture establishments on how to comply and obtain ‘environmental license’ that all livestock farms and aquaculture establishments must apply for within 36 months [reference4].
Actions taken by Lao People’s Democratic Republic
When an ASF outbreak confirmed, the Ministry designates Red Area around an outbreak to control the movement of pig and pork products and prohibits pork consumption; and yellow Area (3 km radius from the red areas) as designated surveillance zones. In response to the new ASF outbreaks in December 2022, DLF deployed a task force to Xiengkhuang Province, control measures have been implemented.
Actions taken by Cambodia
Cambodia has temporarily suspended imports of pigs from neighbouring countries [reference1, reference2], in-country pig movement control has also been strengthened [reference3, reference4]. On 13 January 2023, the intervention team of the General Department of Animal Health and Animal Production seized a vehicle carrying 5 cases with 45 frozen pigs without a permit in Kandal Province, in collaboration with the Economic Crime Police Office of the province [reference5].
Actions taken by Thailand
DLD implements ASF contingency plan with clinical practice guidelines [reference1] while the provinces monitor and follow-up the situation in accordance with the guidelines [reference2]. DLD is promoting the improvement of disease prevention systems and biosafety on farms, arranging low-interest loans [reference3]. The Prime Minister ordered relevant agencies to continue crackdown pork product smuggling, as quantity seized during 2022 reached one million kilograms [reference4].
Actions taken by Myanmar
Various control measures including movement control, surveillance, official carcass disposal have been implemented and raised awareness on good animal husbandry practices [reference].
Actions taken by Bhutan
The authority implemented 3D (Depopulation, Disposal and Disinfection) operation, surveillance, quarantine, movement control, awareness raising, import ban, and encouraged farmers to adopt good pig farming practices [reference1]. In response to the new ASF outbreaks, the Ministry of Agriculture and Forests (MOAF) strengthened containment measures and called on farmers to strengthen biosecurity on their farms, properly cook swill before feeding, avoid domestic pigs contacting wild boars, and report any abnormal signs of pigs. Department of Livestock, MOAF notified to public that failing to promptly report any suspicious deaths shall result in penalties [reference2]. The government of Sarpang District urged all hotels/restaurants to stop buying illegal pork and giving swill to pig farms [reference3]. Sales of pork products has been suspended in the affected areas [reference4] while authorities have been visiting pig farms to sensitize farm owners and inspect the management of the farms [reference5] according to media. To enhance biosecurity and food safety services, the Bhutan Agriculture and Food Regulatory Authority (BAFRA) launched an online Bhutan biosecurity and food safety system (BBFSS) [reference6].
Actions taken by Nepal
Various control measures have been implemented including surveillance, quarantine, disposal of carcasses, movement control, disinfection, and ante and post-mortem inspections [reference1]. In response to the new ASF outbreaks in Myagdi District in Gandaki Province, authorities requested pig raisers to isolate any ASF suspected pigs and report without delay, and dispose dead pigs by burial [reference2], according to media.
Actions taken by India
The Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying (DAHD) released the Disease Control Strategy Plan in June 2020 as guidance for State / UT Governments for ASF prevention, control and containment [reference1]. Individual ASF detected area implements control measures with reference to the guidance. According to media, on 1 February 2023, the finance minister announced the Union Budget for fiscal year 2023-24, the DAHD received Rs 4,327.85 crore (approx. USD 53 billion), increased by almost 40% from Rs 3,105.17 crore in 2022-23. A significant part of the total allocation went to the livestock health and disease control programme - Rs 2,349.71 crore [reference2]. On 18 January 2023, Champhai District in Mizoram State issued a notice and 1) banned import of pigs, pork and pork products from other countries/states; 2) prohibited slaughter of pigs, and ordered 3) separation of sick pigs, and 4) immediately notify veterinary offices – as precautional measures in response to rumours of pig deaths in neighbouring country [reference3]. Madhya Pradesh State is monitoring the movement of pigs in affected areas [reference4]; in Punjab State, Lalewal Village in Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar District has been declared as infected area and the district issued an order to ban the movements of pigs, pork, pork products, pig feed, and any pig farm related equipment and machinery in and out of the infected area [reference5]; Tamil Nadu State banned cross border transport of live pigs to/from Nilgiris District and swill feeding, strengthened eight checkpoints in Gudalur taluk, and requested farmers to fence their farms and disinfect around their farms [reference6, reference7], the DAHD has coordinated with Karnataka and Tamil Nadu states, and issued advisories to Animal Husbandry Departments and Forest Departments for taking preventive measures as per the National Action Plan of ASF. The Forest Department deployed teams to retrieve and destroy any carcasses of wild boars in Mudumalai Tiger Reserve [reference8] according to media.
