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农药残留法典委员会(CCPR) 负责为国际贸易中特定食品或特定类别的食品或饲料农药残留物制定法典最大残留限量。

在制定法典最大残留限量前,必须进行人体健康风险评估,以确保食品供应安全。粮农组织/世卫组织农药残留联席会议(JMPR) 世卫组织农药残留联席会议负责审查主要从规范试验中获得的 适当毒理学和数据,这些试验根据“良好农业规范”使用农药。粮农组织/世卫组织农药残留联席会议进行膳食风险评估,并向法典委员会建议特定的最大残留限量。



索引 标题 委員 最新修订
CXG 41-1993应用国际食品法典最大残留限量并开展分析的商品部位CCPR2010
CXG 56-2005国际食品法典 质谱在农药残留定性、确认和定量分析中的应用指南 CCPR2005
CXG 33-1999国际食品法典 农药最大残留限量符合性测定的推荐取样方法 CCPR1999
CXG 40-1993Guidelines on Good Laboratory Practice in Pesticide Residue AnalysisCCPR2010
CXG 84-2012Principles and Guidance on the Selection of Representative Commodities for the Extrapolation of Maximum Residue Limits for Pesticides to Commodity GroupsCCPR2017
CXG 90-2017Guidelines on Performance Criteria for Methods of Analysis for the Determination of Pesticide Residues in Food and FeedCCPR2017


Pesticide residues / Training in Chile strengthening expertise in the region

Pesticides are potentially toxic to humans and especially for those who work or come into close contact with them. Yet pesticides also play a key role in food production; protecting or increasing yields and the number of times per year a crop can be grown on the same land. This is particularly important in countries that face food shortages. FAO and WHO are responsible for assessing the risks to humans of pesticides – both through direct exposure, and through residues in [...]
21 February 2020

Codex looks to harmonise regulation of biopesticides

Experts meeting in Macau, China 8 to 12 April 2019, will be discussing a proposal to provide an international reference guideline for biopesticides. The project would establish criteria to identify pesticides that generally pose fewer risks than conventional pesticides and are considered by many national regulators exempt from the need to set maximum residue limits. This Codex guideline would help countries such as Chile, which is leading the work, as they and many other countries base their regulations on the Codex [...]
06 April 2019

Pesticide experts meet to support Codex work

The FAO/WHO Joint Meeting on Pesticide Residues (JMPR) is currently underway at the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment in Berlin, Germany. Dr Roland Solecki, Head of the Department of Pesticides Safety of the Federal Institute hosting the event, highlighted the importance of JMPR’s work in supporting the Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues (CCPR) with scientific advice. He also noted its valuable contribution to enhancing collaboration between national and international organizations to assess the risk of pesticide residues in foods. This is [...]
21 September 2018

Pesticide Residues 50th session in Haikou China

Experts gather in Haikou, China to establish maximum limits for pesticide residues in food and feed. The 50th session of the Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues began on Monday 9 April in Haikou, China and concludes Friday. Since 1966 the committee has established over 5000 Maximum Residue Limits (MRLs) for pesticide residues covering 303 pesticides. Pesticides are used to protect crops against insects, weeds, fungi and other pests. Pesticides are potentially toxic to humans and can have both acute and chronic health [...]
10 April 2018


  • 食品法典规定了食品和饲料作物中农药的最大残留限量,以提供食品安全标准和促进国际贸易。粮农组织和世卫组织还制定了农药规格,以确定农药质量标准,保护消费者和环境免受不合格产品的危害。
  • 食品法典已经制定了超过 4300项最大残留限量,涵盖近200 种农药。
  • 粮农组织倡导将病虫害综合治理(IPM)作为病虫害管理的首选方法。
  • 粮农组织和世卫组织鼓励执行 《国际农药管理行为守则》


Harry Van der Wulp解释了如何通过更新关于农药立法的准则,以强调农药管理不仅影响农业,还涉及卫生和环境部。


粮农组织/世卫组织农药残留联席会议 (JMPR)