Page tools
codexalimentarius > 主题 > 动物饲料

动物饲料

良好动物饲喂在保障动物卫生和福利,以及生产安全和优质的动物源性产品方面发挥关键作用。对动物源性蛋白质的需求日益增加,导致畜牧生产集约化,并主要使用工业化合物饲料。这导致在生产饲料时,更多地使用选定的饲料谷物和饲料种子,农药和肥料,以及新型和非常规材料,如生物燃料副产品和一些其他农业工业副产品。在过去几年中,一些污染事件引起了人们对确保饲料安全以及防止和控制二恶英、黄曲霉毒素和其他不良物质等新旧危害的重要性的关注。

食品法典在动物饲料中的作用

安全饲料和安全食品之间的联系现已得到充分认可;特别是现代的食品安全方法确定了措施,以在生产链的早期阶段(包括在饲料谷物和饲料的初级生产阶段)尽量减少和预防危害。这提高了初级生产者(包括农民和饲料部门)对生产安全和优质食品的贡献和责任的认识。

食典委认识到动物饲养对安全食品生产的重要性,已经建立了两个专门的工作组,制定了旨在为各国政府提供良好动物饲喂操作以及对饲料中的危害进行风险评估和优先排序的文本。其他食典附属委员会也可在出现以下情况时开展有关动物饲料的工作:污染物、农药和兽药残留物、食品卫生,以及检验和认证影响了食品安全。

动物饲喂法典工作仅涉及食品安全,除与食品安全相关的动物健康问题之外,不包括其他动物福利问题。如饲料和饲料成分中环境污染物的含量可能会因消费动物源性食物而给消费者健康带来风险,则会考虑环境污染物。将动物饲喂纳入法典工作,明确认可了饲料部门在生产安全和优质的食品方面的作用和责任。

相关食典文本

索引 标题 委員 最新修订
EN
FR
ES
AR
ZH
RU
CAC/MISC 4-1989Classification of Foods and Animal FeedsCCPR1993
CAC/RCP 45-1997Code of Practice for the Reduction of Aflatoxin B1 in Raw Materials and Supplemental Feedingstuffs for Milk-Producing AnimalsCCCF1997
CAC/RCP 54-2004Code of Practice on Good Animal FeedingTFAF2008
CAC/GL 81-2013《供政府对饲料危害等级进行优先性排序的指南》TFAF2013
CAC/GL 80-2013饲料风险评估应用准则TFAF2013

新闻

Managing the risk of veterinary drug transfer through feed to food

Medicated feed is one important route for administering veterinary medicinal products to animals, in particular to animals intended for food production. It can be difficult to administer a veterinary drug to an animal, especially in the case of smaller species typically reared in large groups such as a flock of birds or a school of fish where there would be hundreds of animals that all need to be treated at the same time. The use of medicated feed provides an simple, [...]
24 January 2019

Tailored animal nutrition and feed strategies can lead to a significant reduction in antimicrobial usage

The role of animal nutrition and feed strategies and options for reducing the need to use antimicrobials in animal production was highlighted in a side event during a meeting of the Ad hoc Codex Intergovernmental Task Force on Antimicrobial Resistance that took place in Busan, Republic of Korea, from 10 to 14 December 2018. The speakers summarized the current state of the art and recent insights on how diets, gut health and the immune system interact and could contribute to disease [...]
02 January 2019

FAO/WHO call for experts, stakeholders and data related to residues in feed

FAO and WHO are currently seeking experts, stakeholders and data related to the carry-over from feed to food of unavoidable and unintended residues of approved veterinary drugs. The three calls have been issued in preparation of the FAO/WHO Stakeholder Meeting on 7 January 2019 and the Expert Consultation Meeting on 8 to 11 January 2019 in Rome, Italy. The 23rd Codex Committee on Residue of Veterinary Drugs in Food has requested FAO and WHO to provide scientific advice to address the [...]
10 August 2018
1 2

关键事实

  • 动物产品的消费在全球范围内继续上升,并将在未来几十年持续下去,从而推动动物饲料产品需求。
  • 饲料安全不仅影响动物的健康,还影响生产者、处理者和消费者的健康。
  • 《良好动物饲喂操作规范》 规定了覆盖食品动物整个食物链的饲料安全体系。