ASF virus can be transmitted through pork and pork products (raw/frozen/dried/under-cooked) in which the virus can survive for a long time. As COVID-19 related travel restriction has been eased in many countries, the number of travellers returning from the Lunar New Year holiday may increase during this period. Intensive border/customs control of passengers’ luggage is recommended. Warning signs should be placed clearly at the border/customs entry including airports and seaports, stating the consequences of bringing pork and pork products from ASF-infected countries/regions, and instructing passengers to discard pork products in designated disposal places or to hand over to the customs personnel.
Countries of the region
National Considerations, Inter-Regional Collaboration and Solidarity
China: Anhui, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shanxi, Yunnan, Hunan, Guizhou, Hubei, Jiangxi, Fujian, Sichuan, Shaanxi, Qinghai, Guangdong, Gansu, Shandong, Hainan and Hebei provinces, Tianjin, Chongqing, Shanghai and Beijing municipalities, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia Hui, Guangxi Zhuang, Xinjiang Uygur, and Tibet (Xizang) autonomous regions and Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR).
Mongolia: Bulgan, Darkhan-Uul, Dundgovi, Orkhon, Selenge, Töv provinces and Ulaanbaatar
Viet Nam: All provinces and municipalities.
Cambodia: Ratanakiri, Tboung Khmum, Svay Rieng, Takeo and Kandal provinces.
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea: Chagang-Do.
Lao People’s Democratic Republic: All provinces and municipality.
Myanmar: Shan, Kachin, Kayah states and Sagaing Region.
The Philippines: Abra, Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Albay, Apayao, Aurora, Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Bulacan, Cagayan, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Camiguin, Cavite, Davao de Oro, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Davao Occidental, Davao Oriental, Eastern Samar, Guimaras, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Iloilo, Isabela, Kalinga, La Union, Laguna, Lanao del Norte, Leyte, Marinduque, Masbate, Misamis Oriental, Mountain, North Cotabato, Northern Samar, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Pangasinan, Quezon, Quirino, Rizal, Samar, Sarangani, Sorsogon, Southern Leyte, Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur, Tarlac, Zambales, Zamboanga del Sur provinces and Metro Manila (Caloocan, Malabon and Quezon cities).
Republic of Korea: Gyeonggi-do, Gangwon-do, Incheon City, Chungcheongbuk-do, and Gyeongsangbuk-do.
Timor-Leste: All districts.
Indonesia: North Sumatra, Riau, West Sumatra, South Sumatra, Lampung, West Java, Central Java, Yogyakarta, Bali, East Nusa Tenggara, Banten, Jambi; Bangka Belitung, East Java, West Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan, East Kalimantan and North Kalimantan provinces.
Papua New Guinea: Southern Highlands, Enga, Hela, Western Highlands, Jiwaka, and Simbu provinces.
India: Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Bihar, Kerala, Punjab and Haryana states.
Disputed territory: Arunachal Pradesh.
Malaysia: Sabah, Sarawak; Perak, Pahang, Malacca, Johor, Negeri Sembilan, Trengganu, Kelantan and Penang (Pulau Pinang) states.
Bhutan: Chhukha, Samdrup Jongkhar, Sarpang districts.
Thailand: Buri Ram, Chachoengsao, Chaiyaphum, Chiang Mai, Chumphon, Kalasin, Kamphaeng Phet, Khon Kaen, Krabi, Mae Hong Son, Maha Sarakham, Mukdahan, Nakhon Phanom, Nakhon Phanom, Nakhon Sawan, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Nakhon Ratchasima, Nan, Nong Bua Lam Phu, Nong Khai, Phangnga, Phatthalung, Phetchaburi, Phichit, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Ranong, Ratchaburi, Roi Et, Si Sa Ket, Songkhla, Suphan Buri, Trang, Ubon Ratchathani, Udon Thani provinces and Bangkok.
Nepal: Bhaktapur, Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Kavrepalanchok, Sunsari, Jajarkot, Jhapa, Morang , Chitwan, Dang, Kaski, Surkhet, Kailali and Bara districts.
Information provided herein is current as of the date of issue. Information added since the last ASF situation update in Asia & Pacific appears in orange. For cases with unknown onset date, reporting date was used instead. FAO compiles information drawn from multiple national (Ministries of Agriculture or Livestock and international sources (World Organisation for Animal Health [WOAH]), as well as peer-reviewed scientific articles. FAO makes every effort to ensure, but does not guarantee, accuracy, completeness, or authenticity of the information. The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on these map(s) do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of FAO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers and boundaries. Dashed lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement.
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